Gazetteer of New York, 1860 & 1861 page 066
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RAIL ROADS.

The first rail road in the State, and the second in the U. S., was opened from All any to
Schenectady in 1831. Although rudely constructed, at great and much needless expense, the
advantages of this means of communication became so apparent that within 3 years rail roads,
duly chartered by law, were projected in every part of the State.1 These early grants were gene¬
rally limited to 50 years, and work was required to be commenced within 3 years, the State being
allowed to become purchaser at the expiration of the charter. The charters contained the neces¬
sary provisions for the taking of property by appraisements, named the commissioners for opening
subscriptions, and sometimes for locating and surveying the road, which in a few instances was
done at the expense of the State.

At an early period the aid of the General Government was solicited, in view of the utility of these
roads in the transportation of the mails, and, in case of war, of military supplies; but, with the
exception of surveys made in two instances, no aid was obtained from this source. The State has

1 Albany, Vermont, & Canada Rail Road, for¬
merly the Albany Northern It. R. Company organized
Feb. 12,1851. Connects Albany and Eagle Bridge. Road
opened through about the 1st of July, 1853. It was sold
under foreclosure of mortgage Oct. 16, 1856, and assumed
its present name Nov. 7, following.

Albany, Vermont, and Canada Rail Road.

Stations and Distances.

Stations.

Distances in Miles.

Between

Stations.

From

Albany.

From

EagleB’dg.

Albany......_....................

0

0

33

Cemetery.™.......................

4

4

29

West Troy.......................

2

6

27

Cohoes............................

3

9

24

Waterford.......................

2

11

22

Saratoga Junction............

1

12

21

Schaghtieoke....................

10

22

11

Pittstown........................

1

23

10

Johnsonville....................

3

26

7

Buskirks..........................

5

31

2

Eagle Bridge...................

2

33

0

Albany St> West St.ockbridge Rail Road, for¬
merly Castleton & West Stockbridge R. R. Company or¬
ganized April 19,1830, but nothing was done under the first
name. Present name assumed May 5,1836. Road opened
from Greenbush to Chatham Dec. 21,1841, and to the State
line Sept. 12,1842. It was leased to the Western (Mass.)
R. R. Nov. 18,1841, for the term of its charter; and has
since been operated as a part of that road, including the
ferry at Albany. The city of Albany, at different times,
issued its bonds for $
1,000,000, to aid in building the road,
the lessees paying the interest and $
10,000 annually toward
the sinking fund. It connects Albany with Springfield and
Boston.

•    Western    Rail    Road.

Stations and Distances.

Stations.

Distances in Miles.

Between

Stations.

From

Albany.

From

Boston.

Albany...........................

0

0

200

Greenjush.......................

1

1

199

Schodack.........................

7

8

192

Kinderhook.........................

8

16

184

Chatham Center..............

3

19

181

Chatham Four Corners......

4

23

177

East Chatham..................

5

28

172

Canaan ..........................

5

33

167

State Line.........................

5

38

162

Pittsfield, Mass...............

11

49

151

Springfield, “ ..............

53

102

98

Worcester, “ .—.........

54

156

44

Boston, “ ..............

44

200

0

Atlantic &> Great Western Rail Road Co. was

formed Dec. 9,1858. The line extends from the New York
& Erie R. R. at Little Valley to the s. line of Chautauqua
county.

66

Attica <6 Hornellsville Rail Road. Company incorporated May
14,1845; capital $750,000. Time extended April 11,1849.
Other roads allowed to take stock April 9,1851. Capital in¬
creased and company allowed to purchase the Buffalo &
Rochester R. R., froiMKVttica to Buffalo, and to change its
name March 3, 185w Name changed to Buffalo & New
York City R. R., April 16,1851.    t

Black River & Utica Rail Road. Company
formed Jan. 29,1853. Road opened to Trenton Jan. 1,1855,
and to Boonville Dec. 18,1855. The city of Utica has is¬
sued its bonds for $250,000, to aid in the construction of the
road. It is designed to connect Utica and Clayton.

Black River <& Vlica Rail Road.

Stations and Distances. (Official.)

Stations.

Distances in Miles.

Between

Stations.

. From
Utica.

From

Boonville.

Utica...............................

0

0

35

Marcy___________________________

6

6

29

Floyd Road.....................

2

8

27

Stittsville.......v................

2

10

25

Holland Patent..................

2

12

23

Trenton...............................

4

16

19

Trenton Falls....................

lj

17i

17$

Prospect..............................

1

18*

16|

Remsen...........................

2$

21

14

Alder Creek.....................

7

28

7

Boonville........................

’ 7

35

0

Blossburg & Corning Rail Road, formerly the
Corning & Blossburg R. R., and previously the Tioga Coal,
Iron Mining,
& Manufacturing Co. R. R. Was leased for a
term of years to the Tioga (Pa.) R. R. Co. In 1854 it was
sold for $250,000, subject to a mortgage of $245,000 and a
ten years lease to the Tioga Co. It is operated at present
by the lessees.

* Blossburg and Corning Railroad.

Distances in Miles.

Stations.

Between

Stations.

From

Corning.

Jgrom

Zawrencev.

0

0

36

84

84

274

124

23.

15

15

36

0

Brooklyn City Rail Road. Company formed Dec. 16,

1853. Opened as follows:

Flushing Avenue Route. Fulton St. to Throop

Avenue in.......................................... July*    1854

Fulton Avenue Route. Ferry to Washington

Avenue in............................................ July,    1854

Myrtle Avenue Route. Fulton St. to Nortram

Avenue in.......................................... July,    1864

Greenwood Route. Fulton St. to Gowanus Creek

in...................................................... Aug.    1854

Washington Avenue to Brooklyn Avenue in  Sept.    1854

Kent Avenue to Bushwick Creek in................. Oct.    1854

Gowanus Creek-to 36th St. in......................... Nov.    1854

Nortram Avenue to Division Avenue in.........Nov,    1S54








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