Singilief, a town of Russia, in the government
of Simbirsk, situate on the Volga, 24 m. S. of Sim-
Singor, a town in the peninsula of Malacca,
seated at the mouth of a small river, in the bay of
Patani. Long. 101. 25. E., lat. 6. 40. N.
Sing Sing, p.v. Westchester Co. N. Y. on the
Hudson, 33 m. above New York. Here is the new
State Prison, a large edifice built of hewn granite.
Sinigaglia, a strong seaport of Italy, in the
duchy of Urbirto, with a castle and two harbours.
It is the see of a bishop, and contains several
fine churches and convents, and a mint. An an-
nual fair is held here from the middle to the end
of July, frequented by merchants from distant
parts. It stands at the mouth of Nigola, in the
gulf of Venice, 17 m. S. E. of Pesaro. Long. 13.
15. E., lat. 43. 43. N.
Si-ning, a city of China, of the second rank, in
the western extremity of the province of Chen-si.
It has a considerable trade with the Tibetians,
particularly in tea. 450 rn. W. N. VV. of Sin-gan.
Long. 101. 35. E., lat. 36. 45. N.
Sinking Spring, p.v. Highland Co. Ohio.
Sinob, or Sinope, a sea-port of Asiatic Turkey,
tn Natolia, surrounded by walls and double ram-
parts ; but the castle is much neglected. Dioge-
nes the cynic philosopher was born here. It is
seated on the isthmus of a peninsula, m the Black
Sea. 260 m. E. of Constantinople. Long. 33. 55.
E., lat. 41. 5. N.
Sioux, Indians, the most powerful tribe in N.
America. They consist of seven independent
bands, each under its own chief; but they are
united in a confederacy for the protection of their
territories, and send deputies to a general council
of chiefs and warriors, whenever the concerns of
the nation require it. They inhabit with trifling
exceptions all the country between the Mississipi
and Missouri rivers, south of N. lat. 46. Their
country includes also large tracts south of the Mis-
souri and east of the Mississippi. They are brave,
spirited, and generous, with proud notions of
their origin as a tribe, and their superiority as hun-
ters and warriors, and with a predominant passion
f6r war. Their number is stated by Pike at 21,
675, of whom 3,800 were warriors.
Sintzheim, a town of Baden, seated in a mo-
rass, 12 m. S. S. E. of Hiedelberg.
Sion, a mountain of Palestine, on the S. side of
Jerusalem, of great celebrity in sacred history.
Sion, or Sitten, a town of Switzerland, capital of
Valais, and an episcopal see. It is situate on the
river Sitten, near the Rhone, at the foot pf three
insulated rocks, which rise immediately from the
plain. On the highest, called Tourbillon, is
the old deserted episcopal palace ; on the sec-
ond, denominated Valeria, are the remains of the
cathedral, and a few houses belonging to the can-
ons ; on Majoria, the third rock, stands the pres-
ent episcopal palace. Sion was formerly the cap-
ital of the Seduni, and some Roman inscriptions
still remain. 50 m. E. of Geneva. Lon*. 7. 22.
E., lat. 46 9. N.
Siout or Osiot, a town of Egypt, which has seve
eral mosques, and is the see of a Coptic bishop.
It is surrounded by fine gardens, and palm-trees
that bear the best dates in Egypt. Here are the
ruins of an amphitheatre and some sepulchres of
the Romans. This place is the rendezvous of those
who -go in the caravan to Sennaar, in Nubia. It
stands on an artificial mount, 2 m. from the Nile,
and one 85 S. of Cairo. Long. 31. 24 E., lat. 27.
Siphunto, the ancient Siphnos, one the best cui
tivated islands of the Grecian Archipelago, situ
ate W. of Paros. It is 36 m. in circumference
and, though covered with marble and granite,
produces corn sufficient for its inhabitants, disc
olives, vines, figs, cotton, and excellent silk, but
not in any considerable quantity. The chief ar-
ticles of commerce are calicoes, straw hats, figs,
onions, honey, wax, oil, and capers. Long. 25.
15. £., lat. 37. 9. N.
Sir Charles Hardy's Island, an island in the Pa-
cific Ocean, discovered by Captain Carteret in
1767. It is low, level, and covered with w7ood.
Long. 154. 20. E., lat. 4. 41. S.
Sir Charles Saunderss Island, an island in the
S. Pacific, about 6 m. in extent from E. tin W.,
discovered by captain Wallis in 1767. The na-
tives then appeared to live inin wuetched manner,
but the introduction of Christianity has since
produced the most surprising improvements.
See Society Isles. Long. 151. 4. W.,lat. 17. 28. S.
Siradia, a towin of Prussian Poland, with a
strong castle. It is surrounded by a wall, and
seated in a plain, on the river Waffa, 62 m. N.
E. of Breslau, and 105 N. W. of Cracow. Long.
18. 55. E., lat. 51. 32.fN.
Siraf, a town of Persia, in the province of La-
ristan, situate on the Persian gulf, 30 m. S. W
of Lar. Long. 43. 23. E., lat. 35. 20. N.
Siravan, a town of Persia, in Kusistan, 48 m
N. N. E. of Suster.
Sire, a town of Abyssinia, in Tigre, famous for
a manufacture of coarse cotton cloths. 40 m. W.
of Axum and 100 W. N. W. of Auzen.
Sirhind, a city of Hindoostan, capital of a coun-
try of the same name, in the province of Dehli.
Procopius takes notice that in the time of Justin-
ian (the sixth century) silk was brought from
Serinda, a country in India. 175 m. N. W. of
Dehli. Long. 75. 35. E., lat. 30. 15. N.
Sirian, a sea-port of Pegu, frequented by the
French, English, and Dutch. It is seated on Pe-
gu River, 30 m. from its mouth, and 80 S. of Pe-
gu. Long. 96. 12. E., lat. 16. 32. N.
Sirius, an island in the S. Pacific, about 18 m.
in circuit, discovered by lieutenant Ball in 1790.
Long. 162. 30. E., lat. 10. 52 S.
Sirmich, or Sirmium, a towin of Sclavonia, and
a bishops see; seated on the Bosworth, near the
Save, 42 m. S. E. of Essek. Long. 20. 19. E.,
lat. 45. 13. N.
Sirowy, a town of Hindoostan, in a district of
the same name, in Agimere; seated near the
Puddar, 70 m. S. W. of Agimere. Long. 74. 27.
E., lat. 26. 1. N.
Sirpy, a town and fort of Hindoostan, in My-
sore, 14 in. N. of Sera and 37 S. E. of Chittel-
Sirr, or Sihon, a river of Independent Taitary
(the ancient Jaxartes), which issues from the
mountains of Imaus, or Belur, on the confines of
Cashgur, and, taking a N. W. course of about
550 m. enters the N. E. part of the lake Aral. It
formerly flowed to the Caspian Sea, but the Tar-
tars, to free themselves from pirates turned its
Sisizan, a sea-port on the E. coast of Luconia,
one of the Philippine islands. Tt is situate almost
opposite Manilla and in the vicinity of very high
mountains, which render the air extremely moist.
Long. 123. 45. E„ lat 14. 20. N.
Sissac, a town of Switzerland, in the canton of
Basel, 17 m. S. E. of Basel.
Sissck, or Siszeg, a strong town of the Austrian