20 miles N. W. from Boston, and 5
N. from Concord. Incorporated,
1805. Population, 1837, 596. It
is bounded S. E. by Concord river.
.This is a poor town, and its manu-
factures are very trifling.
Penobscot co. Population, 1837,
510. Growth of wheat, same year,
1,890 bushels. 71 miles from Au-'
gusta. See Sowadabscook Stream.
Carroll, ST. H.
A township in Coos county, ly-
ing at the base of the White Moun-
tains, on the N. W., having Jeffer-
son and Whitefield N., Whitefield
and Bethlehem W.,and the ungrant-
ed lands, and Nash and Sawyer’s
Location on the S. It was granted
Feb. 8, 1772, to Sir Thomas Went-
worth, Bart.,Rev. Samuel Langdon,
and 81 others. Its surface is un-
even, and its appearance dreary.—
Population, in 1830, 108.
Franklin co. Incorporated, 1826.
Population, 1837, 455. 46 miles
from Augusta, and 73 from Port-
land. See Barnard, .Me.
Plymouth co. Set off from Ply-
mouth in 1790. Population, 1837,
990. 38 miles S. E. from Boston,
and 8 S. W. by S. from Plymouth.
There are a number of pleasant
ponds in this town. The soil is not
very productive. The manufac-
tures of Carver consist of iron cast-
ings, boots, shoes, boxes, and wil-
low baskets) annual amount about
Casco Bay, Me.
This is one of the finest bays on
the American coast. Its western
boundary is Cape Elizabeth; its
eastern, Cape Small Point. The
distance between those capes is
about 20 miles. Its indentation does
not exceed 15 miles. Within it are
some of the best harbors in the
world. It is said that Casco bay
contains as many islands as there
are days in the year; however that
may be, we know that they are
very numerous, some very large,
fertile, and well cultivated; and
that a survey of them from the high
grounds in Portland, Falmouth,
Cumberland, or Yarmouth, affords a
treat of island and ocean scenery
of transcendent beauty.
Hancock co. Castine derived its
name from a French baron of that
name, who resided here upwards of
twenty years after 1667. This
peninsula, jutting out into Belfast
bay, at the mouth of Penobscot
river, was formerly called “ Major
Biguyduce,” pronounced, Baga-
duce. Thd peninsula embraces
2,500 acres of land, and was first
settled by the English, in 1760.
The British occupied this place in
both of the wars with the U. S. It
was the shire, or chief town, of the
county from 17S9 to 183S, when
the courts were removed to Ells-
worth. Castine possesses an excel-
lent maritime position, but its trade
from the country is limited, being
cut off by the more inland towns.
Its trade, however, is considerable.
The lumber and coasting trade,
with the fisheries, give active em-
ployment to its people. 78 miles
E. from Augusta, and about 25 S.
W. from Ellsworth. Population,
1830, 1,155; 1837, 1,168.
Rutland, co. This is a flourish-
ing town, watered by a river of the
same name ; 11 miles W. from Rut-
land, 72 S. W. from Montpelier,
and 14 E. from Whitehall. Popu-
lation, 1830, 1,783. First settled,
1770. The surface of the town is
rough and hilly, but there is some
rich land. It feeds about 9,000
sheep. Mill streams abound in
Castleton, on which are a woolen