vere battle was fought in the neighbourhood
oftl.is place between the French and the Rus-
sians. It is situate on the Dnieper, 340 m.
E. N. E. of Warsaw and 364 S. of Petersburg.
Long. 30. 14. E., lat. 53. 52. N.
Mohrin, a town of Prussia, in Brandenburg, 18
tn. N. N. W. of Custrin.
Mohrungen, a town of Prussia, in the govern-
ment of Konigsberg, situate on a lake of the same
name, which almost surrounds it. Here is an
old castle, formerly a convent, belonging to the
knights of the Teutonic order, in consequence of
whose wars the town has frequently suffered. It
is 56 m. S. S. W. of Konigsberg and .56 S. E. of
Moilah, a town and fort of Arabia Petrea, on
the coast of the Red Sea, 130 m. S. of Acaba and
180 N. AV. of Medina. Long. 33. 50. E., lat. 27.
Moira, a township of Franklin Co. N. Y. Pop.
Moirans, a town of France, department of Isere,
25 m. S. E. of Vienne.
Moissac, a town of France, department of Tarn-
et-Garonne, with a trade in corn and flour ; situ-
ated on the Tarn, near its confluence with the
Garonne*, 18 m. N. W. of Montauban.
Mola di Bari, a town of Naples, in Terra di
Bari, seated on the gulf of Venice, 17 m. E. of
Mola di Gaeta, a town of Naples, in Terra di
Lavora, seated near the sea, 3 m. N. E. of
Mold, a town of AVales, in Flintshire. It is sur-
rounded by rugged hills, rich in mineral treas-
ures. 5 m. S. of Flint and 201 N. W. of London.
Moldavia, a province of Turkey in Europe,
bounded N. by Austrian Poland, E. by Russia, S.
by Turkey, and W. by Transylvania. The prin-
cipal rivers are the Danube, Pruth, and Sereth.
The W. part is mountainous, and there are some
uncultivated deserts ; but it abounds in good pas-
tures, which feed a great number of horses, oxen,
and sheep ; it also produces corn, pulse, honev,
wax, fruits, with plenty of game and fowls. The
sovereign, who is styled hospodar, is tributary to
the grand seignior. Jassy is the principal town.
Mole, a port of St. Domingo. See Nicholas,
Molfetta, a town of Naples, in Terra di Bari,
seated on the Gulf of Venice, 10 m. W. bv N. of
Molieres, a town of France, department of Tarn-
et-Garonne, 11 m. N. of Mont Auban.
Molina, a strong town of Spain, in New Castile,
seated on a river of the same name, in a territory
abounding in pastures, 108 m. E. N. E. of Madrid.
Molise, a province of Naples, in the form of a
triangle, whose sides are 39 m. long, lying be-
tween Terra di Lavoro, Abruzzo Citra, Capitanata,
and Principato Ultra. It is a mountainous coun-
try, but fertile in corn, wine, saffron, and silk.
It suffered much damage by an earthquake in
1805, when upwards of 20,000 of the inhabitants
Molise, the capital of the foregoing province,
with a castle. 50 m. N. N. E. of Naples. Long.
14. 43. E., lat. 41. 36. N.
Mollen, a strong town of Denmark, in the duchy
of Lauenburg, seated on the Steckenitz, 8 m. S.
Molsheim, a town of France, department of
Lower Rhine, seated on the Brosch, 10 m. W. of
Moluccas, or Spice Islands, a number of islands
in the Indian Ocean, lying E. of Celebes. They
include those from Mortay in the N. to Banda in
the S., and from Mysol in the E. to Bouro in the
W. The other principal ones are Gilolo, Ceram,
Amboyna, Ouby, Ternate, Tidore, Motir, Machi
an, and Bachian. Except Gilolo, they produce
neither corn, rice, nor cattle, but they have
oranges, lemons, and other fruits; and are most
remarkable for spices, especially cloves and nut-
megs. On the shores there are large rocks of
coral, of great variety and beauty.
The clove tree, (now calle-d by botanists Euge-
nia caryophyllata.) is about forty or fifty feet high,
with long pointed leaves tike those of the laurel.
Some compare its appearance to that of the beech.
At the beginning of the wet season in May, it
throws out a profusion of leaves. Soon after, the
germs of the fruit are to be seen at the extremities
of the shoots, and in four months the cloves are
fully formed. The fruit, at first of a green colour,
assumes in time a pale yellow, and then a blood
red. At this period, it is fit to be used as a spice,
consequently this is the clove harvest. But to
open sufficiently for the purposes of propagation,
it requires three weeks longer; in which period
it swells to an extraordinary size, loses much of
its spicy quality, and contains a hard nucleus like
the seed of the bay. It is now called the Mo-
ther Clove. There are five varieties of this fruit
It has a more limited geographical distribution
than any other useful plant. It was originally
confined to the five Molucca islands, and chiefly
to Makian. It had been conveyed to Amboyna
a very short time before the arrival of the Portu-
guese. Not partial to large islands, it does not
grow well in Gilolo, Ceram, Booro, or Celebes.
It bas been cultivated, and has produced fruit, in
the western part of Oceanica. It has also borne
fruit, though of inferior quality, fax these fifty
years in the Mauritius. Even at Amboyna, the
tree is not productive before the tenth or twelfth
year of its growth, and requires great attention
whereas, in the parent islands, it bears in its
seventh or eighth year, and requires very little
care or culture. It neither thrives near the sea
nor on the high hills. The gathering, the drying,
and the packing of it, are all as simple operations
as possible; and very little care is required for
its preservation as an article of commerce.
The most remarkable animals in these islands
are the barhiroussa, the opossum, the phalanger,
the Indian jerboa, and the chevrotain or Moschvs
pygmaeus. There are but few domestic animals.
The eye is delighted with the magnificent plum-
age of some of the birds, such as the bird of para