Patta, an island on the coast of Zanguebxr, 10
m. in circuit, inhabited chiefly by Arabians, seat-
ed at the mouth of a river of the same name.
Long. 43. 0. E., lat. 1. 56. N.
Pattan, a town of Hindoostan, in Nepaul, con-
taining several temples, and about 24,000 houses.
10 m. E. S. E. of Catmandu.
Patlensen, a town of Hanover, 7 m. S. by E. of
Patterson, ph. Putnam Co. N. Y. Pop. 1,536.
Patti, a sea-port of Sicily, in Val di Demona,
and a bishops see; seated on the gulf of Patti,
38 m. W. ofMessina Long. 15. 22. E., lat. 38.
Patharu, a town of Hindoostan, in the prov-
ince of Oude, 55 m. N. W. of Canoge and 55 E.
N. E. of Agra.
Pattoasbarg, p.v. Botetourt Co. Va. on James
river, 190 m. W. Richmond.
Pattun, a town of Hindoostan, capital of a dis-
trict of the same name, in Guzerat. It is seated
on the Surswutty, 48 m. N. of Amedabad. Long.
72. 30. E„ lat. 23. 45. N.
Patucket, or Pawtucket Falls,on the Merrimack,
between Lowell and Bracut, are a violent rapid
of 30 feet descent in a course of 60 rods. A bridge
is thrown over them, and on the banks of the ri-
ver are numerous manufactures. See Lowell.
Patuxent, a navigable river of Maryland, which
flows into the W. side of Chesapeak Bay, 30 m.
S. of Annapolis.
Putzow, a town of Bohemia, in Bechin, with a
Carmelite convent, and manufactures of cloth.
17 m. E. of Tabor.
Pau, a town of France, capital of the depart-
ment of Lower Pyrenees, with a castle vVhere
Henry VI. was born. It was the ancient resi-
dence of the kings of Navarre; and, before the
revolution, the capital of Bearn. Here are man-
ufactures of cloth, linen, Sec., and the environs
are productive in wine and fruit. It is seated on
an eminence, by the river called the Gave de
Pau,'97 m. S. of Bourdeaux. Long. 0. 23. WT.,lat.
43. 7. N.
Paul, St., an island in the Indian Ocean. See
Paid, St., a town of Brazil, in a district of its
name, founded bv a colony of Jesuits and Indians
in 1570. The inhabitants are estimated at 20,000,
the greater part of whom are farmers. The town
is pleasantly situated on an eminence, surrounded
on three sides by.low meadow-land, and washed
at the base by rivulets -which almost insulate it
in rainy weather. It is 36 m. from the sea and
190 W. of Rio Janeiro. Long. 45. 56. W., lat.
23. 26. S.
Paul, St., a town of France, department of Pas
de Calais, 18 m. W. N. W. of Arras.
Paid, St., a town in the department of Upper
Vienne, 10 m. S. E. of Limoges.
Paul, St.. a town in the department of Var, 7
in. W. of Nice.
Paul de FenouiUiet, St., a town in the depart-
ment of Eastern Pyrenees, 18 m. W. N. W. of
Paul de Leon, St.,a town ofFrance in the depart-
ment of Finisterre. on a bay of the English Chan-
nel, 30 m. N. E. of Brest. Long. 4. 0. VV., lat.
48. 41. N.
Paul de Omaguas, St., a town of Amazonia, on
tne S. side of the river Amazon, and on the bor-
ders of Peru. Long. 96. 20. W., lat. 4. 10. S.
Paulding, a county of Ohio. Pop. 160.
Paul Troix Chateaux, St., a town of France,
department of Drome, on the side of a hill, 16 in
S. of Montelimar.
Paula, a town of Naples, in Calabria Citra, 12
m. W. N. W. of Cosenza.
Paulograd, a town of Russia, in the govern-
ment of Catharinenslaf, 32 m. E. of Catharinen
slaf. Long. 35. 54. E., lat. 47. 10 N.
Pausa, a town of Saxony, in Voigtland, 7 m.
N. N. W. ofPlauen.
Pausilippo, a mountain 5 m. W. of Naples, cele-
brated for a grotto, which is a passage cut through
the mountain nearly a m. in length, 20 fept in
breadth and 30 in height. People of fashion drive
through this passage with torches; but the coun-
try people find their way by the light, which
enters at the extremities, and at two holes pierced
through the mountain, near the middle of the grotto.
On this mountain is the tomb of Virgil; and its N.
and E. sides are covered with villas and gardens.
Puuzk, a town of W. Prussia, in Pomerelia, near
the W. coast of the gulf of Dantzic, 25 m. N. W.
Pavia, a province of Austrian Italy, in the gov-
ernment of Milan, called for its fertility the Garden
of the Milanese. It is bounded by Parma, Milan,
and Lodi, and comprises an area of 320 sq. m. with
about 120,000 inhabitants.
Pavia, the capital of the foregoing province,
and a bishops see, with a celebrated university,
and a citadel. Besides the cathedral, there are
18 churches, and numerous convents. The chief
articles of commerce are corn, hemp, cheese, and
wine. It was once the capital of Lombardy, and
has undergone various changes. In 1706 it fell
into the hands of Austria; in 1796 it was taken
by the French, and retained till the peace of 1814.
It is seated in a beautiful plain, on the Tesino,
near its conflux with the Po, 17 m. £;. of Milan.
Long. 9. 15. E., lat. 45. 13. N.
Patoasan, the capital of the Isle of St. Thomas,
on the coast of Guinea, and the see of a bishop,
with a fort and a good harbour. It lies under the
equator, in long. S. 30. AV.
Pawlings, ph. Dutchess Co. N. Y. Pop. 1,705.
Pawlet, ph. Rutland Co. Vt. 35 m. N. Ben-
Pawnees, a tribe of Indians in the Missouri Ter
They comprise 3 distinct bands independent in
government, but connected by a general interest
and carry on wars in concert. Their number i s
between 6 and 7,000. The Grand Pawnees re
side in a village on the Loup Fork of the Missouri
and have about 3,500 souls. The village of the
Republican Pawnees is 4 m. distant, and contains
1.000. The Loup Pawnees are established 3 m
farther up the river; their numbers arc about
2.000. They live chiefly by hunting, but practise
a little agriculture, and keep horses and dogs.
Pawtucket, a river rising in Bristol Co. Mass.
and flowing S. into Seekonk river, 4 m. N. E. of
Providence, R. I.
Pawtucket, ph. Bristol Co. Mass. on the above
rivei. Pop. 1,458. The river here divides Massa-
chusetts from B.. I. On the opposite side is the
town of North Providence in Providence Co. R.
I. Pop. 3,503. The two towns are united by a
bridge, and together form one of the largest man-
ufacturing places in the country. The manufac-
tures are mostly of cotton ; they employ 45,000
spindles and 9,000 looms. Phere are three falls in
the river which afford a very great water power
Pawtuxet, a river of R. I. flowing easterly int
Narraganset Bay, 5 m. below Providence. It to-