E. This extensive parish is mostly covered with
pine, with a sterile soil. It is drained by the
Amite, Tickfoha, and Tangipoo Rivers.
St. Helena, La., c. h. St. Helena parish. On
the Tickfoha River. 35 miles N. E. by E. from
St. Iniyoes, Md., St. Mary's co., lies on a small
bay of St. Mary's River. 53 miles S. E. from
St. James Parish, La. This place lies on
both sides of the Mississippi, and is bounded by
St. John E., Amite River N., Ascension W., and
Assumption S. W. For general features and
staples, see St. Bernard.
St. John's County, Fa., c. h. at St. Augustine.
Bounded N. by Duval co., E. by the Atlantic
Ocean, S. by Orange and Marion counties, and
W. by Alachua co. Watered by St. John's and
North Rivers. Much of the land is fertile, pro-
ducing cotton, maize, and sugar cane, beside many
St. John Baptiste Parish, La., c. h. at Bonnet
Carre. Situated above St. Charles and St. James,
on both sides of the Mississippi River. For gen-
eral features and staples, see St. Bernard.
St. Johnshury, Vt., Caledonia co. The Passump-
sic River runs through this town, and receives,
just below the plain, the Moose River from the
N. E., and Sleeper's River from the N. W. The
amount of available water power furnished by
these streams exceeds that of any other town in
this part of the state, and affords facilities for man-
ufacturing operations to any desirable amount.
There are in this town a number of handsome
villages. The village called the Plain is of su-
perior beauty, and contains an excellent academy.
The soil is rich and productive ; the surface un-
even and sometfhat hilly, though not broken;
and the farms are in a high state of cultivation.
On the Passumpsic Railroad, 61 miles N. from
the White River, and 37 N. E. from Montpelier.
St. Johnshury presents a tine specimen of Yan-
kee industry and perseverance in the enterprize
of the Messrs. Fairbanks, in the manufacture of
their celebrated platform scales. Although shut
up in a cold region, amid the craggy mountains
of the north, and hitherto a three days' toilsome
journey to any Atlantic city, this mountain town
has sent forth, throughout our whole country and
to foreign lands, articles of manufacture which
would vie in workmanship and utility with any
of those produced in Europe.
Until the present day, the location of our cities
and trading towns have been selected for their
proximity to the ocean, or situated on some nav-
igable stream. Now the great considerations are.
in the choice of a location. Does the place pos-
sess a good hydraulic power ? Is it situated in a
fertile and healthy country ? Does the monarch
carrier pass that wav'? These three things at-
tained, St. Johnsbury, like many other places
similarly situated, throws into the shade many
large towns, whose sites were selected solely for
being situated on the banks of some shallow
river, or at the head of some navigable creek.
The giant power which unites the business
communities of states and distant countries, as
it were, by magic, will take the burden of a
ship's cargo and 500 passengers from Boston to
St. Johnsbury, 170 miles, in less time than it
takes the swiftest steamer to pass from Albany
to New York, a distance of 145 miles, and that
in any day of any season in the year.
St. Joseph's County, la., c. h. at South Bend.
Bounded N. by Michigan, E. bv Elkhart co., S.
by Marshall and Stark, and W. by Laporte co.
Watered by St. Joseph's, Kankakee, and some
other rivers, affording good hydraulic power.
The surface is level, having some fine prairies on
the S., and the soil fertile.
St. Joseph, La., c. h. Tensas parish.
St. Joseph's County, Mn., c. h. at Centreville. This
county was incorporated in 1829, and is bounded
N. by Kalamazoo co., E. by Branch co., S. by
Indiana, and W. by Cass co. Drained by St.
Joseph's, Prairie, Portage, Rockv, and Pigeon
Rivers. Surface undulating; soil of excellent
St. Joseph, Mn., Berrien co. This important
town is located on the E. border of Lake Michi-
gan, at the junction of St. Joseph and Pawpaw
Rivers, and 195 miles AV. by S. from Detroit.
St. Landre Parish, La., c. h. at Opelousas.
Bounded N. by Rapides and Avoyelles parishes,
E. by Point Coupee, Iberville, and St. Martin's.
S. by Lafayette and Vermilion, and W. by Cal-
casieu parish. The Atchafalaya Bayou runs on
the E., and Bayou Nez Pique on the AV. boundary.
It is also watered by Teche and Vermilion Riv-
ers. The surface and soil are diversified.
St. Landre, or Opelousas, La., c. h. St. Landre
parish. The streets are laid out at right angles.
The country is level, pleasant and healthy. AVater
is generally found only in wells: springs are rare,
but the water is excellent, cool, and light. St
Landre is situated between two bodies of
woods, in a prairie on a small stream, which
forms part of the sources of both Teche and Ver-
milion Rivers, the Bayou Fasillice entering
Teche, and the other, Bayou Bourbee, forming the
head of Vermilion. This town is distant 3 miles
S. AV. of its port, Bayou Carron.
St. Lawrence County, N. Y., c. h. at Canton.
Lying in the N. W. part of the state, on the River
St. Lawrence, which separates it from Canada.
This county has the largest amount of territory
by 1000 square miles than that of any other
county in the state. The surface, for a distance
of 30 or 40 miles back from the river, is agreea-
bly diversified with gentle elevations, broad val-
leys, and extensive tracts of champaign. The
soil is equally rich and productive with that of
any of the uplands in the state. The south-east-
ern part of the count}' is mountainous, being in
part covered with the Adirondack Mountains.
Most of this part of the county is but sparsely
settled. These mountains abound with iron ore.
The principal streams, all having a northerly
course to the St. Lawrence, are the St. Regis,
Racket, Grass, Oswegatchie, and Indian Rivers.
They afford some inland navigation, and a great
amount of water power not yet occupied. A
natural canal from 30 to 80 yards wide, and
about 6 miles in length, unites the waters of the
Oswegatchie and Grass Rivers, in the town of
Canton. This canal or creek is navigable for
boats. There are several small lakes in the
county, the largest of which is Black Lake. (See
p. 172.) Lead ore is obtained in large quantities
near the village of Rossie. Marble of superior
quality is also found in abundance. The Og-
densburg Railroad passes across the northern
section of this county, forming a part of a con-
tinuous railroad route from Ogdensburg to Bos-
ton. This, with the commerce of the St. Law-
rence, will contribute to the rapid development