became the capital of the state, no account of the
public buildings can be given at present.
Baton Rouge, East, Parish, La., c. h. at Baton
Rouge. On the E. bank of the Mississippi, be-
tween that river and the Amite. It contains the
first land in ascending the Mississippi which is
elevated above inundation.
Baton Rouge, West, Parish, La., c. h. at West
Baton Rouge. On the W. bank of the Missis-
sippi, between that river and the Atchafalaya
Bayou. Surface level; soil very fertile on the
borders of the streams; the remainder is liable
Battle Creek, Mn., Calhoun co. Situated at the
mouth of Battle Creek, which possesses a great
water power. 12 miles W. from Marshall. The
Northern Michigan Railroad passes through it,
Bayou Chicot, La., c. h. St. Landry. 250 miles
W. N. W. from New Orleans.
Beardstown, Is., Cass co. On the E. side of
Illinois River. 48 m. W. by N. from Springfield.
Beattystown, N. J., Mansfield, Warren co. On
Musconetkong Creek, at the western base of
Schooley's Mountain. 58 miles N. from Tren-
Beaufort County, N. C., c. h. at Washington.
A central county, on both sides of Pamlico
River and Sound. Surface low, and at times
inundated. Cotton and rice are the principal
Beaufort, *N. C., c. h. at Carteret co. Port of
entry, on the Atlantic, 11 miles N. W. from Cape
Lookout. It has an excellent harbor, admitting
vessels requiring 14 feet of water. It is protected
by Fort Macon, on Bogue Point, at the mouth
of the harbor. 168 miles S. E. from Raleigh.
Beaufort District. S. C., c. h. at Coosawatchie.
In the S. angle of the state. Watered in the in-
terior by the Coosawatchie and some other riv-
ers. It embraces Hilton Head, St. Helena, Port
Royal, and several other islands.
Beaufort, S. C., Beaufort co. A port of entry
on Port Royal Island, on the W. bank of Port
Royal River. A bar prevents the entrance of
vessels drawing more than 11 feet. 75 miles S.
W. from Charleston. 146 S. from Columbia.
Beaver County, Pa., c. h. at Beaver. On the
W. border, on both sides of the Ohio and Beaver
Rivers. It has an uneven surface, but a fertile
Beaver, Pa., c. h. Beaver co. On the Ohio
River, at the mouth of Big Beaver River. It
stands on an extensive plain, and is handsomely
Beaver, Pa. A N. W. township of Crawford co.
Beaver, Pa. A S. W. township of Union co.
Beaver Islands, Mn., Michilimackinac co. A
Mormon settlement on the islands of the same
name, in the N. part of Lake Michigan.
Beccaria, Pa. A S. township of Clearfield co.
Becket, Ms., Berkshire co. It is mountainous,
broken, and rocky, but well wooded. The soil
is hard and cold. 15 miles E. S. E. from Lenox,
and 65 E. from Albany.
Bedford, la., c. h. Lawrence co. About 3 miles
N.froin the E.fork of White River, and 71 miles
S. W. from Indianapolis.
Bedford, Ky., c. h. Trimble co. 1 mile from
this village is a mineral spring impregnated with
salts and sulphur, which attracts numerous visit-
ors. 41 miles S. W. by W. from Frankfort.
Bedford, Ms., Middlesex co. The Shawsheen
River rises in this town, and the Concord passes
its W. border. 15 miles N. W. from Boston, and
5 N. E. from Concord.
Bedford, N. H.,' Hillsboro' co. On the Mer-
rimac. It has considerable intervale land.
A remarkable gulf and precipice are within its
limits. A brook passes over the precipice, and
falls about 200 ft. within the distance of 100 yds.
Here are found several excavations in solid
stone, large enough to contain many persons.
8 miles N. E. from Amherst, 21 S. from Concord.
The Nashua and Concord Railroad passes on
the opposite side of the Merrimac.
Bedford, N. Y., c. h. Westchester co. Half
shire town with White Plains, which lies 15 miles
S. Watered by Croton River, and several other
streams. The surface is hilly and broken, and
the soil light and stony. 109 miles S. from Al-
Bedford County, Pa., c. h. at Bedford. On the
S. border. Watered by tributaries of the Juniata
and Potomac Rivers. Surface mountainous,
with fertile valleys. Iron ore and bituminous
coal are found here.
Bedford, Pa., Bedford co. On the Roystown
branch of the Juniata River, and is celebrated
for its mineral springs.
Bedford County, Te., c. li. at Shelbyville. S.
central. On the head waters of Duck River.
Surface undulating ; soil fertile.
Bedford County, Ya.. c. h. at Liberty. S. cen-
tral. Between the Janies River and the Roanoke.
Bounded W. by the Peaks of Otter, in the
Blue Ridge, separating it from Botetourt co.
The interior is drained by Goose and Otter
Creeks. Surface elevated; soil fertile, yielding
fine crops of tobacco, Indian corn, and oats.
Bedminster, N. J., Somerset co. A hilly town,
with a fertile soil, composed of lime, clay, and
red shale. 8 miles N. W. from Somerville.
Bedminster, Pa. A central township of Bucks co.
Beekman, N. Y., Dutchess co. Drained by
the Fishkill and several other streams. The
surface is hilly, and the soil rich, gravelly loam.
14 miles S. E. from Poughkeepsie, and 87 miles
Beekmantown, N. Y., Clinton co. Watered by
several small tributaries of Lake Champlain,
and containing Chazy and Chateaugay Lakes. It
extends across the county a distance of 37 miles.
On the E it is level or slightly uneven ; on the
W. hilly and mountainous. 8 miles N. from
Plattsburg, and 70 N. from Albany.
Belair, Md.. c. h. Harford co. 53 miles N.
by E. from Annapolis.
■ Belchertown, Ms., Hampshire co. Soil ex-
cellent. and well improved. Separated from
Ware by Swift. River on the N. 75 miles W.
from Boston, and 17 N. E. from Springfield.
Belfast, Me., port of entry and shire town of
Waldo co., is beautifully situated on Belfast
Bay, on the W. side of Penobscot River. It lies
40 miles E. from Augusta, 30 S. from Bangor,
30 N. from Thomaston, and, across Belfast Bay,
12 W. from Castine. The town was incorpo-
rated in 1773, but not permanently settled until
about the year 1785. There is considerable good
land in Belfast. In 1837, it produced 3492
bushels of excellent wheat. The Paasaggassa-
wakeag River winds along near the centre of the
town, and adds much to the appearance of the
place. The harbor is very good, being guarded
by Long and Sears's Islands, and has anchorage
for a great number of vessels of the largest class.