Gazetteer of New York, 1860 & 1861 page 394
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MADISON COUNTY.

forms a part of its w. boundary. The Canastota and Cowaselon Creeks unite in the swamp and
flow in an artificial channel to the lake. These streams afford numerous valuable mill privileges.
On the Canaseraga, near Perryville, is a waterfall 130 feet in height. Black Creek is a tributary
of the Chittenango. Gypsum is found in numerous localities and is extensively quarried
.1 Water¬
lime is also obtained in the s. part
.2 Marl and peat abound in the swampy regions. There are
several mineral springs in town, the principal of which are the “White Sulphur Spring” and the
“Yates Spring.” The former—known as Chittenango Springs—is fitted up for the reception of
visitors; and the waters of both are celebrated for their medicinal properties
.3 The soil in the sr. is
a clayey loam alternating with muck and marl, and in the s. it is a gravelly loam, dlittenang'©,
(p.v.,) on Chittenango Creek, was incorp. March 15, 1842. It contains 3 churches, the Yates
Polytechnic Institute, a bank, a woolen factory, gristmill, and tannery. Pop. 916. Perryville*
(p.v.) is partly in this town. Ca.na.sera.ga. (Sullivan p.o.) contains 1 church and 25 houses,
and Bridgeport (p.v.) 1 church and about 35 houses. Lakeport is a p. o. The first settle¬
ment was made in 1790, by squatters from the Mohawk Yalley
.4 The census reports 9 churches.5

394


Acres of Land, Valuation, Population, Dwellings, Families, Freeholders, Schools, Live
Stock, Agricultural Products, and Domestic Manufactures, of Montgomery County.

Acres of Land.

Valuation of 1858.

Population.

e>

8

Schools.

Names of Towns.

!

Improved,

Unimproved.

Seal Estate.

Personal

Property.

'e

5

Females.

1

O

o'

1

*

1

O

1

*4

No. of
Districts.

Children
taught
.

Brookfield...............

30,640$

13,564$

$599,120

$183,630

$782,750

1,891

1,879

692

788

631

27

1,330

• Cazenovia...............

23,256$

6,870

999,550

475,950

1,475,500

2,162

2,333

890

975

• 746

18

1,474

De Ruyter...............

12,959

6,859

338,085

29,675

367,760

973

948

334

379

309

11

727

Eaton.....................

20,828$

8,616$

775,285

149,800

925,085

2,014

2,047

727

799

557

19

1.227

Fenner...................

15,021

3,561

387,606

23.350

410,956

791

831

311

327

291

14

670

Georgetown.............

11,336$

10,275

225,170

34,870

260,040

728

714

310

333

264

12

564

Hamilton...............

19,080$

5,369$

721,330

227,010

948,-340

-1,847

1,890

700

795

575

16

1,235

Lebanon..................

19,964$

6,171

518,640

73.120

591,760

840

821

309

344

256

13

616

Lenox.....................

32,206$

16,496$

1,690,330

434.550

2,124,880

4,021

3,779

1,422

1,512

858

30

2,935

Madison..................

17,468

4,812

640,250

123,400

763,650

1,222

1,261

524

541

355

13

783

Nelson....................

20,931

6,130$

455,450

65,250

520,700

967

909

362

194

351

14

624

Smithfield...............

11,820

3,426

327,100

48,700

375,800

758

756

290

314

184

11

569

Stockbridge.............

15,512

3,647

321.910

41,850

363,760

1,037

1,015

381

217

298-

15

856

Sullivan..................

26,369$

15,707

1,433,000

343,000

1,776,000

2,764

2,489

969

1,026

674

26

2,051

Total..............

277,393$

111,505$

$9,432,786

$2,254,155

$11,686,941

22,015

21,672

8,221

8,544

6,349

239

15,661

Live Stock.

Agricultural Products.

Bush, of Grain.

Dairy Products.

Names of Towns.

S &SS
O    S

MS


CL,    ft)

Klft,


1,055

1,052

448

892

631

311

1,092

690

1,588

585

630

670

681

1,428


2,435

2,157

1,131

2,147

974

812

2,022

2,096

2,765

1,346

1,793

1,243

1,430

1,716


148

1,851$


250,146

186,356

106,550

290,775

62,705

69,586

186,750

161,492

75,965

113,490

209,207

122,078

187,656

64,838


9,053$

5,127

3,756

6,284

2,520

3,476$

5,159

6,108

6,201

4,582

5,594

2,423

2,742

5,237,


30,179

20,669

8,398

16,788$

9,342

7,800

15,650

11,453

25,627

16,856

17,367

9,590

11,976

22,583


53,627
49,753
28,337
45,402
45,740
9,509
39,152
31,
48,418
40,860
60,864
17,850
26,166
34,154


Brookfield...
Cazenovia...
De Ruyter...

Eaton.........

Fenner........

Georgetown.

Hamilton....

Lebanon......

Lenox.........

Madison......

Nelson........

Smitlifield..
Stockbridge
Sullivan—..
Total..


308

642


11,880s

1,313
47
778
5,95 63
7,491


224,278,


531,677 1,840,298 2,087,594 17,164$


11,753 20,857 24,067


2,029

1,540

638

2,112

1,069

634

1,679

1,748

2,556

1,227

1,325

856

1,327

2,117


99,221J
126,940$
44,10S
• 80,565$
82,585
35,368
72,020
72,376$
236,579
67,761
58,64S$
71,973
89,969
162,776


30,797$ 11,300,891$ 68,263-


173,670

186,705

76,975

159,410

84,740

70,906

118,423

137,488

219,062

113,045

160,978

96,414

94,895

147,587


on the Indian Reservation near Canaseraga. The Indians com¬
plained to the Governor of their intrusion, and they were ordered
to remove. They neglected to do so; and in 1791, Col. Colbraith,
the sheriff of Montgomery co., was sent with a posse of 60 men
to dislodge them. They still refused; and their movables were
taken from their dwellings and their houses burned. They
then removed to the neighborhood of Chittenango and settled
on lands that the State had lately acquired of the Indians.
John G. Moyer, John Walroth, Capt. Timothy Brown, Solomon,
Joseph, and David Beebe, Col. Zebulon Douglas, John Mathews,
Philip Daharsh, Nicholas Pickard, Ovid Weldon, Peter Dygart,
John Keller, John Sower, Wm. Miles, David Burton, Timothy
Freeman, and Peter Ehle settled in the town shortly after. The
first birth was that of Peggy Schuyler, in 1791; and the first
death, that of a child of David Freemyer. John G. Moyer built
the first saw and gristmill, and Jacob Schuyler kept the first
inn.

6 3 Bap., 2 M. E., Cong., Wes. Meth., Ref. Prot. D., and
Union.


1

Gypsum is said to have been quarried here in 1800.

2

a In this town is a bed of waterlime,—the first discovered in
the State. The material was first quarried and burned for quick¬
lime to be used on the canal; but it was found that it would
not slack. Experiments were then made, qnd the material was
discovered to be hydraulic lime.

3

Following is a statement of an analysis of a pint of water

from each of these springs.

White Sulphur Spring.    Yates    Spring.

Carbonate of lime............... 1.33    .......................... 0.88

Sulphate “ “ ............... 8.22      1.12    75

Sulphate of magnesia.......... 3.11    ..................... J

   “ soda................. .......................... 1.66

Chloride of calcium............ trace........................... 0.14

4

* See page 391.

5

These squatters were James and Joseph Pickard, Jacob,
David, and Han-Yost Schuyler, Jacob Seeber, Gerrett and Geo.
Yan Slycke, John Polsley, and John Freemyer. They settled


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