NEW ENGLAND GAZETTEER.
water power, and to which vast
quantities of herring (alewives)
resort. On the banks of one of
these ponds, the celebrated King
Philip had a hunting house. The
first forge, in America was erected
in this town, by James and Henry
Leonard, in 1652. • The house of
the Leonards, an old Gothic build-
ing, is now standing, and owned by
the 7th generation'.
The manufactures of Raynham
consist of bar iron, nails, iron cast-
ings, anchors, shovels, forks, cof-
fee mills, and straw bonnets: total
value the year ending April 1,1S37,
$360,650; of which $300,000 was
for nails. ;
miles S. W. from Augusta and 22
N. N. W. from Portland.
Raymond, N. H.
Rockingham co. This town lies
25 miles W. by S. from Portsmouth,
25 S. E. from Concord, 13 W. by
N. from Exeter. Two branches
of the Lamprey river, from Deer-
field and Candia, unite in Ray-
mond ; and the waters of two ponds
also fall into this river as it passes
through the town. The Patuckaway,
from Nottingham, crosses the N. E.
corner into Epping. The soil is
various: that of the^meadows bord-
ering on the river is productive. In
the N. part of the town, about 100
rods from the principal road leading
to Deerfield, near the summit of a
hill about 100 feet high, is a natu-
ral excavation in a. ledge, called
the .Oven, from the appearance of
its mouth. It is a regular arch
about 5 feet high and of the same
width, extending into the hill j
about 15 feet, and terminating in a
number of fissures. ~ Raymond was
originally that part of Chester call-
ed Charming-fare. It was incor-
porated in 1765, by its ‘present
name. The names of 24 inhabi-
tants of Raymond are found enroll-
ed among the soldiers of the revo-
lution, beside numbers of the mili-
tia engaged for short periods. Four
were killed or died in service.
Hon. John Dudley, a distinguish-
ed patriot of the revolution, mem-
ber of the committee of safety,
speaker of the house, and judge
of the superior court, died here May
21,1805, aged 80. Population, in
Bristol co. This town lies on
Taunton river, and was taken from
Taunton in 1731. Population, 1837,
1,379. It is 30 miles S. from Bos-
ton, 3 N. E. from Taunton, and 24
E. from Providence.
There are a number of large
ponds in this town producing a good
Kennebec co. This is an excel-
lent township of land, and finely
watered by ponds and small streams.
The people are generally industri-
ous farmers, who find the cultiva-
i tionof the earth the best source of
independence. Readfield is a very
pleasant town, and its vicinity to
the Kennebec gives it many advan-
tages. It lies 11 miles W. from
Augusta. Population, 1837, 2,019.
Wheat crop, same year, 6,391 bush-
Windsor co. First settled, 1772.
This is an elevated township,uneven
and mountainous. Several small
streams rise here and pass to the
Queechy and Black rivers. This
town affords excellent pasturage,
in which about 6,000 sheep are
kept. Reading lies 53 miles S.
from Montpelier, and 10 W. from
Windsor. Population, 1830, 1,409.
Middlesex co. Reading is an
ancient town, 13 miles .N. from
Boston, 10 W. from Salem, and 17
N. E. from Concord. I
The surface of the town is une-
ven, but the soil is generally of a
good quality. The village is pleas*
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