Gazetteer of New York, 1860 & 1861 page 055
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IjOtius for construction, at sundry times, secured
by State stocks. The avails for Erie and Cham¬
plain Canals, up to Sept. 30, 1S58, amounted to $8,271,831.00

CANALS.    55

Reports are annually made to the Legislature by the heads of the various Canal Departments
concerning every thing pertaining to the Canal interests. These reports, embodying voluminous
details and summaries, are printed, and are easily accessible to all
.1


Loans for enlargement, &C................................ 11,828,000.00

Loans for deficiencies............:........................... 10,203,844.10

Loans for enlargement and completion............  10,500,000.00

Canal revenue certificates.................................. 1,512,390.75

Temporary loans.............................................. 1,700,000.00

Tolls  ..............     64,429.475.41

Tax (1844, ’45, ’46, ’47,1854, ’55, ’56, ’57, ’58)....... •    2,936,623,21

Bale of lands for benefit of canals, viz.: 102,635
acres in Cattaraugus co., given by the Holland
Land Co.; 3,000 acres, by John Hornb'y; 1,000
acres, by Gideon Granger; Grand - Island,
(17,3811-5 acres,)and 8 small islands, (502| acres.)
given by the State’ for benefit of canals; and a
tract of land on Wood Creek, bought with the

rights of the Western Inland Lock N. Co  ...107,430.18

Interest on investment and deposits.................. 3,157,860.60

Surplus tolls, from lateral canals....................... 1,010,731.43

Miscellaneous................................................... 1,101,123.43

Total receipts Erie and Champlain Canals...........123,043,734.84

Receipts upon all the State canals.....................143,607,002.91

Total payments upon the Erie and Champlain

Canals  ....................................................................

Total payments upon all the State canals............141,627,845.85

The total premiums upon loans amounted to  $2,298,744.12

The total discount upon loans amounted to .........    290,508.04

Special loans were made for most of the lateral canals. A
tract of land from the Onondaga Salt Springs Reservation was
sold for the benefit of the Oswego Canal Fund, and amounted to
$160,000-. Stock in the Western Inland Lock Navigation Co,
amounting to $92,000, was canceled for the benefit of the canals,
and the interests of individuals in tiiat work were canceled by
purchase. The amount appraised was $152,718.52.

The Constitution provides ( Art. VII) that, after paying tho
expenses of collection, superintendence, and repairs, the sum
of $1,300,000, and after 1855, $1,709,000, shall be applied annu¬
ally, from the revenues of the canals, to a sinking fund, to pay
the canal debt. In,1857, the surplus receipts of tolls failed, for
the first time since 1846, to meet this, and it became necessary
to raise by direct tax the money required to pay interest on the
stock. The clause in the Constitution prohibiting the creation
of a debt for any public work, without imposing a direct tax
for its payment and a submission to the popular vote, Wf0sus¬
pended by an amendment adopted Feb. 14,1854, to allow of tlie
raising of $9,000,000, by the issue of State stock, for the more
speedy enlargement and completion of the canals. A measure
was introduced in the Legislature of 1859, for the loan of a fur¬
ther sum for this object, and the submission of the question to
the decision of a popular vote.


1 SUMMARIES OF THE PRINCIPAL REPORTS.

Amount and value of property moved, and miles run, on all the State Canals, since 1835.

Estimated vat.de op pro¬

Miles run in each year

perty TO AND PROM OTHER

Cleared at

Total num¬

BY ALL THE BOATS.

States, via Buffalo,
Black Rock, Tona-

Total value of

Cleared at Mew

Buffalo,

Cleared at

ber of tons

wAivna. Avn Oswego.

property moved

York, Albany,

Black Rock,

all oilier offi¬

moved on

£

on all the car

and West Troy.

and Tona-

ces.

all the ca¬

Packets.

Freight

boats.

Products
coming from,.

Merchandise
going to.

nals.

wanda.

nals.

1836

$5,493,816

$9,723,250

$67,634,343

..................

1,310,807

1837

4,813,626

6,322,750

55 809,288

$25,784,147

""$3,286,128

”$18,650^601'

1,171,298

""405,050"

5.556,950

1838

6,369,645

8,657,250

65,746,559

33,062,858

4,854,927

19,209.858

1,333,011

400.250

5,126,800

1839

7,258,968

10.259,100

73,399,764

40,094.302

5,222.756

18,854,427

1,435.713

290.900

5.785,850

1840

7,877,358

7,057,600

66.403,892

36,398,039

6,200,829

15.204.936

1,417,046

258.880

5,952,300

1841

11,889,273

11,174.400

92 202,929’

56,798,447

9,607,924

16.376,503

1,521,661

322.860

7,103,580

1842

9,215,808

7,218,900

60.016,608

32,314,998

7,541,793

12,466,736

1,236,931

354,300

6,173,200

6,586,700

1843

11,937,943

13,067.250-

76,276.909

42,258,488

9,732,616

13,288,470.

1,513,439

381,820

1844

15,875,558

14.845,250

90,921,152

53,142,403

55,453,998

9,561,146

15,822,504

1,816.586

427,740

•7,841,750

1845

14,162,239

17,366,300

100,629,859

10.351,749

19,248,224

2.977^565

420,540

7,924,250

1840

20,471.939

20,415,500

115,612,109

64.628,474

15,819314

18.815,639

2,268,662

414,340

9,065,450

1847

32,666,324

27,298,800

151.563,428

77,878,766

28,503,745

23.518,9’27

2,869.810

443.080

11,733.250

1848

23,245,353

26.713,796

30,553,920

140,086,157

77,477,781

19,621.700

11.544,421

2,796,230

542,300

9,633.850

1849

31,793,400

144.732,285

78,481,941

20,647.562

22,238,010

2,894,732

305.760

10,153,350

1850

25,539,605

41,272,491

156.397,929

74,826^999

20,991.462

31,335.526

8,076,617

343,475

10.718,100

1851

27,007,142

63,659.440

159,881,801

80,739,899

24,543,286

31,784,847

3,582,733

206,150

11,926,950

1852

37,041,380

79,127,640

196,603,517

121,087,312

25,674,776

22.219,056

3.863,441

71.725

12,306,950

1853

42,367,564

94,230,720

207,179.570

116,185,331

28,866,951

27.629,827

4,247,852

40,650

12,327,050

1854

39,346,283

83,476,440

210,284,312

116,772,966

29,745.555

30.613,260

4,165,862

24,675

11,244.200

1855

43,555.243

79,879,680

204,390,147

113,443:863

31,403,640

24.906,992

4,022,617

28,875

9,67L450

1856

38,043,813

26,466,121

60,064,680

218.327,062

134,131:707

22,873,866

2L749,502

4,116,082

21,175

9,656,700

1857

42,525,360

136.997,018

71,016,241

17,567,181

15,470,217

3,344,061

16.950

7,374,850

7,886,100

1858

36,182,405

27,680,400

138,568,844

’57,983,123

25,039,901

20.570,577

3,665,192

18,725

Tot.

$513,541,202

$793,670,521

$2,929,665,482

$1,559,962,083

$377,659,507

$451,519,063

59,647,996

5,746,220

191,739,630

Total amount per cent., and averages of different classes.

Classes.

Total for Twenty-Three
Years.

Percentage

OF EACH.

Averages for periods of Seven Years.

From 1836 to 1842,

From 1843 to 1849.

From 1850 tp 1856.

Tons.

Value.

Tons.

Value.

Tons..

Value.

Tons.

Value.

Tons.

Value.

Products of forest

Agriculture........

Manuiiictures.....

Merchandise......

Other articles.....

Total..............

' 24,516,913
17,238.941
4,086.894
5,233,933
8,571,265

$207,472,053

321,768,110

167,860,314

1,594,938,801

137,726,204

41.11

28.89

6.85

8.78

14.37

7.08

28.05

5.73

54.44

4.70

634,922

306,004

101,610

119,108

184,992

$7,133,875

18,400,404

5.750.494

34.687.389

2,772,607

947,120

765,948

165,912

189,170

237,139

$7,200,900

36,326,168

■6,825.363

61,888^015

4,876,878

1,549,378

1,098,289

240,790

380,654

598,775

$12,619,591

51,083,488

8,720,900

111.862,964

9,007,96

59,647,946

$2,929,765,482

100.00

100.00

1.346,636

$68,744,769

2,305,289

$117,117,411

3,867,886

$193,294,905


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