Gazetteer of New York, 1860 & 1861 page 373
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KINGS COUNTY.    373

every man a day’s work, with a team, or 2 days without, in building a dam. The first church
(Ref. Prot. D.) was formed in 1655. Besides this, there are in town 2 M. E. churches.

MEW EOTS1was formed from Platbush, Feb. 12,1852. It lies in the extreme e. part of the
co. Its surface is generally level, the s. half being occupied by extensive salt meadows. East
Mew York (p. v.) i
3 a prospective city of “magnificent distances” near the n. line.? It con¬
tains a newspaper office, 4 churches, a manufactory of dyestuffs and colors, several shoe manu¬
factories, and 1,000 inhabitants. Cypress Hills is a newly surveyed village near the
n. e.
corner. The Cypress Hills Cemetery, Cemetery of the Evergreens, and Cemetery of the Congre¬
gation of Emanuel (Jewish) are partly in this town. The first settlement was made by about
20 families from Holland and a few Palatinates, in 1654.' In 1660 the portions of lands previously
held in common were divided into lots and assigned to individuals. During the same year a horse-
mill was erected. For many years the deacons of the church were chosen overseers of the
poor, and from 1799 to 1812 the schools were under the direction of church officers. A detach¬
ment of
1,200 militia was stationed here in the War of 1812, in anticipation of an attack by the
British. There are 5 churches in town
.3

MEW UTRECHT—was incorp. by Gov. Stuyvesant in 1662, by Gov. Nicoll, Aug. 15, 1668,
and by Gov. Dongan, May 13,1686.4 It was recognized as a town March 7,1788. It lies upon the
Narrows, in the w. part of the co. A range of low hills extends across the n. border, and the re¬
maining part of the surface is level. The soil is a light, sandy loam, but for the most part is highly
cultivated. Mew Utrecht, (p. v.,) in the s. part, is a small, compact village. In ancient times
it was inclosed by a palisade as a defense against Indians and pirates. Fort Hamilton,
(p.v.,) near the U. S. grounds, is a fine village, chiefly inhabited by persons doing business in New
York. Hath is a place of summer resort on Gravesend Bay. Bay Ridge is a suburban vil¬
lage adjoining Brooklyn. Fort Hamilton is a U. S. fortification upon the bluff commanding the
passage of the Narrows
.5 Fort La Fayette is a strong water battery built upon Hendricks Reef, 200
yards from the shore
.6 There are 6 churches in town.7

Acres of Land, Valuation, Population, Dwellings, Families, Freeholders, Schools, Live
Stock, Agricultural Products, and Domestic Manufactures, of Kings County.

Names of Towns.

Acres of Land.

Valuation of 1858.

Population.

No, of Dwellings.

1

Freeholders.

Schools.

| Improved.

Unimproved.

Real Estate.

£ fe
!§<

j Total.

1

Females.

1 $0. of
1 Districts.

Children

taught.

Brooklyn..................

l,652i

1,196!

$88,136,781

$10,338,494

$98,475,275

97,129

108,121

22,573

41,438

10,887

80

47,500

Flatbush...................

2,616

179

1,124,142

510,000

1.634,142

1,559

1,721

266

308

162

2

578

Flatlands..................

3.235J

1,950

563,351

150,525

713,876

879

699

232

258

172

3

673

Gravesend..................

2,506

695

544,241

124,850

669,091

664

592

200

226

127

2

388

New Lots..,...............

1.862

983J

746,915

182,800

929,715

1,181

1,080

335

444

285

3

817

New Utrecht..............

3,9995

591

1,573,067

301,400

.1,874,467

1,435

1,295

364

459

239

4

816

Total.................

15,871!

5,594f

92,688,497

11,608,069

104,296,5.66

102,847

113,508

23,970

43,133

11,872

94

50,772

Names of Towns.

Live Stock.

Aoricultural Products.

i

it

I

Working
Oxen and
Calves.

Cows.

g,

i

g

i

Bush, of Grain.

Tons of May.

Bushels of
Potatoes.

Bushels of
Apples.

Daiey Pboducts.

Winter.

Spring.

Pounds

Butter.

| i

Brooklyn...................

4,750

14

1,731

1,808

1,828

31,324

400

28,565

50

Flatbush...................

361

24

218

359

2,560

13,462

1,097

84,822

Flatlands..................

320

52

258

577

4,979

11,380

1,789

103,750

Gravesend..................

300

126

223

378

4,182

9,137

683

70,595

11,030

New Lots...................

268

84

188

316

4,486

10,647

871

30,186

6,395

New Utrecht..............

315

70

216

2

529

4,911

14,115

1,343

50,325

4

Total..............

6,314

370

2,834

2

3,964

22,946

90,065

6,183

368,243

54

17,425

drick Van Pelt, Lawrence Janse, Gerrit Cornelissen, Dirk Van
Sutphen, Thomas Tierkson, Gerrit Stolfeisen, Peter Thysen,
Anthony Van Pelt, Anthony Duchaine, Jan Vanderventer, and
Cornelis Wynhart. The annual acknowledgment was 6 bush,
of good winter wheat, payable, at the city of New York, March
25.—
Patents, V,- 407.

6 This fortress was commenced in 1824 and completed in 1832.
The total cost of the structure in 1858 was $552,000. It mounts
60 heavy guns, of which 48 bear upon the channel.

6 Formerly called “Fort Diamond.” . It was commenced in
1812, and in 1851 it had cost $341,941. It mounts 73 heavy
guns. These forts were located and planned by Gen. Bernard,
a French engineer.
t 2 Prot. E., 2 Ref. Prot. D., M. E.} and R. C.


1

This part of Flatbush was called by the Dutch “Oswout,”
East Woods. A patent was granted to 40 of the principal in¬
habitants, March 25,1677, by Gov. Andross.

8 This city was laid out during the speculative days of 1835-
86 as a rival of New York. A ship canal, extending to Jamaica
Bay, was to make the place a port of entry-.

8 Ref. Prot. D., Prot. E., Ger. Evang. Luth., M.E., and R.C.

* The grantees in the patent of Gov. Nicoll were Nicasius de
Sille, Jacques Cortilleau, Francis Browne, Robt. Jacobsen, and
Jacob Swart,—
Patents, IV, 52; and those in the patent of Gov.
Dongan were Jacques Corteljour, Ruth Goosten, John Verkerke,
Hendrick Mathyse, John Kiersen, John Van Dyck, Guisbert
Thyson, Carel Van Dyck, Jan Van Cloef, Cryn Jansen, Meyndert
Ooerten, John Hansen, Barent Joosten, Teunis Yan Pelt, Hen¬


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