Wheeler, ph. Steuben Co. N. Y. Pop. 1,389.
Wheeling, ph. Ohio Co. Va. on the Ohio, 95
m. below Pittsburg. It stands at the mouth of a
creek on a high bank, and consists principally of
one large street, parallel to the river. The great
Cumberland road strikes the Ohio at this place
and makes it a great thoroughfare for emigrants
from the Atlantic states. The town is well built
and nas a very flourishing trade and considerable
manufatures. Pop. 5,221.
Wheeling, townships of Belmont and Guernsey
Wheelock, ph. Caledonia Co. Vt. Pop. 834.
Wheraside, the highest mountain in England,
situate on the N. W. part of Yorkshire, amid
other mountains, and about 6 miles to the N. of
that called Ingleborough. Its summit is 4,050
feet above the level of the sea. Near the top are
four or five tarns or small lakes. Its base con-
tains several spacious caverns, of which the prin-
cipal are Yordas, Gatekirk, and Greenside
' Whidah, a country of Guinea, on the Slave
Coast, extending about 10 miles along the Atlan-
tic, and 12 miles inland. Europeans who have
been in this country extol it as the most beauti-
ful in the world, and assert that spring and au-
tumn reign perpetually in alternate succession.
The country is so populous that one single vil-
lage contains as many inhabitants as some entire
kingdoms on the coast of Guinea. The people,
in their manners, have been compared to the
Chinese ; the same persevering industry, ceremo-
nious civility, joalous affection for their women,
thievish inclinations in trade, prevail in both
countries. Bows, arrows, assagays, and clubs,
are the principal weapons of the Whidanese.
They have no distinction of hours, days, weeks,
or stated periods ; and yet, without pen, ink, or
the assistance of artificial arithmetic, they calcu-
late any thing with great accuracy. They are
said to have a faint idea of a Supreme Being, to
whom they attribute omnipotence, and consider
him as the Creator of the universe. He is, they
say, too higHy exalted to have any concern about
his creatures ; and the government of the world
he leaves to the fetiches, to whom, therefore,
they apply as the mediators between God and
them. These fetiches are divided into three
classes : snakes, tall trees, and the sea; and
sometimes they add a fourth, namely, the chief
river of the kingdom, the Euphrates. The dei-
fied snakes are about a yard long, amazingly tame
and familiar ; and no insult or injury can be of-
fered to them by a native, under pain of death.
Here are oxen, cows, goats, sheep, hogs, turkeys,
ducks, and hens ; also elephants, buffaloes, tigers,
several kinds of deer, and a sort of hares. The
fruits are citrons, lemons, oranges, bananas, tam-
arinds, &c., and there are vast numbers of palm-
trees. from which much wine is made. The trade
consists chiefly of elephants teeth, wax and hon-
ey ; and the principal manufactures are cloths,
umbrellas, baskets, pitchers for pitoorbeer, plates
and dishes of wood, gourds finely ornimented,
white and blue paper, &c. In 1727 the king of
Dahomev reduced this country to the state of a
dependent province. Xavier, or Sabi, is the
Whitby, a sea-port in N. Yorkshire, Eng. It is
seated on the German Ocean, at the mouth of
the Esk, 43 m. N. N. E. of York and 243 N. of
Whitchurch, a borough in Hampshire, Eng.
with manufactures of shalloons, serges, &c. 56
m. W. by S. of London.
Whitchurch, a town in Shropshire, Eng. 160 m
N. W. of London.
White, a county of W. Tennessee. Pop. 9,967
Sparta is the capital; a county of Illinois. Pop
6,091. Carmi is the capital.
White Chimneys, p.v. Caroline Co. Va.
White Clay Creek, a hundred of Newcastle Co
White Creek, ph. Washington Co. N. Y. 36 m,
N. E. Albany. Pop. 2,448.
White Day, p.v. Monongahela Co. Va.
White Deer, p.v. Lycoming Co. Pa.; a town-
ship of Union Co. Pa.
White Eyes, ph. Coshocton Co. Ohio.
Whitejield, p t. Lincoln Co. Me. Pop. 2,020.
A township of Coos Co. N. H. Pop. 685.
Whitehall, ph. Washington Co. N. Y. formerly
Skenesborough. lt stands at the mouth of a creek
flowing into the S. end of Lake Champlain. The
Northern Canal from the Hudson here passes in-
to the lake. Sloops, steamboats and other lake
craft come up to the town, and the trade of the
place is very active. A steamboat plies regular-
ly between Whitehall and St. Johns, L. C
70 m. N. Albany, 170 N. W. Boston. Pop
Whitehall, A*, and 5. two townships in Lehigh
Co. Pa. on the Lehigh p.v. Columbia Co. Pa.,
Frederick Co. Va., Mecklenburg Co. N. C. and
Abbeville Dis. S. C.
White Haven, ph. Somerset Co. Md.
White House, p.v. Hunterdon Co. N. J.
lVhite Lake, p.v. Sullivan Co. N. Y.
Whiteland, E. and W. two townships in Ches-
ter Co. Pa.
W/iitely, a county of Kentucky. Pop. 3,807.
Whitelysburg, p.v. Kent Co. Del. 22 m. S. E.
Wkitemarsh, p.v. Montgomery Co. Pa.
White Mountains, p.v. Coos Co. N. H. 117 m
N. N. E. Concord.
White Mountains, a range of mountains in the
norhern part of New Hampshire, nearly in the
centre of the county of Coos. They are the
highest in the United States, east of the Rocky
Mountain chain, and are celebrated for their
grand and beautiful scenery. These mountains
extend about 20 m. from S. W. to N. E. being
the more elevated parts of a range extending ma-
ny miles in that direction. Their base is 8 or 10
m. broad ; and situated about 25 m S. E. from
Lancaster, 70 N.of Concord, 82 N. by VV. from
Portsmouth ; and in lat. 44. 15, long. 71. 20. W.
Although distant more than 60. m. from the near-
est part of the coast, their snow-white summits
are distinctly visible many leagues at sea, and
along the coast of Maine. Their great elevation
has always rendered them interesting, both to
our ancestors, and to the aboriginal inhabitants
of the country. As early as 1632, they were vis-
ited by Neal, Jocelyn and Field, who gave ro-
mantic accounts of their adventures, and of
the extent and granduer of the mountains
which they called the Crystal Hills. Since that
time, these regions have been repeatedly explor-
ed by hunters, and by men of science. Mount
Washington is 6.428 feet above the level of the
sea, 5,850 above the river at Lancaster, and 4,781
above Crawfords, the nearest dwelling to the
summit. This mountain is easily known by its
superior elevation, and its being the southern of
the three highest peaks. The heights of the otb