Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 673

Click on the image for a larger version suitable for printing.


Page 672 ...Page 674

Note: Ctrl and + increases the font size of the text below, Ctrl and - decreases it, and Ctrl and 0 resets it to default size.


of the rushing waters. This passage was former-
ly somewhat dangerous, being without the iron
chain which now protects it, and has obtained a
melancholy notoriety from the loss of two inter-
esting young females, who fell, a few years ago,
from the narrow ledge above the cascades into
the boiling stream below', and were seen no


This mountain is situated in the N. W. part
of Princeton. It rears its conical head 2018
feet above Massachusetts Bay. The base is cov-
ered with a heavy growth of wood, which dwin-
dles to mere shrubbery as you approach the
summit, giving the mountain, when seen from
a distance, an exceedingly beautiful appearance.
The hand of art could hardly have shorn its
sides to more exactness than nature has dis-
played in proportioning the growth of wood to
the ascent. The prospect from this mountain,
on a clear summer morning, is delightful in the
extreme. To the observer from its top, the
whole state lies spread out like a map. On the
one hand is visible the harbor of Boston ; on the
other the Monadnoclc is seen rearing its bald and
broken summit to the clouds; w'hile the Hoosic
and Green Mts. fade away in the distance, and
mingle with the blue horizon. The numerous
and beautiful villages, with their churches and
spires, scattered thickly in all directions, give a
charm to the scene. This is the most lofty sum-
mit in the state E. of Connecticut Biver.

This mountain was much resorted to by the
native Indians, and tradition says, in many in-
stances, for the purpose of discovering the loca-
tion of the early settlers by means of the smoke
of their fires. The roads to its base are so good,
and its ascent not difficult, that it is now much
visited during the summer months.

A very large and commodious hotel has re-
cently been erected, which affords agreeable en-
tertainment to its numerous visitors. The moun-
tain is easily approached by railroads to within
a few miles of its base. Distance from Boston,
52 miles W.


This is among the oldest of the watering-
places in this part of the country. It is situated
in Bath co., about 40 miles N. of the White
Sulphur Springs. The water, which is very
transparent, has a temperature of 98° Fahrenheit.
The accommodations for entertainment and for
bathing here are excellent.


Situated in Buncombe co., on the E. bank of
the French Broad River, about 37 miles N. W.
from Asheville, and W. from Raleigh 294 miles.
These springs have a most romantic locality, on
the road leading through the Swannanoa Gap,
in the mountains of the Blue Ridge. The above-
named river finds here its course through this
gap in the mountains, which is so narrow and
so closely shut up on both sides, much of the
way, as scarcely to afford space for a road to be
constructed on the river's bank. Yet here has
been built a fine macadamized road, following
the course of the river, and having its founda-
tions in many places supported by walls or piers
resting on the river's bed. It is a work well
worthy of the attention and admiration of the
traveller, as a fine monument of the triumph of
human enterprise over the obstacles of nature.
The scenery on this road is wild, rugged, and
picturesque in a high degree.

In the course through this romantic pass oc-
curs a beautiful plateau, upon the left or S. bank
of the river, formed by a recess in the highlands,
in the midst of which are these springs, which
afford a very delightful watering-place, much
resorted to by invalids and by the seekers of
pleasure from this and the neighboring states.
The main building erected for the accommoda-
tion of visitors is of brick, 280 feet in length,
with a piazza on the entire front, supported by
13 large columns. The edifice is surrounded by
charming pleasure grounds and gardens. The
climate of this delightful spot is one of the most
salubrious in the world, a visit to it, as ha been
said, “insuring health and vigor to the debili-
tated, its crystal waters, pure air, and exercise
among the mountains dispelling all traces of
dyspepsia and ennui.''

Below' the springs, by the course of the river,
in the vicinity of the road, is the celebrated
Painted Rock, w'hich is a lofty wall from 200 to
300 feet high, stained of a yellow color, by the
w'ater oozing through its crevices from beds of
clay, and bringing with it, perhaps, some ochre,
or other mineral substance.


This is considered as one of the most beautiful
caverns in the world. It extends about 2500
feet in length, and is divided into a number of
apartments, differing in size and in the beauty of
their decorations. Some of the most extensive
have received the names of “ Washington Hall,''
“ Congress Hall,'' “ Solomon's Temple,'' “ Or-
gan Room,'' “ Deacon's Room,'' &c. The walls
consist of the most beautiful crystallized carbon-
ate of lime, or calcareous spar. That which gives
this cavern such a peculiar splendor is the great
variety in form and color of the crystals with
which its walls and ceilings are adorned, as they
reflect the light of the torches with which these
subterranean recesses are explored. Some of
the apartments seem to be furnished, as it were,
by the upholsterer, w'ith hangings of rich and
graceful drapery, formed by thin sheets of the
same kind of incrustation; and from the lofty
roof of one of the halls there is a sheet of this
description which appears as if floating in the
air, to which the appellation of “ Elijah's Man-
tle '' has been given.

The person who has the charge of this cave
gives every requisite attention to the accommo-
dation of visitors. It lies 17 miles N. E. from


A pleasant place of summer resort, in the town
of Wells, 8 or 10 miles E. of the station for that
place, on the Eastern Railroad. The facilities
for sea bathing, sailing, fishing, and riding, upon
the beach, are fine. The village is near the water,
affording abundant accommodations to visitors,
at reasonable rates for board.


These mountains are situated in the county of
Coos, in the N. part of the state. They extend
about 20 miles, from S. W. to N. E., and are the
more elevated parts of a range extending many

This page is written in HTML using a program written in Python 3.2, and image-to-HTML-text by ABBYY FineReader 11 Professional Edition.