A town in Essex county. Popula-
tion, 1830, 105. See Barnard. .Me.
Middlesex co. This was former-
ly a part of Cambridge, and called
“ Little Cambridge” until its incor-
poration in 1807. It lies 5 miles
S. W. from Boston, 13 S. E. from
Concord, 35 E. from Worcester, 8
N. by E. from Dedham, and 15 N.
W. by N. from Weymouth landing.
Population, 1830, 972; 1837, 1,337.
The western and northern bounda-
ries of this town are washed by
Charles river. The soil is excel-
lent and highly cultivated, and, in
common with all the towns in the
vicinity of Boston, Brighton has be-
come the residence ot many peo-
ple of wealth and taste, who possess
beautiful country seats and splen-
did gardens. Winship’s garden
is noted throughout the country for
its nursery of fruit-trees and shrub-
bery, and for its grand display ot
pjants and flowers of every variety.
Brighton is the largest cattle market
in New England. Monday is tbe
market day,when sellers and buyers
meet in throngs to traffic in live
stock, both for slaughter and domes-
tic use. The sales in 1830 and 1837
are here given.
Beef cattle, 37,767,
Store do. 13,685,
Beef cattle, 32,664,
Store do. 16,210,
Hampden co. This town Ues 19
miles E. by N. from Springfield, 50
W. N. V/. from Providence, R. L,
and 70 W. by S. from Boston. Pop-
ulation, 1837, 1,599. First settled,
1714. Incorporated, 1731. This is
a fine farming town, with a good
soil, and is well watered by Chick-
opee and Quinebaugh rivers. The
articles manufactured in this town,
in one year, amounted to $105,262.
The manufactures consisted of cot-
ton goods, boots, shoes, leather,
palm-leaf hats, chairs and cabinet
ware. The value of wool grown,
in one year, was $4,067.
Bristol County, Mass. ‘ ^
Taunton and New Bedford are
the county towns.
The surface of this county is
somewhat broken, but generally
level. Its soil in many parts is of
an inferior quality. There are 12,-
463 sheep. Area, 600 square miles.
It has a maritime coast of consid-
erable extent, and its people are ex-
tensively engaged in navigation.
The tonnage of the two districts
in this county (New Bedford and
Dighton) is 94,163 tons. This coun-
ty gives rise to many important
streams that fall into Massachusetts
and Narraganset bays, and its
ter power is abundant in almost ev-
ery town. It abounds in excellent
iron ore, and in no section of our
country, of its extent, are more ex-
tensive manufactures of that mate-
rial, for almost all the uses of man.
This county is bounded N. by Nor-
folk co., E. by Plymouth co., S. E.
by Buzzard’s bay, and W. by the
counties of Providence, Bristol,
and Newport, R. I. In king Phi-
lip’s time this part of the country
was called Pawcunnawcutt. It
wa3 incorporated in 1685. Popula-
tion, in 1820,40,908 ; 1830,49,474;
and in 1837, 58,152 : 97 inhabitants
to a square mile. Value of the man-
ufactures, for the year ending April
1,1837, $7,929,479. Product of the
fishery, $2,188,656. The Taunton
and Pawtucket are its chief rivers.