Gazetteer of New York, 1860 & 1861 page 612
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612    SCHUYLEK COUNTY.

RE1DOG—was formed from “ Frederickstown,” (now Wayne, Steuben co.,) Feb. IT, 1806.
It lies upon the w. bank of Seneca Lake, and is the central town upon the
n. border of the co.
Its surface is a rolling upland 400 to 500 ft. above the lake. The bluffs upon the shore are very
steep and in many places precipitous. Its streams are small brooks and creeks. The soil is
mostly a clay loam. Heading' Center (p.v.) contains 2 churches and 24 dwellings; Ire¬
land ville (Reading p. o.) contains 11 dwellings. Nor til Reading is a p. o. The Elmira,
Jefferson & Canandaigua R. R. traverses the town upon the w. shore of the lake. A settlement
was made at Reading Center, by Judge John Dow, from Conn., in 1790.1 The first church (Bap.
was formed by Elder John Goff, in 1810, at Reading Center.2

TYRONE—was formed from Wayne, (Steuben co.,) April 16, 1822. It is the n.w. corner
town in the co. Its surface is an elevated upland divided into several ridges by the valleys of
streams. Its principal stream is Mud Creek, flowing s. w. Little Lake, upon the w. border, is
3 mi. long and about 1 wide; and Mud Lake, in the s. w. corner, is 1J mi. long and about one-half
mi. wide. These lakes lie in deep valleys, and are bordered by a long range of hills which rise
300 to 400 ft. above them. The soil is a clay loam. Tyrone, (p.v.,) a little
e. of Mud Lake,
contains 1 church, 1 gristmill, 2 sawmills, 2 tanneries, several manufactories, and 160 inhabit¬
ants; Weston, (p. v.,) I mi.
n. w. of Tyrone, contains 2 churches and 177 inhabitants; Altay,
(p. v.,) a little
e. of the center, contains a church, tannery, 2 sawmills, a steam flouring mill, and
144 inhabitants; Pine Grove (p.o.) contains a church and 6 houses. The first settlement
was made in 1800, by Gen. Wm. Kernan, on a tract of 4,000 acres, purchased by Thos. O’Conner.3
The first church edifice (Union) was erected by the Presb. and Bap.; Rev. Joseph Crawford
(Presb.) and Rev. Van Rensselaer Wall (Bap.) were the first preachers.4

MONTOUR—was formed from Catharines, March 23, 1860, and embraces the western part
of the former town of Catharines, including the village of Havana.

Acres of Land, Valuation, Population, Dwellings, Families, Freeholders, Schools, Live
Stock, Agricultural Products, and Domestic Manufactures, of Schuyler County.

Names op Towns.


Catharines.

Cayuta......

Dix...........

Hector.......

Orange......

Reading....
Tyrone .

Total.


Names of Towns.

Acres op Land.

Valuation op 1858.

Population.

§>

•1

>

I

No. of Families.

1

S

1

Scbools.

Improved.

1

s.

1

1

Beal Estate.

Personal

Property.

Total.

Males.

Females.

No. of
Districts.

Children

taught.

Catharines.................

18,160

11,598

$833,291

$157,100

$990,391

1,761

1,756

669

593

421

18

1,390

Cayuta......................

4,875

7,168*

74,836

3.840

78,676

324

294

118

119

130

3

208

Dix...........................

15,269

7,326*

558,503

39,765

598,268

1,447

1,437

545

574

454

13

1,176

Hector......................

45,904*

15,851

1,520,513

82,600

1,603,113

2,801

2,828

1,090

1,102

988

38

2,126

Orange......................

20,328*

11,304*

434,542

47,444

481,986

1,256

1,227

483

4S3

374

17

885

Reading....................

12,882*

3,726*

425,073

27,750

452,823

736

716

266

277

237

7

483

Tyrone......................

16,917

6,023|

566,555

35,850

602,405

1,083

1,111

409

429

342

16

850

Total.................

134,336*

62,999*

4,413,313

394,349

4,807,662

■ 9,408

9,369

3,582

3,577

2,946

112

7,118

Live Stock.

Agricultural Products.

'iff

$ e
§ 54
Gl.g

Horses.

Is s

1

a

i ■
§

Swine.

Bush, op Grain,

Tons of Hay.

Bushels of
Potatoes.

Is a,
s SI
WN

Dairy Products.

■i

s

S3

k

■'£

$

13 si
S S
S K

fcoq

Pounds

Cheese.

755

1,582

1,081

6,216

1,049

12,130

90,038

2,737

11,954

21,358

97,110

8,445

716

176

493

325

1,399

303

1,321*

20,606*

856*

2.480

7,329

35,0S5

1,S80

897

661

1,624

938

6,547

1,019

11,617*

86,751*

2,340*

12,771

12,099

89,611

3,381

1,898*

2,048

3,512

2,393

15,495

3,562

35,077*

263,492

5,712*

22,829

57,818

258,227

8,988

3,493

768

1,800

1,168

6,213

1,191

8,007

95.752

3,075

20,460

9,670

119,185

2.363

2,678*

580

1,052

702

6,261

834

7,129

62,722*

1,301*

9,084

12,-374

74,087

3,932

358*

712

1,265

1,069

6,787

1,493

11,317

77,475*.

1,973

1,528

22,581

125,648

3,179

1,304*.

5,700'11,328

7,676

48,918

9,451

86,599*

696,838

17,996*

81,106

143,229

798,953

32,168

11,346*

t David Culver settled near Reading Center, in 1806, and Alex¬
ander Hinton, near Watkins, in 1802. The first marriage was
that of Elisha Culver and Susan Divins; and the first birth,
that of Minor Culver. The first school was taught hy Ira
Parker, at the Center. David Culver kept the first inn,
n. of the
Center, and David Culver, jr., the first store, at the same place.
Eliadia Parker erected the first sawmill.

2 The census reports 3 churches; Bap., M. E., and R. C.

3 Mr. O’Conner was among the early settlers, and resided for
a time in a log house on the shore of Little Lake. He was ac¬
companied by a son and daughter,—the former of whom is Hon.

Charles O’Conner, the eminent New York lawyer. Abraham
Eleet, sr., from N. J., and Capt. Josiah Bennett were among the
first settlers near Tyrone Village, in 1800; Thaddeus, Gersham,
and Abraham Bennett settled about 1801. Simon Eleet was the
first child born in town. The first school was taught at Tyrone
Village, by Hugh Jameson; the first inn was kept by Capt'. Wil¬
liams, and the first store by Thos. O’Conner, near the
n. w. corner
of the town. The first mill and factory were erected at Tyrone
Village by Ralph Opdyke.

* The census reports 7 churches; 3 Bap., 2 Presb., and 2 M. E.



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