OswiJgo village, and 147 miles N. W. from Al-
Alburg, Yt., Grand Isle co. It is bounded by
the waters of Lake Champlain, except on the
north. The soil is good and finely timbered.
It has a mineral spring, of some repute for the
cure of scrofulous diseases. 10 miles N. from
North Hero, and 79 N. W. from Montpelier.
Alden, N. Y., a township of Erie co. Watered
by Cayuga and Ellicott's Creeks. The surface
is undulating, and the soil adapted to grass and
grains. 18 miles E. from Buffalo, and 272 S. by
W. from Albany.
Alexander; Me., Washington co. In this town
are some ponds, which, with the large pond in
Baring and Alexander, produce a large stream
which empties into Cobscook Bay. 25 miles N.
by W. from Machias.
Alexander County, N. C. New, taken from
Iredell. W. central part.
Alexandersville, 0., Miami township, Montgom
ery co. Located on the Miami Canai. The re-
mains of ancient fortifications are found here.
Distant 18 miles W. from Xenia, and 73 from
Alexander County, Is., c. h. at Unity. In the S.
angle of the state, between the Mississippi and
Ohio. Drained by Sexton's, Cash, and Clear
Creeks. Soil fertile, about one third consisting
of alluvion. The S. part is liable to inundation.
Alexander, N. Y., Genesee co. On both sides
of Tonawanda Creek, which flows nearly N.
through it. The surface is slightly uneven, and
the soil clay loam, well adapted to the growth of
grain and grass. 8 miles S. of Batavia village,
and 247 miles N. of W. from Albany, on the rail-
road from Albany to Buffalo.
Alexandria. Ky., c. h. Campbell co. 85 miles
Alexandria, La., c. h. Rapides parish. On Red
River, just below the rapids, 291 miles N. W.
from New Orleans.
Alexandria, N. H., Grafton co. A small part
of Newfound Lake lies in this town. On Fowl-
er's and Smith's Rivers, and other small streams,
are fine intervale lands. Settled, Dec. 1769, by
Jonathan, John M., and William Corliss. 34 miles
N. W. from Concord, and 40 S. E. from Haverhill.
Alexandria, N. Y., Jefferson co. This town,
situated on the St. Lawrence River, comprises
several of the Thousand Islands," and contains
Clear, Crystal, and Butterfield Lakes. The sur-
face is gently undulating, and the soil clay and
marly loam. 20 miles N. from Watertown and
190 N. W. from Albany.
Alexandria County, Ya., c. h. at Alexandria.
On the S. side of the Potomac, opposite the Dis-
trict of Columbia. It is connected by a bridge
of more than a mile in length, with YVashington
City. Surface uneven, soil light.
Alexandria, Ya. City and shire town of Alex-
andria co., situated on the W. side of the River
Potomac, 7 miles S. from Washington city.
This city was included in that part of the Dis-
trict of Columbia ceded to the United States by
Virginia, as a location for the seat of govern-
ment. But recently it has been ceded back again,
with all that portion of the territory lying on the
west side of the Potomac, and now belongs, as at
first, to the jurisdiction of Virginia. The river,
opposite the city, has a sufficient depth to admit
vessels of the largest class to come to its wharves.
The place is pleasantly situated on ground grad-
ually rising from the river, and is laid out with
much regularity, the streets crossing each other
at right angles. It has a number of churches,
among which are two Presbyterian, two Episco-
pal, two Methodist, one Baptist, and one Roman
Catholic. There are two banks, with a capital
of $1,000,000. The termination of the Chesa-
peake and Ohio Canal is at this place. The
principal trade of Alexandria is in flour, wheat,
Indian corn, and tobacco. Population in 1850,
Alford, Ms., Berkshire co. A mountainous
township, on the line of the state of N. Y. The
valleys produce some grain ; considerable por-
tions of the rough parts of the town are good
pasture land. 190 miles W. from Boston, and
19 S. by W. from Pittsfield.
Alfred, Me., c. h. York co. A good farming
town, well furnished with water power by Mon-
sum River. 35 miles S. from Portland, and 86
S. W. from Augusta.
Alfred, N. Y., Alleghany co. Hilly, and the
soil adapted for grazing. The New York and
Erie Railroad passes through this town. 12 miles
S. E. from Angelica, and 244 miles S. of W. from
Algiers, La., Orleans parish. On the right bank
of the Mississippi River, opposite New Orleans.
The river here is rather less than half a mile
wide, and curves in such a manner that much the
greatest force and rapidity of the current is
thrown upon the New Orleans side. From this
circumstance, as well as from the greater eleva-
tion of the ground on which Algiers is built,
rendering it secure from the overflow of this
river, even at the highest stages of the water, it
has some natural advantages over New Orleans
for commercial purposes. In 1844, Thayer and
Company commenced the erection of warehouses
of the first class at this place, for the reception
and transmission of merchandise, which now ex-
tend about 2000 feet on the river, and are doing a
heavy amount of business. Commodious wharves
have been built, and floating docks for repairing
vessels, and this port is now connected with the
port of New Orleans as a port of entry and de-
livery. This place is rapidly building up, and is
destined to become an important mart of com-
merce. Among other establishments for manu-
facturing purposes is an extensive iron foundery,
covering more than 300 square feet of ground. It
is in contemplation by the government to estab-
lish a navy yard and a naval depot at Algiers.
This is the southern terminus of the Opelousas
Railroad, which extends through Attakappas to
Opelousas. The favorable position of Algiers,
in reference to this great line of internal commu-
nication, in connection with its fine facilities for
navigation and commerce, on the Mississippi
River, cannot fail of making it, at no distant day,
one of the most prosperous and important places
on the banks of the Father of Waters."
Allamakee County, Io. In the N. E. corner.
Alleghany County, Md., c. h. at Cumberland. W.
extremity of the state. Watered by the Fotomae
and Youghiogeny Rivers. Surface rough and
mountainous, being crossed by .the main chain
of the Alleghany Mountains ; much of the soil,
however, is fertile. The great national road,
built by the government, commences at Cumber-
land and crosses the mountain west. The Ches-
apeake and Ohio Canal extends to Cumber-
land, and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad trav-