Gazetteer of New York, 1860 & 1861 page 126
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126    NEW    YORK    STATE    GAZETTEER.

designate such academies as shall receive aid in establishing classes for instructing teachers of
common schools; conduct exchanges of books and documents with other States and countries;
maintain a system of meteorological observations at certain academies; and make full reports
annually to the Legislature upon the condition of the colleges and academies of the State, the State
Library, and the Cabinet of Natural History.

The officers of the Regents are, a chancellor, vice-chancellor, and secretary. They appoint a
librarian and assistants to the State Library, and a curator to the State Cabinet. Six members
form a quorum for the transaction of business. Their annual meeting is held on the first Thurs¬
day of January, in the Senate chamber, and is adjourned for short periods during the session of the
Legislature. Most colleges report annually to the Regents, but are not uniformly subject to visita¬
tion, nor do they share in the income of the Literature Fund. They have generally been assisted
by grants of land or money from the State.

Colleges and Academies are entrusted to boards of trustees) who possess the usual
powers of corporations, and usually fill all vacancies occurring in their number.1 They appoint
professors and instructors, and remove them at pleasure, unless employed by special agreement.
All degrees in colleges, whether honorary or in due course of study, are conferred by the trustees.

By an act passed April 12, 1853, the Regents were required to establish general rules under
which colleges, universities, and academies might claim incorporation, subject to such limitations
and restrictions as might be prescribed by law, or which, by the Regents, might be deemed proper ;
and institutions thus formed should possess, in addition to the powers thus vested in them, the
general powers of a corporation, under the Revised Statutes of this State. The trustees of academies



1 Genesee College, N. Y. Agricultural College, People’s College,
University of Buffalo, and University of the City of N. Y., are
owned by shareholders, who elect trustees, or officers analogous,
for stated terms. The principal State officers are
ex officio trus¬
tees of Union College; and the Mayor and Recorder of cities
are, in some cases, trustees of medical colleges. The principal
facts concerning colleges and professional schools may he classed
as follows:—


Literary and Medical Colleges.

Name.

Location.

Rate of Charter.

Sow Incor¬
porated.

Remarks.

Alfred University.............

Alfred

Mar.

28,1857

Law

Seventh-day Bap., 33 trustees.

Columbia College..............

New York

Oct.

31,1754

Patent

Prot. E., 24 trustees. Formerly King’s College.

Elmira Female College......

Elmira

April

13,1855

Law

Changed from Elmira Collegiate Institute.

Genesee College................

Lima

Feb.

27,1849

Law

Meth. E., 28 to 30 trustees, elected for 5 years by
classes.

Hamilton College..............

Clinton

May

26,1812

Regents

N. S. Presb., 24 trustees. Changed from Hamilton

Hobart Free College..........

Geneva

April

5,1824

Regents

Oneida Academy.

Prot. E., 24 trustees. Originally Medical Dep. con¬

Ingham University..........

Le Roy

April

3,1857

Law

nected. Changed from Geneva College, April 10,
1852.

N. S. Presb., 24 trustees. Changed from Ingham j

Madison University...........

Hamilton

Mar.

26,1846

Law

Collegiate Institute. j
Bap., 27 trustees. Theological Depart, connected; I

N. Y. Central College Assoc.

McGrawville

April

17,1851

Law

Located on a farm. Students not excluded on ae- i
count of sex or color. I
10 trustees. In course of erection. See
Ovid.

N. Y. State Agric’l College

Ovid

April

15,1853

Law

People’s College0...............

Havana

April

12,1853

Law

24 trustees. In course of erection. Capital, $250,000,

St. John’s College.............

Fordham

April

10,1840

Law

R. C., 9 trustees. Theological Depart, connected.

St. Lawrence University...

Canton

April

3,1856

Law

Universalist, 25 trustees. Theological Department

Troy University................

Troy

April

12,1855

Regents

connected. In course of organization.
Methodist E., 64 trustees. Charter conditioned to

Union College..................

Schenectady

Feb.

25,1795

Regents

$100,000, which is obtained. Organized.

15 trustees, besides those ex officio. Changed from
Schenectady Academy.

Law Department only organized.

University of Albany.........

Albany

April

17,1851

Law

Univ. of the City of N. Y....

New York

April

18,1831

Law

32 trustees. Medical Department connected.

University of Rochester.....

Rochester

May

8,1846

Law

Bap., 20 trustees. Theological Depart, connected.

University of Buffalo.........

Buffalo

May

11,1846

Law

Medical Department only organized.

Albany Medical College6 ...

Albany

Feb.

16,1839

Law

College of Pharmacy of City
of New York.................

New York

April

25,1831

Law

For education of druggists. Does not report.

College of Physicians and
Surgeons of N. Y...........

New York

Mar.

10,1807

Regents.

Medical Inst, of Geneva Coll.

Geneva

April

8,1835

Trusts, of

Metropolitan Medical Coll.,®

New York

Mar.

27,1857

G. Coll.
Law.

New York MediGal College,

New York

1850

Law

Mayor and Recorder ex officio trustees.

Univ. of Buffalo, Med. Dep.,<*

Buffalo

May

11,1846

Law

Medical Dep. only one organized. Full univ, charter.

University, of the City of
New York, Med. Dep A...

New York

Feb.

1,1837

Law.

° Trustees elected for 6 years. Students and teachers expected
to labor from 10 to 20 hours each week. Located on a farm of
200 acres.

6 Mayor and Recorder of Albany ex officio trustees. Building
erected for Lancasterian school, and leased by the city at a
nominal rent.

0 A college of similar name, incorp. March 28,1827, did not
organize. See
Regents Report, 1858, p. 168.

a Capital limited to $100,000. Proprietors elect council of 16
for 4 years, besides which each department elects one to the
council to hold at their pleasure.

* The council of the University of the City of New York con¬
sists of 32 shareholders elected for 4 years, besides the Mayor of
New York and 4 of the Common Council designated for the
purpose.



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