snla of Malaya, capital of a kingdom of the same
name, famous for a great number of elephants
and for plenty of pepper. It is 140 m. N. E. of
Malacca. Long. 103. 30. E., lat. 3. 55. N.
Painbauf, a sea-port of France, department of
Loire Inferieure, at the mouth of the Loire.
Hence all the ships belonging to Nantes take
their departure, and here they anchor on their ar-
rival. 22 m. W. by N. of Nantes. Long. 1. 59.
W., lat. 47. 17. N.
Painesville, ph. Geauga Co. Ohio, on Lake
Erie. Pop. 1,492. It has a good harbour, and is a
flourishing place with 2 weekly newspapers.
Painesville, p.v. Amelia Co. Va.
Painsicick, a town in Gloucestershire, Eng.
The inhabitants are employed chiefly in the
clothing trade. It stands on the side of a hill, 7
m. S. S. E. of Gloucester.
Paint, townships in Wayne, Holmes, Fayette
and Ross Cos. Ohio.
Painted Post., ph. Steuben Co. N. Y. on the
Tioga Pop. 974.
Paishawur. See Peishore.
Paisley, a town of Scotland, the largest in Ren-
frewshire. It has considerable manufactures of
silk and linen, gauze, ldwn, muslin, cambric,
thread, Ac.; also extensive soap, candle, and
cotton works. The river White Cart divides it
into the Old and New Town, which communicate
by three bridges. The latter stands on the E.
side ofthe river, and consists of many handsome
buildings ; it also contains the magnificent re-
mains of an abbey church, the only one which
Paisley formerly required. By means of the riv-
er, and a canal, vessels of 40 tons can come up
and unload at the quay. 9 m. W. of Glasgow.
Long. 4. 23. W., lat. 55. 57. N.
Paita, a sea-port of Peru, with an excellent
harbour. It has frequently been plundered by
the buccaneers; and in 1741 it was burnt hy
Commodore Anson, because the governor refused
to ransom it. Long. 80. 49. W., lat. 5. 12. S.
Palachy, a town of Hindoostan, in the district of
Coimbetore, with a small fort. In its vicinity a
pot was dug up. a few years since, containing
Roman silver coins of Augustus and Tiberius.
It stands in a well cultivated country, 14 m. S. of
Coimbetore and 37 W. of Daraporam.
Palacios, a town of Spain, in Andalusia, 12 m.
S. of Seville.
Palacios, a town of* Spain, in Leon. 32 m. W.
S. W. of Leon.
Palais, a town ofFrance, capital of the island
of Belleisle. It has a strong citadel, which stood
a long siege against the English in 1761, and
then surrendered on honorable terms. It stands
on the N. E. side of the island, 30 m. S. S. E. of
LOrient. Long. 3. 7. W., lat. 47. 19. N.
Palais, St., a town and district in the depart-
ment of Lower Pyrenees, which, with the town
and district of St. Jean Pied de Port, formed
nearly the whole of the former province of Low-
er Navarre. It is seated on the river Bidouse, 18
m. S. E. of Bavonne. Long. 1. 4. W., lat. 43.
PaLambuan. or Balambuan, a town on the E.
end of the island of Japan, capital of a territory
of its name, which abounds with cotton, rice,
maize, fruit, horses, antelopes, buffaloes, and oxen.
It stands on a bav in the strait of Bali. Long.
114. 25. E., lat. 8l 10. S.
Palamcotta, a town of Hindoostan, in the
province of Tinevelly. Long. 77. 46. £., lat. 8
Palamos, a strong sea-port of Spam, in Cata
Ionia, seated on a bay of the Mediterranean, 58
m. N. E. of Barcelona.
Palamow, a town of Bengal, capital of a well
cultivated district of its name, seated on the
Coyle, 140 m. S. S. W. of Patna.
Palaas. See Pelew Islands.
Palatinate of the Rhine, and Bavaria. See
Rhine and Bavaria.
Palatine, a township of Montgomery Co. N. Y
Palaivan. See Paragoa.
Palazuola, a town of Austrian Italy, in the
province of Brescia, seated on the Oglio, 20 m
W. N. W. of Brescia.
Palembang, a district or kingdom of Sumatra,
on the N. E. coast, conquered by the British in
1812. The chief articles of export are gold, tin,
pepper, silk, ivory, wax, rice, Ac.
Palembang, the capital of the above district
and the emporium of the inland commerce of Su-
matra. The inhabitants consists of Malays, Chi-
nese, and Arabs. This town is seated on a river
of its name, about 60 m. from the sea. Lomr
104. 54. E., lat. 2. 59. S.
Palmcia, a town of Spain, in Leon, capital of a
district of its name, and a bishops see, with five
churches, 11 convents, and two hospitals. It is
seated on the Carrion, 70 m. S. E. of Leon
Long. 4. 28. W., lat. 41. 59. N.
Paleno, a town of Naples, in Abruzzo Citra,
9 m. E. S. E. of Solmona.
Palenzuda, a town of Spain, in Old Castile,
seated on the Arlanza, a little above the influx of
the Arlanzon, 30 m. S. W of Burgos.
Palermo, ph. Waldo Co. Me. 80 m. N. E. Port-
land. Pop. 1,258.
Palermo, a fortified city of Sicily, in Val di
Mazara, capital of the island, and an archbishops
see. It stands on a bay of the same name, on the
N. coast, near the extremity of a kind of natural
amphitheatre, formed by high and rocky moun-
tains. The country between the city and the
mountains is one of the richest plains in the world;
the whole appearing a magnificent garden, filled
with fruitful trees and watered by fountains and
rivulets. The two principal streets intersect each
other in the centre of the city, where they form
a handsome square, called the Ottangolo, from
the centre of which is seen the whole of these no-
ble streets, and the four elegant gates which ter-
minate them, each at the distance of half a mile.
The Porto Felice opens to the Marino, a delight-
ful walk, which has on one side the wall of the
city, and on the other the sea ; and in the centre
is an elegant kind of temple, frequently made use
of as an orchestra. The churches of Palermo are
upwards of 300, and many of them very rich
and magnificent. The cathedral is a large Go-
thic structure, supported within by 80 columns
of oriental granite, and divided into a great num-
ber of chapels, some of which are extremely rich,
particularly that of St. Rosolia, the patroness of
Palermo. The relics of this saint are preserved
in a large box of silver, enriched with precious
stones ; and they are considered as the greatest
treasures of the city. Here are also found the "
tombs of several ofthe ancient Norman kings,and
of the emperors Henry VI. and Frederic II. ofthe
finest porphyry. This city has suffered greatly
at different periods by earthquakes and inunda-
tions. The harbour, defended by two castles, is
dangerously open to the sea from the N. E.; and
even at the anchoring place, ships are in danger