in the territory are numbered at 140,000. On the
nortbern part of the coast is Nootka Sound lying
between a large island and the continent. The
savages which inhabit these parts are better known
than any other of the Northwestern tribes.
These savages call themselves Wakash. Their
height is above the middle stature, and they are
of a muscular frame. Their features are charac-
terized by a prominence of the cheek-bones.
Their face is often very much compressed above
the cheeks, and appears to sink abruptly between
the temples. Their nose, flat at the base, is mark-
ed by wide nostrils, and a round point. Their
forehead is low, their eyes small and black, and
their lips, broad, thick and round. In general,
they are entirely destitute of beard, or, at most
have only a small thin tuft at the point of their
chin. This deficiency, however, is perhaps owing
to an artificial cause ; for, some of them, and,
especially their old men, have bushy beards, and
even mustacbios. Their eye-brows are scantily
supplied with hair, and are always straight; but
they have a considerable quantity of very harsh,
and very strong hair on their head, which, with-
out p single exception, is black and straight, and
floatr on their shoulders. A coarse dress of linen,
with a covering from the skin of the bear or sea-
otter, red, black, and white pigments, with which
they besmear their body, the whole of their or-
dinary costume, in short, forms the image of
wretchedness and ignorance. Their war-dress is
extraordinary. They muffle up their head with
pieces of wood, carved into the representation of
eagles, wolves, and porpoises heads. Several
families live together in the same hut, the wooden
half partitions of which, give it the appearance
of a stable. Some of their woolen stuffs, although
manufactured without a loom, are very good, and
are ornamented With figures of a brilliant colour.
They carve clumsy statues of wood.
Their light canoes, which are flat and broad,
bound over the waves in the steadiest manner,
without the assistance of tiie outrigger, or balance
board., an essential distinction between the canoes
of the American tribes, and those of the south-
ern parts of the East Indies, and the islands of
Oregrund, a sea-port of Sweden, in Upland, on
the gulf of Bothnia, opposite the small island ofGin-
son. The chief article exported is iron, from the
long celebrated mine of Dannemora in its vicinity.
It is 70 m. N. of Stockholm. Long. 18. 5. E., lat.
60. 21. N.
Orel, a govemnjent of Russia, once a province
of the government of Bielgorod. Its capital, of
the same name, is seated on Occa and Orel, 207
m. S. S. W. of Moscow. Long. 35. 20. E., lat. 53.
Orellana, a town of Spain, in Estremadura, 28
m. E. of Marida.
Orenburg, a government of Asiatic Russia,
bounded by European Russia and the government
Orenburg, a town and fortress of the above gov-
ernment. It is a place of considerable commerce,
and is seated on the Ural, 260 m. S. S. E. of Ufa.
Long. 55. 4. E., lat.. 51. 46. N.
Orense, a city of Spain, in Galicia, and a bishop s
see. Here are some celebrated tepid and Put
springs. It is seated at the foot of a mountain, on
the river Minho, 47 m. S. E. of Compostella.
Long. 7. 50. W., lat. 42. 22. N.
Orfa, Ourfa, or Rouah, a city of Turkey, in Di-
arbeck, said to be the Ur of the Chaldees. The
walls are 3 m. in circumference, defended by
square towers; on a rocky hill to the S. is a stately
castle. It has a good trade, particularly in car-
pets and leather, and has a canal to the Euphrates.
The country found is fertile in corn and fruit. It
is 83 m. N. E. of Aleppo and 100 S. W. of Diar-
bekir. Long. 38. 20. E., lat. 36.50. N.
Orford, a borough in Suffolk, Eng. Here are
the remains of a castle, which, with the church,
is a sea-mark. It is seated near the German
Ocean, between two channels, 18 in. E. by N. of
Ipswich and 88 N. E. ofLondon.
Orford, p.t. Grafton Co. N. H. Pop. 1,820;
townships in Kent and Suffolk Co. U. C.
Orford Ness, a capg of England, on the S. E.
coast of Sussex, where a light-house is erected
for the direction of ships. Long. 1. 34. E., lat.
52. 4. N
Orgaz, a town of Spain, in New Castile, with a
castle, 15 m. S. of Toledo.
Orgclet, a town of France, department of Jura,
seated at the source of the Valouse, 30 m. S. S.
W. of Salins.
Orgira, a town of Spain, in the province of
Granada, 25 m. S. of Granada.
Orient. See U Orient.
Orihuela, a town of Spain, in Murcia, and a
bishops see, with a university, and a citadel built
on a rock. The inhabitants have manufactures
of silk, brandy distilleries, and some saltpetre
works ; and here are made curious snuff-boxes,
with the roots of the terebinthus, much esteem-
ed for preserving Spanish snuff. It is seated in a
very fertile country, on the Segura, 12 m. N. E.
Oriskany, p.v. Oneida Co. N. Y. 7 m. from
Utica. Here are manufactures of cdtton and
Orissa, a province of Hindoostan, bounded on
the N. by Bahar and Bengal, W. by Berar, S by
Golconda, and E. by the hay of Bengal. The
greater part of the province now belongs to the
British. It is divided into the districts of Cuttack,
Mohurbunge, and Konjeur.
Oristagni, a fortified town of Sardinia, and an
archbishops see, with a good harbour. It is seat-
ed on the W. coast, on a bay of the same name,
42 m. N. W. of Cagliari. Long. 8. 51. E.,lat. 39.
Orkened, a town of Sweden, in Schonen, 24 m
N. of Christianstadt.
Orkney Islands, the ancient Orcades, a cluster
of islands to the N. of Scotland, from which they
are separated by Pentland Frith. They lie between