Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 335

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its medicinal properties, is situated on the hank
of Little Suwanee River. It is 60 feet across,
and 35 or 40 deep. The soil is mostly poor.

Columbia County, Ga, c. h. at Applington. E.
central. Bordering on the Savannah. It has
an undulating surface and rich soil.

Columbia, Ky., c. h. Adair co.

Columbia, La., c. h. Caldwell co. 273 miles N.
W. from New Orleans.

Columbia, Me., Washington co. At the head
of tide water on the W. side of Pleasant River.
120 miles E. by N. from Augusta.

Columbia, Mi., c. h. Marion co. On the E.
bank of Pearl River. 113 miles S. S. E. from

Columbia, Mo., c. h. Boone co.

Columbia, N. C., c. h. Tyrrell co. On the E.
side of Scoupernony Creek, a little E. of its en-
trance into Albemarle Sound, and 200 miles E.
from Raleigh.

Columbia, N. C., c. h. Tyrrell co. 200 miles E.
from Raleigh.

Columbia, N. H., Coos co. This town lies on
the E. bank of Connecticut River. The surface
is uneven, the mountains of Stratford'lying along
the S. Erom these a number of streams descend
into the Connecticut. There are also several
small ponds here; on the borders of one, called
Lime, vast quantities of shells are found, from
, which a species of lime is made. Lime Pond is
100 rods long, 80 wide, and of ah irregular ellip-
tical shape. Its bottom is covered, to the depth
of 6 feet, with white calcareous marl. It was
first granted in 1770. 30 miles N. from Lancas-
ter, and 143 N. from Concord.

Columbia County, N. Y., c. h. at Hudson. On
the E. border S., between the Hudson and the
Massachusetts line. Ivinderhook, Claverack,
Copake, and An cram or Roeliff Jansen's Creeks
water this county. Surface hilly on the E.; soil
greatly diversified. The Hudson and Berkshire
and the Hudson River Railroads cross this county.

Columbia, N. Y., Herkimer co. Some of the
head branches of the Susquehanna and Unadilla
Rivers, and a few small tributaries of the Mohawk,
water this town. The surface is hilly; the soil
sandy and calcareous loam. 75 miles N. W.
from Albany.

Columbia 'City, On., c. h. Clark co.

Columbia County, Pa., c. h. at Danville. N. E.
central. The E. branch of the Susquehanna
River and Big Roaring, Pishing, and Catawissa
Creeks water this county. Surface rough and
uneven; soil productive.

Columbia, Pa. A township of Bradford co.

Columbia, Pa., Lancaster co. On the E. bank
of the Susquehanna River. 30 miles S. E. from
' Harrisburg. It is connected with Havre de
Grace, at the mouth of the Susquehanna, by a
canal, and with Philadelphia by railroad. A
bridge here crosses the Susquehanna, a mile and
390 feet in length, resting on stone piers. An
aqueduct supplies the place with water for do-
mestic and other purposes. The trade with Phil-
adelphia and Baltimore is large in lumber, coal,
iron, &c.

Columbia, S. C. City, capital of the state, and
seat of justice of Richland co. 73 miles N. E.
from Augusta, and 120 miles N. N. W. from
Charleston. Situated on the E. side of the Con-
garee River, immediately below the confluence
of the Broad and Saluda Rivers, which unite to
form the Congaree. The city stands upon an

elevated plain, about a mile back from the river,
from which there is a handsome and extensive
prospect in all directions. It is laid out with
regularity, the streets crossing each other at right
angles, 100 or 150 feet in width, and many of
them ornamented with trees.

The state house, near the centre of the city,
is a plain edifice of wood, 170 feet long, 60 feet
wide, and two stories high. The other public
buildings are a court house and jail, a town hall,
a market house, an academy, and a female sem-
inary, a large lunatic hospital, and churches of
the Presbyterian, Episcopal, Methodist, Bap-
tist, and Roman Catholic denominations. The
edifice of the Presbyterian Church is an elegant
building, with two lofty spires. The buildings
of the South Carolina College, which is situated
here, are handsomely located upon a lot of 25
acres, enclosed by a wall of brick. The build-
ings, which are of brick, consist of two for
students, 200 feet long, 25 feet wide, and three
stories high, a building for the library and other
rooms for the use of the college, upon the top of
which is an astronomical observatory. The
president's house is situated at the head of the
opening between the two college buildings, which
are placed opposite to each other. There is also
a theological seminary at Columbia, founded in

Columbia is a place of considerable business.
A railroad extends to Branchville, 60 miles,
where it connects with the Charleston and Au-
gusta Railroad. A steamboat also plies between
Columbia and Charleston. The Saluda Canal,
about six miles long, built for the purpose of
avoiding the falls in the Congaree, passes through
the city, and boats of large draught ascend to
this place.

Columbia, Te-., c. h. Maury co. On the S. bank
of Duck River. Jackson College is located here.
Colleges.) 42 miles S. S. W. from Nashville.

Columbia, Va., c. li. Eluvanna co. On the N.
bank of James River, at the mouth of the Ri-
vanna, and 50 miles W. N. W. from Richmond.

Columbia County, Wn., c. h. at Decorra. S.
central part. Includes the carrying place from
the water of Eox to the Wisconsin.

Columbiana, Aa., c. h. Shelby co.

Columbiana County, O., New Lisbon, shire town.
Situated in the N. E. section of the state, on the
Pennsylvania state line, having Mahoning co.
on the N., Jefferson co. on the S., and Stark
and Carroll counties on the W. and S. W. It is
30 miles in length from E. to W., and 25 miles
in average breadth from N. to S. A portion of
its S. E. boundary is on the Ohio River, about
40 miles below Pittsburg. The Sandy and Bea-
ver Canal, connecting the Ohio Canal with the
Ohio River, in the direction of Pittsburg, trav-
erses the centre of this county. The railroad
between Cleveland and Pittsburg, Pa., also passes
near to the whole extent of its northern boundary.
Most of the S. part of the county is broken and
hilly, and has a light, but productive soil. The
central and northern parts are more level, and
have a soil which, under good cultivation, yields
the most abundant returns for the labor be-
stowed. Extensive quarries of lime and sand-
stone are found in almost every part of the
county, and the hills and valleys contain inex-
haustible beds of clay and deposits of bitu-
minous coal. The principal streams are the
Little Beaver and its. branches. Owing to its

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