Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 812
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MON    MON    MUS

It comes from Turkey and the isle of
Chio.

Mead, an agreeable beverage made
chiefly of honey and water.

Mechoacan, a root of a plant of the
^convolvulus kind, brought from the pro-
vince of Mechoacan in S. America.

Mercwy, a metallic substance, fluid
at the common temperature, having the
appearance and brilliancy of melted sil-
ver. It is found in Spain, Germany,
China and S. America.

Mezzotinto, a kind of graving so nam-
ed, as nearly resembling paint, the
word importing half-painted.

Mica, a stone which forms the essen-
tial part of many mountains, and con-
sists of a great number of thin laminae
adhering to each other, sometimes of a
very large size. It has long been em-
ployed as a substitute for glass.

Minium, in the arts, red lead or oxide
of lead.

Mirobolans, a small purgative fruit of
considerable utility in pharmacy, and
brought from India.

Mohair, the soft and silvery hairs of
the Mohair goat, which is a native of
Angora. It is woven into camlets and
other manufactures.

Molasses, the gross fluid matter that
remains of sugar after crystallizing.

Money, the following table embraces
an account of the principal foriegn mo-
nies, with their values in British ster-
ling.

N. B. That c stands for Copper; s for
Silver; g for Gold ; and those marked
*,
are imaginary, as the Pound sterling of
England.

GREAT BRITAIN.

£. s. d.

A Farthing c    0    0    0    1-4

3 qrs. make a Halfpen-
ny c    000    1-2

2 Halfpence, a Penny c 0 0 1
6d., a Half-Shilling s 0 0 6
12d., a Shilling s    0    1    0

2s.-6d., a Half-Crown s 0 2 6
5s., a Crown s    0    5    0

7s. Piece, 1-3 of a Gui-
nea g    0    7    
0

10s., a Half-Sovereign a 0 10 0
10s. 6d., a Half-Gui-
nea o    0 10    6

20s., a Sovereign o 10    0

20s., a Pound sterling * 1 0 0
21s., a Guinea o    110

FRANCE.

Paris, Lyons, Bordeaux, Sfc.

OLD MONIES.

A Denier c    0 0 0 1-24

3 Deniers make a Liard c 0 0 0 1-8
2 Liards, a Dardene c 0 0 0 1-4
12 Deniers, a Sous c 0 0 0 1-2
20 Sous, a Livre of Ex-
change *    .    0    0    10

Sous, an Ecu of Ex-
change s    0    2    6

6 Livres, an Ecu s 0 5 0
io Livres, a Pistole *    0    8    4

B4 Livres, a Louis d’Or o 1 0 0

NEW MONIES.

A Centime *    0    0    0    1-10

5 Centime Piece c 0 0 0 1-2
A Decime Piece c 0 0 1
A Franc s    0    0    10

2 Franc Piece s    0    18

15 Sol Piece s    0    0 7    1-2

30 Sol Piece s    0    13

5 Franc Piece s    0    4    2

10 Franc Piece o    0    8    4

20 Franc Piece o    0    16    8

A Louis d’Or o    10    0

SPAIN.

At Malaga, Gibraltar, Denia, S[c.

RIALS VELON.

A Maravedi *    0    0 0    23-272

2 Maravedies make an
Octavo c    0    0    0    23-136

4 Maravedies, a Quartil c 0    0    0 23-68

34 Maravedies, a Rial

Velon *    0    0    2    7-8

SIS Maravedies, a Pias-
tre a    0    3    7

15 Rials, a Piastre of Ex-
change *    0    3    7

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cm j

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

1

0 1


60 Rials, a Pistole of Ex-
change o    0    14    4

78 Rials, a Pistole a    0    16    0

2048 Maravedies, a Pis-
tole of Exchange *    0    16    0

PORTUGAL.

A Ree or Rea *    0    0    0    27-400

10 Rez make a Half Vin-
tem
c    0    0    0    27-40

20 Rez, a Vintem c    0    0    1 7-20

5 Vintems, a Testoon s    0    0    6 3-4

4 Testoens, a Crusade

of Exchange s    0    2    3

24 Vintems, a New Cru-
sade s    0    2    8    2-5

10 Testoons, or 1000 Rez,

a Milre *    0    5    7    1-2

48 Testoons, a Moidore g    1    7    0

64 Testoons, a Joannes g    1    16    0

DENMARK AND NORWAY.
Copenhagen, Sound, Bergen, Drontheim,
$c.

A Skilling c    0    0    0    9-16

6 Skillings make a Drug-

gen s    0    0    3    3-8

16 Skillings, a Slet
Marc *    0    0    9

20 Skillings, a Rix Marc s 0 Oil 1-4

24 Skillings, a Rix Ort s 0 1    11-2

4 Marcs, a Crown s    0    3    0

6 Marcs, a Rix Dollar s    0    4    6

11 Marcs, a Ducat o    0    8    3

SWEDEN AND FINLAND.
Stockholm, Upsal, $c.

A Runstic *    0    0    0    7-30

3 Run sties make a Sti-
ver c    007    7-18

8 Run sties, a Copper

Mare c    0    0    1    5-9

3 Copper Marcs, a Silver

Marc s    0    0    4    2-3

4 Ditto, a Copper Dol-
lar c    0    0    6    2-9

9 Ditto, a Caroline s    0    12

3 Copper Dollars, a Sil-
ver Dollar s    0 16 2-3

3 Silver Dollars, a Rix
Dollar s    0    4    8

2 Rix Dollars, a Ducat o 0    9    4

RUSSIA.

Petersburg, Archangel, Moscow, fyc.

A Polusca *    0    0    0 22-208

2 Poiuscas make a De-
nusca
c    0    0    0 27-100

2 Denuscas, a Copec *    0 0 0 27-50

3 Copecs, an Altin c 0 0 1 31-50

10 Copecs, a Grivener s 0 0 5 2-5

25 Copecs, a Polpotin s 0 1 1 1-2
50 Copecs, a Poltin s 0 2 3
100 Copecs, a Ruble
t 0 4 6

2 1-4 Rubles, a Czarvo-

nitch a    0 10 1 1-2

5 Rubles, an Imperial o 1 2 6
10 Rubles, a Double Im-
perial o    2    5 0

HOLLAND.

Amsterdam, Rotterdam, $c.

A Pening *    0    0    0 21-320

8 Penings make a Grote c 0 0 0 21-40

2 Grotes, a Stiver s 0 0 1 1-20

6 Stivers, a Schelling s 0 0 6 3-10
20 Stivers, a Guilder, or

Florin s    0    19

28 Stivers, a Golden
Florin    0    2    5 1-10

50 Stivers, a Rix Dol-
lar s    0    4    4 1-10

60 Stivers, a Dry Guil-
der s    0    5 3

3 Florins and 3 Stivers,

a Ducatoon o    0    7 6

105 Stivers, a Ducat a 0 9 3

6 Guilders, a Pound
Flemish *    0    10    6

7 Florins, a Half-Reyer o 0    12    3

14 Florins, a Reyer o 14 6

ITALY.

Leghorn, Florence,    #e.

A Denari c    0    0    0 5-144

4 Denari make a Qua-

trini c    0    0    0 5-36

12 Denari, a Soldi c    0    0    0 5-12

5 Quatrini, a Craca e    0    0    0 25-36

8 Cracas, a Quito t    0    0    5 5-9

20 Soldi, a Lira *    0    0    8 1-3

6 Liras, a Piastre of Ex-
change a    0    4    2

7 1-2 Liras, a Ducat o    0    5    2    1-4

22 Liras, a Pistole    o    0    15    6

SWITZERLAND.

Geneva, fyc.

A Denier *    0    0    0    1-32

2 Deniers make a De-
niere Current
c    0    0    0    1-16

12 Deniers, a Small
Sol c    0    0    0    3-8

12 Deniers Current, a
Sol Current c    0    0    0    3-4

12 Small Sols, a Florin * 0    0    4    1-2

12 Sols Current, a Livre
Current *    0    13

10 1-2 Florins, a Pata-
con
s    0    3    11    1-4

15 3-4 Florins, a Croi-

sade s    0    5 10    7-?

24 Florins, a Ducat 9    0    9    0

GERMANY.

Hamburg, Bremen, Altona, Lubeck, 4"t>

A Try ling *    0    0    0    9-12t

2 Trylings make a Sex-
ling *    0    0    0    3-64

2 Sexlings, a Fening c    0    0    0    3-32

12 Fenings, a Sheling
Lubs 9    0    0    1    1-8

16 Shelings,a Marc *    0    16

2 Marcs, a Slet Dollar 9    0    3    0

3 Marcs, a Rix Dollar 9    0    4    6

6 1-4 Marcs, a Ducat a    0    9    4 1-2

i20 Shelings, a Pound
Flemish
*    0 11 6

TURKEY.

Constantinople, Smyrna, Cyprus, fye
A Mangar c    0    0 0    3-2C

4 Mangars make an As-

per *    0    0    0 3-5

3 Aspers, a Para s    0    0    14-5

5 Aspers, a Bestic s    0    0    3

10 Aspers, an Ostic s    0    0 6

20 Aspers, a Solota s    0    10

80 Aspers, a Piastre *    0    4 0

100 Aspers, a Cara-

grouch 9    0    5    0

10 Solotas, a Xeriff o    0 10 0

INDIA.

Calcutta, Calicut, fyc.

A Pice c    0    0    0 5-32

4 Pices make a Fanam c 0    0    0 5-8

6 Pices, a Viz c    0    0 0    15-16

12 Pices, an Ana s    0    0    17-8

10 Anas, a Fiano s    0    16 3-4

16 Anas, a Rupee 9    0    2 6

2 Rupees, an English
Crown
s    0    5    0

2 Rupees, a French
Crown 9    0    5    0

56 Anas, a Pagoda a    0    8    9

CHINA.

Pekin, Nankin, Canton, t(c.

A Caxa, Cachea, or
Caya *    0    0    0 2-25

10 Caxa make a Canda-
reen c    0    0    0 4-5

10 Candareens, a Mace s 0    0    8

35 Candareens, a Ru-
pee s    0    2    3

2 Rupees, a Dollar s    0    4    6

70 Candareens, a Rix
Dollar
s    0    4    4 1-2

7 Maces, a French
Crown s    0    4    8

2 Rupees, an English
Crown 9    0    5    0

10 Maces, a Tale *    0    6    8

Moresco, a kind of carving, painting,
&c., done in the manner of the Moors.

Morocco, a line kind of leather pre-
pared of the skin of an animal of the
goat kind, and imported from the Le-
vant, Barbary,
Sec.

Morphine, an alkali salt obtained from
•pium.

Mosaic, an assemblage of little pieces
of glass, marble, precious stones, &C.,
of various colors, cut square, and ce-
mented on a ground of stucco.

Mother of Pearl, the shell of a muscle,
dwelling in the ocean of either Indies.

Muscadine, a rich wine of the growth
of Provence, Languedoc and other parts
of France.

Musk, a substance found in a bag, sits
uated in the umbilical region of tbs
moschus mociferous, and used as
a
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