what rough surface, but a productive soil. 140
miles N. W. from Albany.
Boxboro', Ms., Middlesex co. Soil mostly light,
and the surface broken and hilly. Good lime-
stone is found here. There is a pleasant village
in Boxboro', through which the Boston and
Fitchburg Railroad passes. 27 miles N. W. from
Boston, and 7 N. W. from Concord.
Boxford, Ms., Essex co. 25 miles N. from
Boston, and 12 S. W. from Newburyport.
Bozrah, Ct., New London co. The soil is a
gravelly loam, rich and fertile. It is watered by
Yantic River, on which are two pleasant and
flourishing villages, Bozrahville and Fitchville.
Bracken County, Ky., c. h. at Augusta. N. E.
part of the state, on the Ohio River. Surface
broken; soil fertile.
Bradbury County, As., c. h. at Warren. In the
S. E. corner, bordering on Louisiana. Saline
Fork of the Wachita runs S. through it.
Bradford, Me., Penobscot co. 87 miles N. E.
Bradford, Ms., Essex co. On the S. side of
Merrimae River. United to Haverhill by a
bridge 680 feet in length, and a railroad viaduct.
The surface of the town is pleasantly diversified,
and the soil various. Much of the land is of a
superior quality. The Bradford Academy is on
an elevated spot, about 100 rods from Haver-
hill, and commands a beautiful view. 16 miles
N. E. from Lowell, and 31 N. from Boston by
the Boston and Maine' Railroad.
Bradford, N. H., Merrimae co. Many parts
of the town are hilly, although most of it lies in
a valley. Near the Sunapee Mountain is an
extensive plain, more than a mile long and half
a mile wide. 28 miles W. from Concord.
Bradford, N. Y., Steuben co. Drained by
Mud Creek and its tributaries. The surface is
uneven; soil of good quality. 12 miles E. from
Bath, and 204 S. of W. from Albany.
Bradford County, Pa., c. h. at Tonawanda. In
the N. E. angle bordering on N. Y. Watered
by the Chemung and the N. branch of the Sus-
quehanna Rivers, and by Tonawanda and Sugar
Creeks. Surface partly mountainous. In the
S. part is much good land.
Bradford, Pa. A northern township of McKean
co., on the New York frontier.
Bradford, Yt., Orange co. The surface is
somewhat broken. A strip of intervale skirts
Connecticut River, which bounds the town on
the E., and there is much good land in other
parts. 30 miles S. S. E. from Montpelier, and 11
S. S.E. from Chelsea.
Bradley, Me., Penobscot co. 12 miles E. N. E.
Bradley County, Te., c. h. at Cleveland. In the
S. E. corner, bordering on Georgia. Surface
mountainous; soil, fertile on the borders of the
Bradleyvale, Yt., Caledonia co. Watered by
Moose River. Has a fine water power and much
good land. 12 miles easterly from St. Johnsbury.
Brady, Mn. Watered by Portage River. 146
miles W. from Detroit.
Braintree, Ms., Norfolk co. The surface is
variegated by hill and dale, presenting many de-
lightful views of Boston, its harbor, and the
adjacent country. The soil is a strong, gravelly
loam, and very productive. Excellent granite
abounds here. The first ever used in this coun-
try, for the purpose of building houses, was fur-
nished by John Hayward, Esq., of this town, in
1752, for the erection of King's Chapel, in Bos-
ton. There are several villages in the town.
The Old Colony Railroad passes through the
centre. 10 miles S. by E. from Boston, and 12
E. by S. from Dedham.
The town is well watered by Monatiquot Riv-
er, on which are several manufacturing establish-
The farm of Hon. Benjamin Y. French, a na-
tive of this town, and a retired merchant, at
Mount Monatiquot, deserves to be noted as a
remarkable instance of the agricultural and hor-
ticultural improvements effected of late years
in the vicinity of Boston. Commencing in 1818
with a worn-out piece of land, Mr. French now
has on his place over 400 varieties of the apple, as
many of the pear, and about 100 each of plums and
cherries, besides every variety of other fruit which
can be cultivated in this climate, whether for the
field or garden. It is his object to try all kinds,
with the view of selecting the best, which he
thinks will soon be reduced to about 30 varieties
of the apple, 20 of the pear, and about the same
number of plums and cherries, by which the
worthless kinds so generally now growing will be
superseded. This selection will include quite a
number of native American varieties, new speci-
mens of which are constantly brought forward
by the zeal of our intelligent horticulturists,
who well deserve to be ranked among public
benefactors: In 1851, Mr. French exhibited, at
the Horticultural Rooms in Boston, 230 choice
specimens of as many different varieties of the
apple and pear, for which he received a splen-
did piece of plate.
Braintree, Vt., Orange co. Watered by the
third branch of White River, and Ayers's and
Mill Brooks, its tributaries. Between Ayers's
Brook and the third branch is a large swell of
land called Quaker Hill." Between the third
branch and the head of White River is a consid-
erable mountain, which renders that part incapa-
ble of settlement. 21 miles S. from Montpelier,
and 14 W. by S. from Chelsea. The Vermont
Central Railroad passes through this town.
Branch County, Mn., c. h. at Branch. On the
southern border of the state. Undulating, and
watered by branches of the St. Joseph's River.
Soil fertile sandy loam.
Branch, Mn., c. h. Branch co. On the W.
branch of Coldwater River. 113 miles W. S. W.
Branciforte County, Ca., c. h. at Santa Cruz,
on the N. coast of Monterey Bay.
Brandenburg, Ky., c. h. Mead co. On the Ohio
River. 94 miles W. by S. from Frankfort.
Brandon, Mi., c. h. Rankin co.
Brandon, N. Y., Franklin co. A large and
mostly uncultivated town, covered with dense
forests, and interspersed on the S. part with nu-
merous lakes. It is drained by Saranac, St. Regis,
and Racket Rivers. 10 miles S. W. from Ma-
lone, and 215 N. N. W. from Albany.
Brandon, Yt., Rutland co. Watered by Otter
Creek, Mill River, and Spring Pond, on which
streams are good mill sites. Some of the land is
level, with rather a light soil, but that on Otter
Creek is excellent. Bog iron ore is found here;
also, abundance of marble. There are two cu-
rious limestone caverns in this town. 60 miles
N. W. from Windsor, and 40 S. W. from Mont-
pelier. The Rutland Railroad passes through it.