Gazetteer of New York, 1860 & 1861 page 222
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222    CHEMUNG COUNTY.

s. e. through near the center, and receives as tributaries Jackson and Langfords Creeks from the n,
and Bakers Creek from the s. The soil on the hills is a clay loam, and in the valleys a gravelly
loam. Van Ettenvilie (p.v.) contains 3 churches and 20dwellings; Cayuta,is a p. o. The
first settlements1 were made along the valley of Cayuta Creek in 1795, by Alexander and Benjamin
Ennis, Peter, Jacob, Emanuel, and Isaac Swartwood, from N.J. The first church (Bap.) was
formed by Rev. Ebenezer Jayne, the first settled preacher.2

VETERAJVwas formed from Catharines, April 16, 1823. It lies on the n. line of the co., w.
of the center. The surface is principally a hilly upland. Catharine Creek flows n. along the w.
border, affording an abundance of waterpower.3 The other streams are Newtown and Beardsley
Creeks. The soil is a clay and gravelly loam of good quality. Millport (p. v.) contains 2 churches,
flouring and saw mills, and various manufacturing establishments. Pop. 706. Sullivan vllle5
(p.v.,) in the s. part of the town, contains a church and 155 inhabitants. Veteran and Pine
Valley are p. offices. The first settlements were made at about the commencement of the cen¬
tury,—in the
n. part of the town by immigrants from Conn., and in the s. part by immigrants from
Penn.4 The first church (M. E.) was formed in 1817.5


Acres of Land, Valuation, Population, Dwellings, Families, Freeholders, Schools, Live
Stock, Agricultural Products, and Domestic Manufactures, of Chemung County.


Acres of Land.

Valuation of 1858.

Population.

§i

8

Schools.

Names of Towns.

Improved.

1

!

'1

Real Estate.

Personal

Property.

l Total.

|

Females.

1

G|

>

4

1.

£

Freeholders.

vi

41

Children

taught.

Baldwin*.................

Big Flats................

12.616}

11,125

$641,430

$54,576

$696,006

929

924

342

353

203

7

8

427

655

Catlin.....................

11,670

9,316

276,084

6,064

282,148

759

759

295

300

245

13

651

Chemung................

19,864

20,364

561,100

54,600

615,700

1,437

1.348

493

498

386

14

929

Elmira...................

10,094}

6,425

2,130,801

869,850

3,000,651

4,137

4.349

1,463

1,589

1,023

11

2,865

Erin......................

9,638

18,169

141,873

3,227

145,100

604

586

229

231

232

10

524

Horseheads.............

12,490

7,840

707,870

81,850

34,950

789,720

1,356

1,292

430

467

314

9

1,037

Southport...............

15,831}

16,990}

903,544

938,494

2,285

2,194

814

869

578

18

1,833

Van Etten..............

12,689

12,083

8,073

102,448

2,650

105,098

781

741

277

281

268

12

659

Veteran..................

15,326

482,471

24,600

507,071

1,423

1,384

’ 574

568

416

14

1,061

Total..............

120,219}

110,385}

5,947,621

1,132,367

' 7,079,988

13,711

13,577

1 4,857

5,156

3,665

116

10,621

Live Stock.


Names op Towns.


503

674

627

289

570

729

348

567


959

694

2,183


£

POO


* Formed since 1855.


1,215

809

1,785

9,853

Agricultural Products.

Bush, of Graik.

i

% .

I)airy Products.

fe

* S

•i s

's si

'e «•

£

■ss

Ҥ!

Sfci

I

&

£ .

(qa,

„° S

B, cq

EC .82

13,867}

132,203

2,654

12,101

16,771

86,702

570

4,863

83,270

2,031

9,225

5,503

65,720

8,583

117,986}

4,856

15,189

19,511

209,735

560

6,778

75,813}

2,461

34,842

6,870

79,767

350

2,697

51,960

1,898

8,947

8,322

72,140

10,873}

120,262}

2,825}

13,741

13,916

108,260

2,770

9,813

95,526}

3,391

15,625

9,513

118,899

2,708

41,055

1,868

6,936

8,964

57,870

7,129

109,430

2,956}

14,685

17,994

125,552

3,611

67,312

827,507

24,941

131,291

107,364

924,645

7,861

I

iSfe e

7,013


t


S3


Baldwin*...,
Big Flats....

Catlin........

Chemung...,

Elmira.......

Erin..........

Horseheads.
Southport...
Van Etten..

Veteran......

Total..


1,422

1,002

1,961

767

1,025

1,165

1,473

1,076

1,318


3,009
3,530
2,482
368
1,6.32
2/""
1,'
2.065
4,374


252

1,333

1,128

280

1,587

213

192

1,370

658


1,220

684

1,172


11,209


21,364


2 The census reports 3 churches; Bap., F. W. Bap., and M. E.

8 In the summer of 1857 a sudden and destructive floocf oc¬
curred upon this stream, which swept away every dam upon it,
and every lock on the canal from Horseheads to Seneca Lake.
The whole valley was flooded; and at Millport and other places
the people were obliged to flee for their lives.

4 Among the early settlers were E. Mallary and son, Eli and
David Banks, and families named Meeker, Baldwin, and Parsons,
from Conn.; Theodore Valleau, D. Shaffer, N. Botsford, and B.
Lockesby, from Penn. Daniel Parsons kept the first inn, on the
middle road, and E. Crandell the first store, at Millport. The
first sawmill was erected by G. Bennett, on Catharine Creek,
below Millport.

8 The census reports 3 churches; 2 M. E. and Presb.


1

James Van Etten, John and David Hill, Isaac and Levi Decker,

2

Sam’l, James, Daniel, and Joshua Westbrook, John Lattimore,
Johnson, and Crammer, all from Pelaware Kiver, set¬
tled on the Cayuta Flats, at and near Van Ettenvilie, from 1795
to 1800. Harmon White, (from Litchfield, Conn.,) David Jayne
and Gabriel Ogden, (from N. J.,) settled, in 1802, on a branch of

3

Cayuta Creek. Most of these persons served as soldiers during the

4

Devolution. James Van Etten and Isaac Decker were wounded


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