districts of Arensberg, Minden, and Munster, and
contains an area of 0,300 sq. m. with about 1,000,
000 of inhabitants. The soil in general is not
fertile, but large quantities of flax are raised, and
the rearing of cattle is carried to great extent.
There are mines of lead, iron, and coal in the
mountainous districts, and extensive salt works
in different parts of the province.
Westphalia, a duchy of Germany, in the Prus-
sian province of Westphalia, and government of
ArensDerg 40 in. long and 25 broad ; bounded on
the N.by the principalities of Munster and Osna-
burg and the countv of Lippe, W. by that of
Mark, S- by the territories of Nassau, and E. by
the counties of Witgenstein, Hartzfeld, Waldeck,
and Hesse. It is a mountainous country, full of
wood, but moderately fertile. It formerly belong-
ed to the elector of Cologne, but was ceded to
the prince of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1802, and made
over to Prussia in 1814.
West Point, ph. Orange Co. N. Y. on the W.
oank of the Hudson, 58 m. above New York. The
United States Military Academy at this place was
established by Congress in 1802, for the instruc-
tion of young men destined for the army. The
nr mber of cadets is limited to 250, and in choos-
ing among -the applicants, the sons of revolution-
ary officers are allowed the first claim, and the
children of the deceased officers of the last war,
the second. The age of the pupils on admission
must be between 14 and 22. The professors and
instructors are 30 in number ; each of the cadets
costs the government 336 dollars annually. They
are required to encamp 6 or 8 weeks during the
year. The course of study is completed in four
years, and includes French, drawing, natural and
experimental philosophy, chemistry, mineralogy,
geography, history, ethics, national law, mathe-
matics and the whole science of strategy, tactics,
artillery and engineering. The annual expense
of the institution is 115,000 dollars.
There are 5 large stone buildings, and 6 of
brick. The site they occupy is very beautiful and
commanding, being a level 188 feet above the
river. Close to the shore stands a white marble
monument, bearing the name of Kosciusko. In
another part is an obelisk to the memory of Col.
Wood, one of the pupils who fell at Fort Erie.
Westpoint, p.v. Hardin Co. Ken.
Westport, p.t. Bristol Co. Mass. 60 m. S. Bos-
ton. Pop. 2,773; ph. Oldham Co. Ken. on the
Ohio ; ph. Essex Co. N. Y.
Westport, a town of Ireland, in the county of
Mayo, 8 m. W. of Castlebar.
Westra, one of the Orkney Islands, 9 m. long
and from 1 to 3 broad. It has a trade in kelp, and
a good harbour for small vessels on the N. W.
side, 9 m. N. N. E. of Pomona. Long. 2.52. W.,
lat. 69. 8. N.
West Springfield, ph. Hampden Co. Mass. 100
m. S. W. Boston, with considerable manufactures.
West Stoekbridge, ph. Berkshire Co. Mass. 130
in. W. Boston. Pop. 1,208.
Westville, p.v. Simpson Co. Mississippi.
Wetherby, a town in W. Yorkshire. 191 m. N.
by W. of London.
Wethersfield, ph. Hartford Co. Conn. 3 m. S.
Hartford. Pop. 3,862. This town is famous for
the cultivation of onions.
Wetter, a lake of Sweden, in Gothland, S. E.
of the lake Wenner. It is 100 m. in length, and
in some places 20 in breadth. Above 40 small
streams enter this lake, and its only outlet is the
river Motala, which flows E. by Nordaoping into
Wetteravia, or Wateraw, a name originally ap
plied to a district of Germany, lying on the banks
of the river Wetter, but now so extended as to
denote all the country between the Lahn, tbe
Rhine, and the Maine.
Wettin, a town of Prussian Saxony, in the
duchy of Magdeburg, with a castle on a moun-
tain ; seated on the Saal, over which is a ferry
9 m. N. N. W. of Halle.
Wetlingen, a town of Switzerland, in the coun-
ty of Baden, celebrated for its wooden bridge,
240 feet long, of a single arch over the river Lim-
mat. It is 1 m. S. of Baden.
^ Wetzlar, a town of Germany, in Wetteravia.
capital of a county of the same name. It is sur-
rounded by ditches and walls flanked with towers,
and is seated at the confluence of the Lahn, Disle.
and Dillen, 30 m. N. of Frankfort. Long. 8. 37
E., lat. 50. 33. N. -
Wevelsburg, a town and citadel of Westphalia,
in the principality of Paderborn, 9 m. S. of Pader-
Werford, a county of Ireland, in the province
of Munster, 47 m. long and 30 broad ; bounded
on the N. by Wicklow, E. by St. Georges Chan-
nel, S. by the Atlantic Ocean, W oy Waterford
and Kilkenny, and N. W. by Catherlough. It
contains 142 parishes, has two boroughs, and sends
four members to parliament. The surface is
mountainous, but the soil in general is fertile in
corn and grass. The principal rivers are the
Barrow and Slaney.
Wexford, a borough of Ireland, and capital of
the foregoing county. It has a spacious harbour
at the moutli of the Slaney, on a bay of St.
Georges Channel, but the water is not deep
enough for large vessels. Much woolen cloth is
manufactured here and in the neighbourhood.
The inhabitants are estimated at 9,000. It is 33
m. E. N. E. of Waterford and 60 S. of Dublin.
Long. 6. 30. W., lat. 52. 22. N.
Wexio, a town of Sweden, in Smaland, seated
on the lake Helga, which contains a group of
woody islands. It is a bishops see, though small,
and.is 50 m. W. of Calmar.
Wet/bridge, a village in Surrey, Eng. seated on
the Wev, near its entrance into the Thames, 2 m.
E. of Chertsey. Here is Woburn Farm, the
plantations of which were the first specimen in
England of the ornamented farm.
Weybridge, a township of Addison Co. Vt
Weyhill, a village in Hampshire, Eng. fa-
mous for an annual fair for all kinds of cattle,
leather, hops, cheese, and pedlary. It is one of
the largest fairs in England, lasting 10 days. 3
m. W. of Andover.
Weymes, a town of Scotland, in Fifeshire, with
a harbour, whence much coal and salt are export-
ed. It stands on the Frith of Forth, 4 m. N. E
of Kilkaldy and 12 S. by W. of Cupar.
Weymouth, a sea-port and borough in Dorset-
shire, Eng. 12 m. S. W. London.
Weymouth, ph. Norfolk Co. Mass. 10 m. S. E.
Boston, noted for the manufacture of excellent
cheese. Pop.2,839. A townshipof Glocester Co. N
J.; ph. Medina Co. Ohio, 117 m. N. E. Columbus
1Vharton, a township of Fayette Co. Pa
Whartonville, p.v. Fauquier Co. Va.
Whately, ph. Franklin Co. Mass. 100 m. W
Boston. Pop. 1,111.
Wheatfield, a township of Indiana Co. Pa