per bushel of 56 pounds. It is commonly packed
for sale 'n barrels of 5 bushels, and is inspected
and branded oefore removal.
Saline, a township of Columbiana Co. Ohio.
Pop. 664, and villages in Randolph and Gallatin
Saline River, a branch of the Ouachitta in Ar-
kansas, of the Little river of the North in Arkan-
sas, and of Black Lake river in Louisiana.
Saline, a branch of the Ohio in Illinois. On
the banks of this stream, about 20 m. from the
Ohio are extensive salt works owned by the Unit-
ed States Government.
Salinas, a town of Spain, iu Biscay, seated on
the Deva. at the foot of a mountain, 16 m. N. N.
E. of Vittoria, 28 S. S. E. of Bilbao.
Salines,a village of St. Genevieve Co. Missouri.
Sal ins, a town of France, department of Jura,
with a strong fort and famous salt works. In
the neighbourhood are quarries of jasper, alabas-
ter, and black marble. It is seated in a fertile
valley, 29 m. S. of Basancon.
Salisbury, or New Sarum, a city and the capital
of Wiltshire, Eng. and a bishops see. It is situ-
ate in a chalky soil, almost surrounded by the
Avon, Willey, Nadder, and Bourn ; and is ren-
dered particularly clean by a small stream flow-
ing through every street. It has a fine cathedral,
the spire of which is the loftiest in the kingdom.
The town-hall is a handsome building, and stands
in a spacious market-place. Salisbury has man-
ufactures of flannels, linseys, hardware, and cut-
lery. 38 m. S. E. of Bath, 81 W. by S. of London.
Salisbury Craig, a hill in Scotland on the E.
side of Edinburgh, remarkable for a great preci-
pice of solid rock, about one mile long, and in
some parts 100 feet high, which passes wiih some
regularity along its brow.
Salisbury Plain, an open tract in England,
which extends from the city of Salisbury, 25 m.
E. to Winchester and 25 W. to Shallsbury, and
is in some places, from 35 to 40 m. in breadth.
There were so many cross roads on it, and so few
houses to take directions from, that Thomas, earl
of Pembroke, planted a tree at each mile-stone
from Salisbury to Skaftsbury, as a guide for trav-
ellers. That part of it about the city is a
chalky down ; the other parts are noted for feeding
numerous and large flocks of sheep. In this plain,
besides the famous Stonehenge, are traces of ma-
ny Roman and British antiquities.
Salisbury, p.t Merrimack Co. N. H. on the
Merrimeck 64 m. N. W. Concord. Pop. 1,379;
ph. Addison Co. Vt. Pop. 907 ; ph. Essex Co.
Mass. on the Merrimeck 4 m. N. Newburyport,
and 46 N. E. Boston. Pop. 2,519; ph. Litch-
field Co. Conn. 19 m. N. W. Litchfield. Pop.
2,580. This town produces excellent iron ore,
and has many forges and manufactures; ph.
Herkimer Co. N. Y. Pop. 1,999. also towns and
villages in Orange Co. N. Y. Lancaster, Lehigh
and Somerset Cos. Pa. Somerset Co. Maryl.
Rowan Co. N. C. Meigs Co. Ohio, and Wayne
Sallee, a sea-port of the kingdom of Fez, with
several forts. The harbour is one of the best in
the country ; but on account of a bar, ships of
200 tons are forced to lighten their burden before
they can enter. There are docks to build ships,
but they are seldom used, for want of skill and
materials. It is divided into the Old and New
Town, by the river Guero, and was formerly not-
ed for its pirates. 100 m. W. of Fez and 150 S.
oFGibraltar Long. 6. 31. W., lat. 34 ft N.
Salm, a town of the Netherlands, in the prov
ince of Luxemburg, on the borders of Liege, with
an ancient castle on a mountain. 30 in. S. S.
E. of Liege and 45 N. of Luxemburg.
Salm, a town ofFrance, department of Meurte.
with a castle, seated at the source of the Sarre,
26 m. E. of Luneville.
Salmon Creek,two streams of New York,flowing
into L. Ontario and the St. Lawrence.
Salmon Fulls river, the head stream1 of the Pis-
cataqua, dividing Maine from New Hampshire.
Salmunster, a town of Germany, in the district
of Fulda, on the river Kinz, 19 m. S. S. W of
Salo, a town of Austrian Italy, in the Brescian
near the lake Garda, 17 m. N. E. of Brescia.
Stdobrena, a town of Spain, in Granada, with a
castle. It carries on a great trade in sugar and
fish, and is seated on a rock, near the mouth of
a river of the same name, 12 m. E. of Almune-
car, 36 S. of Granada.
Salon, a town ofFrance, department of Mouths
ofthe Rhone, seated on the canal of Craponne,
20 m. W7. N. W. of Aix.
Salona, a town of Austrian Dalmatia, seated on
a bay of the gulf of Venice. It was formerly an
important place, and its ruins show that it was
10 m. in circumference. 7 m. N. of Spalatro.
Salone, a town of Greece, in Livadia, and a
bishops see, seated at the foot of a mountain, oil
the top of which is a citadel. 10 m. N. E. of Le
Salonica, the ancient Thessalonica, a city of
Greece, capital of Macedonia, and an archbishops
see. It is 10 m. in circumference, and is a place
of great trade. The Greeks have 30 churches,
and the Jews nearly as many synagogues. The
inhabitants are computed at 60,000. It is sur
rounded by walls, and defended on the land side
by a citadel, and near the harbour by three forts
It is seated at the head of a noble gulf of the
Archipelago, 310 m. W. of Constantinople. Lon<r
23. 5. E., lat. 40.53. N.
Salpe, a town of Naples, m Capitanata, near
which are some salt-works. It is situate on a
lake, near the sea, 23 m. S. of Manfredonia'and
92 E. N. E. of Naples.
Solse. a town and fortress of France, depart-
ment of Eastern Pyrenees, seated on the lake of
Leucate, 10 m. N. of Perpignan.
Salsette, an island of Hindoostan, lying off the
coast of Concan, to the N. of Bombay, from which
it is separated by a narrow channel, across which
a causeway was carried in 1805, which has much
benefited the island. This island is about 15 m
sq., and is fertile in rice, fruits, and sugar-canes
It has subterraneous temples cut out of the rock,
in the manner of those of Elephanta. In 1773 the
English conquered it from the Mahrattas ; and it
has proved a valuable acquisition to Bombay,
which formerly depended on foreign supplies for
its subsistence. Chief town Tanna.
Salt Creek, townships in Muskingum Hock-
ing and Pickaway Cos., Ohio.
Salt River, a stream of Kentucky, flowing into*'
the Ohio, 24 m. below Louisville; a river of
Missouri flowing into the Mississippi,100 m. above
Salta, a town of Tucuman, of great resort on
account of the large quantities of corn, meal, wine
salt, cattle, and other commodities, which are *
sent hence to most parts of Peru. 280 m. N. N.
W. of St. Jago del Estero. Long. 66. 30. W lat
24. 40. S.