Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 673
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SEV    673    SEW

hanglifg petrifactions. At the like distance to
the N. is Giggleswick Well, a reciprocating
spring, which will sometimes rise and fall nearly
a foot, in a stone trough about a yard square,
every 10 or 15 minutes. Settle is seated on the
Ribble, 38 m. N. N. W. of Halifax and 235 of

Setucket, p.v. Suffolk Co. N. Y.

Sctuval. See Ubes, St.

Seven Islands, a cluster of islands in the Frozen
Ocean, lying in long. 18. 48. E., lat. 80. 31. N
Here captain Phipps, with two ships, was sur-
rounded by the ice, from the 1st to the 10th of
August, 1773, when a brisk wind at N. N. E. ef
fected their deliverance.    (

Seven Islands, islands near the coast of Canada,
on the N. side of the mouth of the St. Lawrence,
at the entrance of a small bay. Long. 66. 5 W.,
at. 50. 10. N.

Sevenbergen, a town of the Netherlands in Bra
oant, 8 m. W. N. W. of Breda.

Sevenoaks, a town in Kent, Eng. In 1450 Jack
Cade defeated tbe royal army near this town. 6
m. N. W. of Maidstone and 23 S. S. E. ofLondon.

Sever, St., a town of France, department of Lan-
des, seated on the Adour, 20 m. E. of Dax and
69 S. by E. of Bordeaux.

Severac, a town in the department inf Aveiron,
in the river Aveiron, 23 m. E. of Rodez.

Sever in, a town of European Turkey, in Wal-
achia, on the Danube, 6 m. W. of Czernetz.

Severina, St., a fortified town of Naples, in Ca-
abria Ultra, and an archbishop's see. It is seated
on a craggy rock, on the river Neto, 8 m. from the
sea and 45. S. E. of Rossano. Long. 17. 14. E.,
lat. 39. 15. N

Severina, St., a town of Italy, in the papal states,
13 m. W. S. VV. of Macerata.

Scverino, St., a town of Naples, in Principato
Citra, on the river Sarno, 10 m. W. S. W. of Poli-

Severn, a river of England, which has its rise
in the mountain of Plynlimmon, in Wales, its
mouth is called the Bristol Channel. This river
has a communication with the Thames, the Trent,
the Dee, and the Mersey, by different canals.

Severn, a river of Md. which waters Annapolis,
and enters by a broad estuary into Chesapeak

Severndroag, a small island of Hindoostan, on
the coast of Concan. Here was a strong fort, be-
longing to Angria the pirate, which was taken by
commodore James in 1756. 63 m. S. by E. of Botn-

Severo, St., a town of Naples, in Capitanata,
seated in a plain, 26 m. W. by N. of Manfredonia
and 75 N. E. of Naples.

Severus's Wail, commonly -called Graham’s
Dike, in the W. of Scotland. It is a work of the
Romans, supposed to be done by the emperor,
whose name it bears, to prevent the incursions of
the Piets and Scots. It began at Abercorn, on the
frith of Forth, 4 m. N. E. of Linlithgow, and ran
W. to the frith of Clyde, ending at Kirkpatrick,
near Dumbarton.

Sevier, a county of E. Tennessee. Pop. 5,117.
Sevierville, the capital is 5 m. S. E. Knoxville.

Sevigny, a town of France, department of Ar
dennes, 12 m. N. W. of Bethel.

Seville, a province of Spain, forming the western
half of Andalusia, and still retaining the title ot
kingdom. It has an area of 9,500 sq m. with 750,
000 inhabitants. The surface is diversified with
beautiful plains and hills, covered with vines and
fruit trees. Agriculture is in a very backward
state, and the manufactures are all on a smal.
scale. The chief towns are Seville (he capital).
Cadiz, Eciia, Xeres, Ossuna, and St. Mary’s, near
Cadiz. '






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Seville, a city of Spain, capital of the above pro-
vince, and an archbishop’s see, seated on the Gua-
dalquivir. It is fortified by strong walls flanked
with high towers, and takes up more ground than
Madrid, although it now has not above 100,000 in-
habitants. The Phenicians called it Hispalis, and
it is the Julia of the Romans, who embellished it
with many magnificent buildings. The Moors
built an aqueduct, still to be seen, 6 m. in len*th.
The cathedral is by some supposed to be ”1116
largest church in the world next to St. Peter’s at
Rome ; the steeple is of enrious workmanship, and
extremely high, consisting of three towers, one
above another, with galleries and balconies. The
churches and convents are opulent and beautiful;
of the latter, that of St. Francis is adorned with a
handsome public square, in the midst of which is
a fine fountain. The university consists of many
colleges ; and the professors enjoy rich pensions.
The royal palace, called Alcazar, was partly built
after the antique by the Moors, and partly in the
modern taste by king Pedro : it is a mile in extent,
and flanked by large square towers, built with
stones taken from the ancient temple of Hercules.
Here is a foundery, and one of the largest depots
for artillery in the kingdom.

The principal manufactures are silk; and be-
hind the Alcazar is a royal snuff manufacture,
which is strictly examined and guarded. The ex-
change is a square building of the Tuscan order,
each front 100 feet in length, and three stories
high. The town house is adorned with a great
number of statues, and there is a large square be-
fore it. with a fine fountain in the midd'e. There
are 120 hospitals richly endowed. The suburb
of Triano stands on the other side of the river,
over which is a long bridge of boats. In this
suburb stood the house of the Inquisition ; and
there are public walks, where most of the inhabi-
tants go to take the air. The situation of Seville
renders it one of the most commercial towns of
Spain. All the trade of that kingdom with the
New World, centered originally, in its port; but,
that of Cadiz being found more commodious, the
galleons sailed from that place after the year 1720
Such vast employment did the American trade
give, at one period, that in Seville alone there
were no fewer than 16,000 looms in silk or wool-
en work ; but, before the end of the reign of Phil-
ip III., they were reduced to 400. The country
around is extremely fertile in corn, wine, &c.
and there is abundance of oil; to the W. of
the river is a grove of olive-trees, 30 m. in length.
Seville was taken by the French in 1810, but they
evacuated it after the battle of Salamanca in 1812.
45 m. from the Atlantic and 212 S. S. W. of Ma-
drid. Lon. 5. 59. AV., lat. 37. 14. N.

Sevres, Deux, a department of France, including
part of the ancient province of Poitou. It is so
named from two rivers that rise here; one, called
Sevre Niortois, flowing W. by St. Maixent, Niort
and Marans, into the Bay of Biscay, opposite the
Isle of Re ; and the other named Sevre Nantois,
which takes a N. W. direction, passes by Clisson,
and enters the river Loire, opposite Nantes. The
department comprises an area of 2,500 sq. m.,
with 260,000 inhabitants, about one eighth
whom are Protestants. Niort is the capital.

Sewalick, a chain of mountains in Hindoostan.
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