pack Creek and Saw Mill Run flow through
this town, affording water power. Surface gently
uneven ; soil sandy loam.
Lower Macunyy, Pa., Lehigh co Surface level;
soil calcareous loam.
Lower Mahantango, Pa., Schuylkill co. Deep
and Swatara Creeks water this town, which is
crossed by Broad and Sharp's Mountains. Soil
red shale, and fertile in the valleys. Anthracite
coal exists here. 55 miles N. E. from Harris-
Lower Makefield, Pa., Bucks co. Bounded on
the E. by Delaware River. Surface undulating;
soil clay and sandy loam.
Lower Merion, Pa., Montgomery co. Schuyl-
kill River and Mill and Cobh's Creeks water this
town, which has an undulating surface and rich,
loamy soil. It lies 93 miles E. from Harrisburg.
Lower Nazareth, Pa., Northampton co. Wa-
tered by Manookisy Creek. Surface level; soil
Lower Oxford, Pa., Chester co. Drained by
branches of Octarara and Elk Creeks. Surface
somewhat uneven ; soil loam.
Lower Paxton, Pa., Dauphin co. Beaver and
Paxton's Creeks water this town, and Blue
Mountain lies on its N. border. 6 miles N. E.
Lower Providence, Pa.. Montgomery co. Per-
kiomen Creek, on the borders of which lead is
found, and Shippack Creek, wtger this town.
Surface hilly; soil red shale.
Lower Salford, Pa., Montgomery co. Watered
by branches of Perkiomen and Shippack Creeks.
Surface undulating; soil loam and red shale.
Lower Saucon, Pa., Northampton co. Watered
by Lehigh River and Saucon Creek and branches.
Surface hilly; soil gravel and calcareous loam.
99 miles E. N. E. from Harrisburg.
Lower St. Clair, Pa., Alleghany co. Bounded
on the N. by Monongahela and Ohio Rivers, and
drained by Chartier's Creek and Saw Mill River.
Surface hilly ; soil loam. Coal is abundant.
Lower Swatara, Pa., Dauphin co. Bounded
S. W. by the Susquehanna River, and drained
by Spring and other creeks. Surface hilly; soil
slate and calcareous loam. 5 miles S. E. from
Low Hill, Pa., Lehigh co. Surface hilly; soil
gravel. 88 miles E. N. E. from Harrisburg.
Lowndes County, Aa., c. h. at Haynesville. It
is hounded N. by Alabama River, separating it
from Autauga co., E. by Montgomery and Pike
counties, S. by Butler, and W. by Wilcox and
Dallas counties. Drained by branches of Ala-
Lowndes County, Ga., c. h. at Troupsville. It
is bounded N. by Irwin co., E. by Ware, S. by
Indiana, and W. by Thomas and Baker counties.
Alapaha and Withlacoochee Rivers, branches of
the Suwannee, flow through this county.
Lowndes County, Mi., c. h. at Columbus. It is
bounded N. by Monroe co., E. by Alabama, S.
by Noxubee, and W. by Oktibbeha co. Wa-
tered by Tombigbee River and branches. Sur-
face undulating; soil productive.
Lowville, N. Y., Lewis co. On the W. side of
Black River. Surface rolling; soil good, and,
on the banks of the river, very fertile. 7 miles N.
from Martinsburg, and 132 N. W. from Albany.
Lubec, Me., Washington co. In the N. E. cor-
ner of the state, at the entrance of Passama-
quoddy Bay. It has an excellent harbor, easy
of access, and never obstructed by ice. The
principal village occupies a point of land jutting
into the harbor, and makes a fine appearance.
It is largely engaged in navigation, and has a
thriving business. 3 miles S. from Eastport, 31
S. E. from Calais, and 173 E. by N. from Augusta.
Lucas County, Io., c. h. at Chariton. Southern
Lucas County, 0., c. h. at Maumee City. Sit-
uated in the N. W. part of the state, having
the Maumee River for its S. E. boundary, and
for its N. boundary the state line, dividing it
from Michigan. It has been recently constituted
a county, being a part of the former territory of
Wood and Henry counties. The surface is gen-
erally level, a portion of it covered by the Black
Swamp, and a portion of the northern part dry
and sandy. In this county, not far from the
present locality of Maumee City, was fought,
August 20, 1794, the Battle of the Fallen Tim-
bers,'' in which the Americans, under General
Wayne and General Scott, gained an important
victory over the Indians, assisted by Canadian
militia and volunteers. This part of the Mau-
mee valley was also the theatre of important
operations in the war of 1812. This county is
at present but sparsely settled, but is destined, at
no distant day, to become populous and wealthy.
Ludlow, Ms., Hampden co. This was formerly
a part of Springfield, and called Stony Hill.
The town is watered by branches of Chicopee
River, and by that river itself, at the S. part of
the town, where is situated a flourishing manu-
facturing village. The surface of the town is
pleasant, with some elevations on its eastern
section. The soil is good and productive. The
North Wilbraham depot, on the Western Rail-
road, is near the village in Ludlow. 9 miles
from Springfield, and 89 from Boston.
Ludlow, Yt., Windsor co. Black River passes
through the centre of the town, and has many valu-
able mill sites. In the upper part of its course it
widens into 4 large basins, the largest in Ludlow
being nearly circular, and 1 mile in diameter,
known as the Ludlow and Plymouth Ponds. In
the N. W. corner of the town is the Tinev Pond,''
several hundred feet above the level of the river,
and nearly half a mile in diameter. There is
another large collection of water in the western
part of the town, and several extensive bogs upon
both sides of the river. The soil upon the river
is alluvial, and throughout the town is fertile.
The prevailing rock is mica slate. The settle-
ment was commenced in 1784-5, by emigrants
from Massachusetts. 61 miles S. from Montpe-
lier, and 18 S. W. from Windsor.
Ludlowville, N. Y., Tompkins co. On Salmon
Creek, which has a fall of nearly 100 feet at this
place. W. by S. from Albany 172 miles.
Lumberland, N. Y., Sullivan co. Bounded on
the S. W. by the Delaware River, and watered by
Mongoup River and several other tributaries ox
the Delaware. The surface-is hilly, and heavily
timbered; soil gravelly loam. 12 miles S. W.
from Monticello, and 125 from Albany.
Lumberton, N. C., c. h. Robeson co. On the E.
bank of Lumber River. 91 miles S. by W. from
Lumpkin County, Ga., c. h. at Dahlonega. It
is bounded N. by Union, E. by Habersham and
Hall, S. by Forsyth, and W. by Cherokee and
Gilmer counties. Watered by Etbwah and Ches-
tatee Rivers and branches. Surface hilly; soil