Gazetteer of New York, 1860 & 1861 page 249
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COLUMBIA COUNTY.    249

landing1 and a station on the Hudson It. It. B. Coxsackie Stali©i2, on the Hudson R. R. R.,
has half a dozen houses. At this place is a ferry to Coxsackie, (Greene co.,) on the opposite side
of the river. The first settlement was made by the Dutch about the period of the English conquest.2
There are 3 churches in town.3

TACitSIIvAAICIv4—was formed from Livingston as “ GrangerMarch 19, 1803. Its name
was changed March 25, 1814, and Copake was taken off in 1824. It is an interior town, lying s.
of the center of the co. The surface is hilly. Taghkanick Creek is the principal stream. Its
banks are low and rocky, and upon it are numerous mill sites. The soil is a gravelly and slaty
loam. The hills are generally arable to their summits, although some are wooded and rocky.
West Tilgilkitmck (p.v.) contains 1 church, a gristmill, and 14 houses. Taglakanieli
(p.o.) and l¥ew Forge are hamlets. The first settlements were made by German and Dutch
settlers, among whom were families named Brises, Shurts, and Shoefelts. A tract of about 600
acres, called Taghkanick, included in this town, was purchased by Robert Livingston in 1685.
The first church (M. E.) was organized in 1843. There are now 2 churches in town; Evang.
Luth., and M. E.    '


Acres of Land, Valuation, Population, Dwellings, Families, Freeholders, Schools, Dim
Stock
, Agricultural Products, and Domestic Manufactures, of Columbia County.


Acres op Land.

Valuation op 1858.

Population.

1

i

Schools.

Names op Towns.

'S

&

£

1

I

Heal Estate, j

| Personal
: Property.

Total.

Males.

j Females.

£

I

.6

tei

Freeholders.

No. of
Districts.

Children
taught
.

Ancram....................

21,135

5,784

$625,300

$49,900

$675,200

929

872

284

323

17i

n

. 757

Austerlitz..................

22,805

4,987

401,800

68,450

470,250

796

822

323

354

228

15

574

Canaan.....................

16,501

5,218

447,810

66,100

513,910

9S9

957

359

426

235

9

634

Chatham...................

26,856

4,381

1,094,968

271,730

1,366,698

2,030

1,993

724

821

460

20

1,497

Claverack.-...............

25,055

4,916

927,201

138,353

1,065,554

1,654

1,709

569

519

444

14

1,179

Clermont...................

10,231*

2,047

279,057

151,331

430,388

538

520

183

183

136

6

383

Copake.....................

18,344

4,524

433,820

100,250

534,070

838

782

271

269

180

9

542

Gallatin.....................

17,588

6,151

288,924

126,069

414,993

778

739

260

272

166

7

672

Germantown..............

5,768

573

220,407

100.305

320,712

573

558

175

. 193

132

5

446

Ghent.......................

22,506

5,420

881,504

92,103

973,607

1,272

1,265

412

471

237

10

700

Greenport..................

9,866

1,549

357.280

222,600

579,880

685

698

215

242

146

4

445

Hillsdale...................

21,058

5,641

462,830

132.050

594,880

1,101

1,093

394

366

273

18

979

Hudson.....................

373

77

1,000,500

1,350,042

2,350,542

3,120

3,600

895

1,365

500

4

2,390

Kinderhook...............

15,865

2.811

721,857

994,240

1,716,097

1.800

2,064

671

743

•161

10

1,528

Livingston.................

20,648

2,055

592,072

254,500

846,572

1,025

1,039

328

370

204

12

932

New Lebanon............

16,218

3,804

286.090

104.000

390,090

1,151

1,178

352

370

291

15

821

Stockport..................

5,650

901

233,818

64.250

298,068

776

845

282

304

125

4

519

Stnyvesant................

10,820

2,448

450;7 52

203,000

653,752

974

963

316

354

287

6

849

Taghkanick...............

16,991

5,968

283,980

63,106

347,086

828.

837

274

291

178

8

656

Total.................

304.277*

69,255

$9,989,970

$4,552,379

$14,542,349

21,857

22,534

7,287

8,236

4,554

188

16,503

Agricultural Products.


Daiby Pbodccts.

£

■S

II

.

Pounds
Butter,
|

'1 «‘
s 1
© ^
BhQ

Domestic
Manufac
in Yards

14.580

91,035

300

230

12,526

14,702

98,665

8,300

151

75,080

12,385

1,017

17,532

130,875

10,284

321

18.581

107,575

1,168

522

6,508

11,671

42.045

487

72,295

1,220

305

7,662

3,959

7.914

69,075

33,068

750

1,208

104.023-

100

105

9,493

45,088

250

68

26.585

270

98,767

1,700

5,061

236

7,876

64,640

626

13

9,440

90,246

144

139

22,436

5,170

84,022

26.173

25,794

3,016

5,689

45,468

255

59

7,748

67,588

530

698

210,342

1,347,428

67,167

8,575


Live Stock.

Names op Towns.

Horses.

sas

Cows.

§i

§

•1

Ancram..........*..........

510

1,268

852

11,381

3,835

Austerlitz..................

514

800

827

8,485

1.19.3

Canaan.....................

454

690

678

8,711

1,013

Chatham...................

897

1,338

1,452

6,579

2,924

Claverack..................

841

964

1,113

4,573

2.888

Clermont..................

378

289

595

2,539

1,355

Copake.....................

436

981

804

7,211

2,837

Gallatin....................

520

1,035

837

5,135

2,530

Germantown..............

220

189

435

243

723

Ghent.......................

806

962

981

4,469

2,272

Greenport..................

346

366

498

740

925

Hillsdale...................

538

866

893

5,900

2.189

Hudson.......-............

248

7

118

512

Kinderhook...............

542

642

639

3,865

1,639

Livingston.................

611

597

995

3,954

1,859

New Lebanon.............

448

833

925

9,230

972

Stockport..................

133

203

327

87

250

Stuyvesant................

180

347

650

1,442

532

Taghkanick...............

. 481

799

881

3,005

2,123

Total.................

9,103

13,176

14,500

87,549

32,568

Bcsh. of Gkain.


S

3,3S3
3,698
3,078
4,283
6.050
3,242-
3,011
2,848
2,229
4,815
3.926
A258
178
2,802
4,997
4,783
1,
2,934
2,694


22.298*

12.821

12,325

40,844

49,049

14,867

40,774

28,431

5,736

50,172

12,324

26,367

160

33,911

49,238

8,809

2,784

10,552

31,546

453,008*


101.274

47,564

60,779

110,398

68,701*

22,806*

71,454

55,373

7.920

71,132

19,915*

73.928

936

99.730


51,295

9.786

27,619

37,114

987,172*


65,103


* Evang. Luth., Ref. Prot. D., and M. E.

A Pronounced Toh-konhiick, and supposed to signify Water
Enough.” Upon this side of Mt. Tom, in Copake, was formerly
a spring which was a favorite resort of the Indians; and hence
the name “ Taghkanick” for the locality.


1

2 propellers, owned by parties here, ply on the Hudson and
run from this place.

2

Among the early settlers were families by the names of Van

3

Alstyne, Van Allen, Van Ness, Van Slyke, Van Dyke, Van


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