Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 655
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SAN    655    SAR

the Toom, 15 m. before its junction with the Ni-
goudeu to form the Tungebadra. On the opposite
Bank is another town called Sanore Bancapour.
It is 103 m. N by W. Chitteldroog and 130 S. by
E. of Visiapour.

Sanquhar, a borough of Scotland, in Dumfries-
shire, with a ruined castle, once the residence of
the Crichton family. It has a trade in coal and
manufactures of carpets and cottons. It is seated
on the Nith, 27 rn. N. W. of Dumfries and 53. S.
VV. of,Edinburgh.

Santaella, a town of Spain, in Andalusia, 24 m.
S. of Cordova.

Santa Fe, the chief town of New Mexico, seated
an the Rio del Norte. It was founded in the be-
ginning of the 17 century. It is surrounded by a
fertile territory, and has lately become a great
mart for the trade between the Mexican provinces
and the United States. This traffic is carried on
by caravans of mules and horse wagons which pro-

ceed generally from St. Louis in Missouri. They
carry to Santa Fe manufactured goods, tobacco,
spirits, &c. and receive specie and bullion in re-
turn. Santa Fe is 1,020 in. W. New Orleans.
1,131 N. N. W. Mexico. Lat. 36. 12. N. Long.
104. 52. W. Pop. 4,000.

Santander, a strong sea-port of Spain, in Astu-
rias, capital of a small district of its name, and a
bishop’s see. The harbour is good, and large
enough to contain a numerous fleet, defended by
two castles, and a mole that advances into the sea.
It is 11 m. N. E. of Santillana. Long. 3. 37. W.,
lat. 43. 27. N.

Santarem, a town of Portugal, in Estremadura,
with a citadel on a mountain ; seated on the river
Tajo, in a country fertile in wheat, wine, and oil,
55 m. N. E. of Lisbon. Long. 8. 20. W.. lat. 39.

18. N.

Santee, a river of S. Carolina, the largest and
longest in that state. It enters the ocean by two
mouths, a little S. of Georgetown. About 120 in.
from its mouth it branches into the Congaree and
Wateree : the latter, which is the N. branch, bears
name of the Catawba River, from this settlement
to its source.

Santen, a town of Germany, in the duchy of
Cleve ; seated on the Rhine, 15 m. S. E. of Cieve.

Santianes, a town of Spain, in Asturias, 17 m.
S. S. W. of Oviedo.

Santillana, a town of Spain, seated in a fruitful
valley,near the Bay ofBiscay, 96 m. E. of Oviedo
and 200 N. of Madrid. Long. 3. 58. W., lat 43.
23. N.

Santorin, the ancient Thera, an island of the
Grecian Archipelago, to the S. of Nio. It is in
the form of a crescent, 10 m. from N. to S. and
from one to four in breadth. Between its two
points, to complete the circle, are the small islands
of Therasia, and Aspronisi; and within these are
three other islands, between which and Santorin
is a road for ships; but it affords no anchorage, on
account of its depth in some places, and rockv
bottom in others. All these island are of volcanic
origin, but the three interior ones are evidently
of much later date. Santorin, in proportion to its
extent, is the richest and most populous island of
the Archipelago. There are two bishops ; the one
Latin, whose see is Scauro, and the other Greek,
whose residence is at Pirgos, near the middle of
the island. The soil is very dry, and far from fer-
tile ; but it produces plenty of barley, cotton, and
wine, in which, and the cotton manufactures, its
trade consists. Fruit is scarce, except figs, and it
has only cistern water. The inhabitants, about





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12,000 in number, are almost all Greeks. Scauro
is ihe capital.

Santos, a sea-port of Brazil, on an island, called
Amiaz, on the W.side of the entrance into Santos
Bay. It is defended by a rampart and two cas-
tles. The town of St. Vincent stands on the
same island, which is 18 m. in circuit. 10 m
from the sea and 190 S. W. of St. Sebastian
Long. 46. 30. W., lat. 24. 15. S.

Saone, a large navigable river of France, which
rises in the Vosges Mountains, and, after a course
of about 200 m. falls into the Rhone at Lyons.

Saone, Upper, a department of France, including
part of the former province of Franche Comte ;
bounded N. by the department of Vosges, and E.
by that of Upper Rhine. It comprises an area of

2,500 square m. with 312,000 inhabitants. The
capital is Vesoul.

Saone-et-Loire, a department of France, includ-
ing part of the former province of Burgundy,
bounded by the departments of Jura, Phone, and
Allier, and comprising an area of 3,500 square m.
with 471,000 inhabitants. It. is named from two
rivers, which flow through it in different direc-
tions. Macon is the capital.

Saorgio, a town of the Sardinian states, in the
county of Nice, situate on the top of a rock, which
is nearly enclosed by the Roia and the Bendola.
On the opposite side of the Roia is a sharp rock,
completely insulated, with an ancient fortress on
the summit, and near the town is a strong fort.
Saorgio was taken by the French in 1794. 19 m.
N. E. of Nice.

Sapienza, three small islands, and a cape, in the
Mediterranean, near the S. coast of tbe Morea.
The largest island was formerly called Sphacteria,
and is famous in ancient history for a victor}7 ob-
tained by the Athenians over the Lacedemonians.
Long. 21. 35. E., lat. 36. 50. N.

Saracens, a people celebrated some centuries
ago, who came from the deserts of Arabia :
in their language signifying a desert. They were
the first disciples of Mahomet, and,within 40 years
after his death, conquered a great part of Asia,
Africa, and Europe. They kept, possession of
Spain till 1511, when they were expelled. Fora
long time they maintained a war in the Holv Land
against the Western Christians, and at length
drove them out of it. There are now no people
known by this name ; for the descendants of those
who conquered Spain are called Moors.

Saragossa, a city of Spain, capital of Arragon,
and an archbishop’s see, with a university. It is
said to have been built by the Phoenicians, and the
Romans sent a colony hither in the reign of Au
gustus, whence it had the name of Caesarea Au-
gusta, which by corruption has been changed into
Saragossa. Before this city was taken by the
French, in 1809. there were many magnificent


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