Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 203

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Hurricane River, Schoolcraft co., Mn. A
small stream in the N. E. part of the county, and
emptying into Lake Superior.

Hutchinson's Island, St. Lucie co., Ea. A large
island lying between St. Lucra Sound and the
Atlantic Ocean.

Ibberville River, La. This river leaves the Mis-
sissippi, of which it is an outlet, 14 miles below
Baton Bouge, and flows 20 miles into Amite
Biver. The Mississippi flows into it at high
flood only.

Illinois Creek, As. This stream rises in Yan
Buren and Pope counties, flows S. S. W., and
empties into the Arkansas.

Illinois River. The Illinois Biver has its entire
course within the state to which its name has been
given. Its upper tributaries take their rise in In-
diana and Wisconsin. Those coming from Indi-
ana are the Kankakee and the Iroquois; those
from Wisconsin are the Des Plaines and the Fox
Bivers. The two former unite, after flowing W.
in a curve corresponding with the S. shore of
Lake Michigan, in the N. part of Iroquois coun-
ty, Illinois ; and thence their waters flow still W.
until they unite with those of the Des Plaines
coming from the N. After the confluence of the
Kankakee with the Des Plaines, the river takes
the name of Illinois. From this point it flows
W. to Hennepin, in Putnam co., or almost
to this place, receiving Fox Biver from the N.,
at Ottawa, and Vermilion Biver from the S. E.,
near the foot of the rapids. Its course then turns
to the S. and S. W., in which direction mainly
it flows as far as Naples, in Morgan co., receiving
the Spoon Biver from the W., and the Sangamon
from the E. From Naples it flows S. until it
approaches within a few miles of the Mississippi,
when it curves to the S.E., and afterwards to the
E., and empties itself into the Mississippi, a few
miles above the mouth of the Missouri. Its length,
exclusive of its windings, is about 260 miles. It is
navigable 210 miles, to the foot of the rapids, and,
in high water, 9 miles farther, to Ottawa. Below
the rapids the character of the river approaches
to that of a tortuous canal, occasionally widening
into swells which appear similar to lakes. Upon
the W. shore of one of these beautiful expansions
of the river the flourishing town of Peoria is sit-
uated. The navigable part of the river has a
gentle current, unbroken by rapids, and peculiarly
favorable to a safe and easy commerce by steam-
boats. From its relative position the Illinois is a
river of great importance as a connecting link in
the chain of internal navigable waters. The Il-
linois Canal, of 100 miles in length, connects its
navigable waters with those of Lake Michigan at
Chicago; thus opening a communication for com-
merce between the St. Lawrence and the Missis-
sippi, and between the whole country bordering
on the great lakes and the ports of New Orleans
and the Atlantic. The valley of the Illinois in
its widest part, from the sources of the Sanga-
mon Biver on the E., to the sources of the Spoon
Biver on the W., is 120 miles in breadth. In the
N. part, however, branching into two long, nar-
row arms, the mean breadth does not exceed 60
miles. In this portion it encircles the S. part of
Lake Michigan for a distance of about 200 miles.
The area included in this basin is about 24,000
square miles.

Illinois River, In. Ter., rising in Benton and
Washington counties, As., passes into the In.


Ter., and flows south into Arkansas Biver, 4 miles
above the mouth of Canadian Biver. There are
salt springs a few miles from its mouth.

Independence River, N. Y., rises in Hamilton co.,
flows W., and enters Black Biver in Lewis co.

Indian Creek, S. C. A branch of the Sunoree
Biver, which it enters in Newberry district.

Indian Creek, Te., formed in Wayne co., by the
junction of Indian Biver and Butherford's Creek,
flows N. W., and enters the Tennessee in Har-

Indian Creek. Is. This stream rises in the S.
W. part of Clark co., and flows S. W., across
Floyd and Harrison counties, into the Ohio

Indian Fields, N. Y., are a part of the peninsula
of Montauk, on the E. extremity of Long Island.
The surface is very rough, yet the soil is gen-
erally good, affording fine pasturage. A rem-
nant of the Montauk tribe of Indians still resides

Indian Hut Island, St. Lawrence co., N. Y., lies
in the St. Lawrence Biver, near the Thousand
Islands, and is attached to the town of Hammond.

Indian River, Me., is a small stream, watering
the town of Addison, Washington co.

Indian River, N. Y. and Vt. This small stream
rises in Bupert, Yt., waters the corner of Pawlet,
and joins Pawlet Biver, in Granville, N. Y.—
Another small stream of this name waters the
towns of Essex and Colchester, Vt., and empties
into Colchester Bay.

Indian Lake, Hamilton co., N. Y., is sur-
rounded by a mountainous region of country,
covered with deep forests of pine, spruce, birch,
and poplar, which, contrasted with the smooth
waters of the lake, present a scene of remarkable
beauty. The mountain peaks attain an eleva-
tion of from 1500 to 2000 feet above the surround-
ing country. The lake is 4 miles long, 1 mile
wide, and abounds in various kinds of fish.

Indian River, N. Y., the outlet of Indian Lake,
flows N. E., and enters the Hudson, in Essex co.

Indian River, N. Y. This stream rises in Lewis
co., flows N. W., through Jefferson, and enters
Black Lake, in St. Lawrence co. The outlet of
the lake flows into Oswegatchie Eiver, which
enters the St. Lawrence at Ogdensburg village.

Indian River, Sussex co., De., drains the E. part
of the co., and empties into the Atlantic Ocean.

Indian River, Fa. The length of this river,
from its head branches to Juniper Narrows, is
about 100 miles. Its width and depth are ex-
tremely variable. In some places it is 4 miles
wide; in others, not 50 yards. The depth of
water is greatest when the S. inlets are closed.
It runs nearly parallel with the E. coast of the
state, its course being a little E. of S.

Indian Stream, Coos co., N. H., is the princi-
pal and most N. source of Connecticut Biver. It
rises in the Highlands, near the N. border of the
state, and pursuing a S. W. course, unites with
the E. branch flowing from Connecticut Lake.

Inlet of Cayuga Lake, N. Y., has been rendered
navigable for 1 mile S. of the lake, by the canal
commissioners. There is now a toll taken for all
boats passing and repassing to Ithaca village.

Inonque River, Ts. A head branch of Brazos

Inquest Creek, Io., rises in Appanoose and
Monroe counties, flows E. across Davis and a
corner of Van Buren co., and falls into the Des
Moines Biver in Wapello co.

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