Gazetteer of New York, 1860 & 1861 page 285
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ERIE COUNTY.

Buffalo is the second commercial city of the State, and the largest and most important upon the
great lakes.1 Its situation at the foot of navigation upon Lake Erie and at the western terminus of
the Erie Canal makes it the principal port for the transhipment of the products of the great grain
region of the Upper Mississippi Yalley, and gives to it the command of the greater part of the
commerce of the lakes.2 The number of entries at this port during the year 1857 was 4,017, with
an aggregate of 1,618,672 tons; and the number of clearances was 3,564, with an aggregate of
1,603,134 tons.3 The exportation and importation by canal is also immense;4 and it is estimated

285


1856.


1855.


317

5,713.611

8,286

242

5,211

635

622

845,953

912

139,051

193

75,174

1.323

643,000

221247

21513

68,2831319

1,602,000

150

113

1,789

1,214,760

20,283

1,595

1,150

48,536

14,830

2,173

23,024,213

1,669,000

44.972

270

2,102

445,750

42.140

8,334.179

35,613


681

9,632,477

5.326
820

5,826

890

729

1,126,048

327

111,856

408

72,713

2,077

5,335,500

30,677

2.326
60,584,541

920.000
1,800

805
• 2,870
1,733,382
60.477
3,368
287
245,810
15.297
1,814
18,556,039

398.000
41,467

623

3,837

634,900

36,009

8,466.671

411592


239
8,711,230
5,591
379
6,752
1,112
1,276
936,761
1,191
90,964
362
59,944
3,994
10,357,136
67,309
2,265
72,026,651
245,000
867
346
4,700
2,693,322
106,682
4,311
480
299,591
20,522
2,391
16,421,568
1,764,000
26,508
489
3,470
1,234,100
37,087
8,022.126
47',168


1856.


1855.


3,255

33,320

7,366

46,327

1,241,600

9,220,932

25,283

404

53,512

1,870,488


2,975

59,911

5,086

37,844

923,000

3,612,519

29,799

91

57,247

2.587,600


4,295

97,804

9,725

62,304

1,988,920

10,768,396

14,049

225

69,878

560,000


Year.

Flour.

Wheat.

Com.

Oats.

Barley.

Bye.

1836...

139,178

304,090

204,355

28,640

4,876

1,500

1837...

126,805

450.350

94,490

2,553

3,267

1838...

277,620

933,117

34,148

6,577

909

1839...

294,125

1,117,262

1840...

597,742

1,004,561

71,327

1841...

730,040

1,635,000

201,031

14,144

2,150

1842-

734,308

1,555,430

454,530

4,710

1,228

1843...

917,517

1,827,241

223,983

2,489

1,332

1844...

915,030

2,177,500

137,978

18,017

1,617

456

1845-

746,750

1,770,740

54,200

23,100

1846-

1,374,529

4,744,184

1,455,258

218,300

47,530

28,250

1847...

1,857,000

6,489,100

2,862,300

446,000

70,787

1848-

1,249,000

4,520,117

2,298,100

560,000

17,809

1849-

1850-

1,103,039

3,681,346

2,593,378

359,580

3,600

1851-

1,258,224

4,167.121

5,988,775

1,140,340

142,773

10,652

1852-

1,299,513

5,549,778

5,136,746

2,596,231

497,913

112,271

1853...

975,557

5,424,043

3,665,793

1,480.655

401,098

107,152

1854-

739,756

3,510,792

10,109,973

4,441,739

313,885

177,066

1855-

936,761

8,022,126

9,711,230

2,693,222

62,304

299,591

1856-

1,126,048

8,465,671

9,632,477

1.733,382

46,327

245,810

1857-

845,953

8,334,179

5,713,611

1,214,760

37.844

48,536


1 It is often called “ The Queen City,” and “ The Queen City
of the Lakes.”

2 The amount of grain received in 1857 was 15,443,778 hush.,
and of flour 925,411 bbls., of which 15,348,930 bush, of grain and
845,953 bbls. of flour were received by lake. The same year
there were received by lake 29,799 head of cattle, 75,174 hogs,
and 44,972 sheep. The following table shows the imports, by
lake, of flour and grain for a series of years:— _


The annual average receipts of flour during the first five years
was about 360,000 bbls.; during the next five it was 820,000;
during the next five, 1,474,000; and during the next five, 969,000.
The whole amount of grain received in 1847 was 9,668,187 bush.,
and in 1855 20,788,475 bush.,—the greatest amount in any one
year. This was a greater amount than was received that year
in any other port in the world. The following table shows the
receipts of leading articles during three seasons:—


Beef, bbls..............

Broom Com, bales..

Barley, bush.........

Butter, lbs............

Bacon, lbs.............

Cattle, No.............

Cranberries, bbls...

Coal, tons..............

Copper Ore, lbs..


1857.


Year.

No.

Tonnage.

Men.

1852............

9,441

3,092,247

127,491

1853............

8,298

3,252,978

128,112

1854............

8.912

3,990,284

120,838

1855............

9,211

3,360,233

111.515

1856............

8,128

3,018,587

112,051

1857............

7,581

3,221,806

132,183


Cotton, bales..............

Corn, bush................

Eggs, bbls.................

Feathers, sacks..........

Fish, bbls.................

Furs, bdls.................

Flax, bales................

Flour, bbls................

Hemp, bales.............

Hides, No..................

Horses, No................

Hogs, No...................

Iron, pig, tons............

Lard, lbs..................

Lead, pigs.................

Leather, rolls............

Lumber, ft................

Lath, No...................

Meal, com, bbls..........

Nuts, bbls.................

Oil, bbls...................

Oats, bush................

Pork, bbls................

Pelts, bdls................

Bobes, Buffalo, bales...

Bye, bush.................

Seeds, bbls................

Skins, bdls................

Staves, No................

Shingles, No.............

Sheep, No.................

Tobacco, hhds............

Tobacco, cases............

Tallow, lbs|...............

Whisky, bbls............

Wheat, bush.............

Wool, bales...............


The total value of the importations of these three years were, in
1855, $48,767,315; in 1856, $40,429,871; and in 1857, $34,846,592.

3 Following is an exhibit of the number of entrances and
clearances, their tonnage and crews, for six successive years:—


4 The following tables show the receipts and shipments of leading articles for the year 1857:—The total value of the canal ship¬
ments that year was $16,956,740, and the tolls of the same received at the collector’s office amounted to, $569,537.44.

RECEIPTS.

Lumber, ft....................

...... 1,853,693

Bran, &c. lbs.....................

236,689

Foreign salt, lbs.................

193,839

Timber, 100 cubic ft........

....... 30,920

Beans and peas, bush.........

10,908

Sugar, IBS.........................

12,768,136

7,701,144

Staves, lbs.....................

Potatoes, bush...................

3,342

Molasses, lbs.....................

Wood, cords...................

....... 25,835

Dried fruit, lbs...................

. 130,900

Coffee, lbs..........................

4,900,077

Cheese, lbs....................

....... 22,662

Hops, lbs..........................

621,852

24,720

Nails, spikes, &c. lbs..........

2,856,471

....... 1,320

12,417.665

32,187,521

Hides, lbs......................

Leather, lbs......................

. 714.135

Bailroad iron, lbs................

Crockery and glassware, lbs

Flour, bbls....................

Furniture, lbs....................

, 4,363,775
. 12,417,164

5,606,277

92,894,060

Wheat, bush..................

...... 19,966

Pig iron, lbs......................

All other mdse, lbs.............

Bye, bush.....................

....... 7,778

Castings and ironware, lbs—

. 30,902,457

Stone, lime, and clay, lbs.....

74,134,242

Corn, bush....................

Domestic cottons, lbs..........

594,868

Gypsum, lbs......................

560,687

Barley, bush..................

...... 37,434

Domestic salt, lbs...............

, 52,278,989

Coal, lbs............................

115,193,297

Sundries, lbs.....................

10,471,711

SHIPMENTS.

Lumber, ft......................

. 43,727,523

Bye, bush......................

6.341

Furniture, lbs......................

393,025

214,416

Timber, 100 cubic ft..........

12,485

Com, bush.....................

Lead, lbs.............................

Staves, lbs......................

. 185,921.748

Barley, bush...................

Pig iron, lbs........................

1,240,408

1,829

..... 905,814

87,736

121,789

Pork, bbls.......................

9,195

Bran, &c. lbs..................

..... 4,796,624

Castings and ironware, lbs.....

Beef, bbls.......................

5,256

Dried fruits, lbs...............

Domestic salt, lbs.................

32,100

Bacon, lbs.......................

. 2,112,093

Cotton, lbs....................-

Iron and steel, lbs.............-

201,703

Cheese, lbs......................

65,469

Tobacco, lbs....................

Bailroad iron, lbs..................

Butter, lbs......................

9,874

Hemp, lbs.......................

Crockery and glassware, lbs..

122,594

Lard, tallow, and lard oil.

710,435

Seed, lbs.........................

All other mdse, lbs...............

674,242

Wool, lbs........................

.. 1,325,289

Flaxseed, lbs.....-............

Stone, lime, and clay, lbs.......

4,989,599

Hides, lbs.......................

780,885

Hops, lbs.........................

...... 1,529

Coal, lbs..............................

28,051,852

Flour, bbls.......................

88,092

Domestic spirits, gals.......

...... 836,000

Copper ore, lbs.....................

2.565,201

Wheat, bush...................

.. 6,673,827

Leather, lbs.....................

..... 56,786

Sundries, lbs........................

12,771,000


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