Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 495
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MEX    495    MEX

N E. of Pans. Long. 6. 10. E., lat 49. \

Metzovo. a range of mountains in European
Turkey, separating Albania from Thessaly. It
ls^he ancient Pindus. There is a village of this
Same among the mountains.

Meudon, a village of France, with a magnifi-
cient royal palace and park; seated on the Seine,
m. S. of Paris.

Meulan, a town of France, department ofSeine-
et-Oise ; seated on the Seine, over which is a
stone bridge of 21 arches, 26 m. N. W. of Par-

Meurs, or Moers, a town of the Prussian states,
capital of a small principality of the same name. It
has a castle, and was formerly a place of strength,
but its fortifications were destroyed in 1764. 16
m. N. N. E. of Dusseldorf.

Meurlhe, a town of France, including part of the
former province of Lorraine. It is bounded by the
department of Moselle, Vosges, and Meuse, and
comprises an area of 2,500 sq. m., with 365,600
inhabitants. The climate is temperate, and the
soil in general fertile. Nancy is the capital.

Meurthe, a river of France, which rises in the
department of Vosges, and flows by Luneville
and Nancy into the Moselle.

Meuse, a river which rises in France, in the
department of Upper Marne. It enters the Neth-
erlands at Givet, flows to Charlemont, Namur,
Huy, Liege, Maestricht, Ruremonde, Venlo,
Grave, Battenburg, Ravestern, Gorcum (where
it receives the Waal), and Worcum. At Dort it
divides into four principal branches, the most
northern of which is called the Merve. These
form the island of Yaselmonde, Voom, and Over-
slackee, and enters the German Ocean below Briel,
Hel voetsluys and Goree.

Meuse, a department of France , including the
farmer duchy of Bar. It is bounded by the grand
duchy of Luxemburg, and the departments of
Moselle, Vosges, Marne, and Ardennes, and com-
prises an area of 2,500 sq. m. with 285,000 inhabi-
tants. Bar sur Ormain is the capital.

Mewar, an extensive district of Hindoostan,
province of Agimere, lying chiefly between 25.
and 26. of N. lat.

Meu-at, a hilly and woody tract of Hindoostan
lying on the S. W. of Dehli, confining the low
country, along the W. bank of the Jumna, to a
comparatively narrow slip, and extending west-
ward 130 m. From N. to S. it is 90 m. Its inhab-
itants, the Mewatti, have been ever characterized
as the most savage and brutal, and are still noted
as thieves and robbers. The country contains
some strong fortresses on steep or inaccessible
hills. It is nominally possessed by the rajah of

Mexicano, or Adayes, a river of New Mexico, on
the confines of Louisiana, which runs into the
gulf of Mexico.

Mexico, a country of N. America, now forming
an independent republic, situated between 42. and
113. W. long., and extending from the Pacific
Ocean to to the Carribean Sea, the gulf of Mexico
and the Sabine River. It comprises an area of

1,700,000 sq. m. with about 7,000,000 ofinhabi
tants. In general it is a mountainous country
intermixed with many rich valleys: the highest
mountains many of which are volcanoes, are near
the coast of the Pacific Ocean. The eastern shore
is a flat country, IbH of impenetrable forests, with
hogs and morasses, overflowed in the rainy sea-
£fju, which is from April to September Although
a considerable portion of Mexico is within the
torrid zone, the climate in general i
3 temperate
and healthy. No country abounds more with
grain, fruits, roots, and vegetables, many of them
















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feculiar to the country, or at least to America,
t is also celebrated for its mines of gold and sil
ver, and has quarries of jasper and porphyry, and
exquisite marble. Cdchineal is almost peculiar
to this country; its indigo and cocoa are supeunr
to any in America; and its logwood has long
been an important article of commerce. Among
the quadrupeds are the puma, jaguar, bears, elks,
wolves, deer, &c. The peccary of this country is
sometimes called the Mexican hog. These ani-
mals frequent the mountainous and woody parts
and go in large herds together. They commit
great ravages among the sugar-canes, maize, man
ihot and potato fields. In Guiana the Indians shoot

them with poisoned arrows blown through a tube.
The domestic animals of Europe, particularly
horned cattle, have multiplied here, almost with
incredible rapidity. Numbers of these having
been suffered to run wild, now range over the
vast plains, in herds from 30,000 to 40.000 ; they
are killed merely for the sake of their hides, which
are annually exported, in vast quantities, to Eu-
rope. The inhabitants consist of native Spaniards ,
Creoles, who are descendants of Europeans ; Mu-
lattoes, the issue of whites and negroes ; Mesti-
zoes, descendants of whites and Indians; Zam-
boes, descendants of negroes and Indians; and
African negroes, with whom are classed a mixed
extraction from Europeans, Africans, Indians,
and Malays or others of Asiatic origin. Far from
becoming extinct, the indigenous population goes
on increasing, especially during the last hundred
years; and accordingly, it would appear that, in
total amount, these countries are more populous
at present than they were previously to the arri-
val of Europeans. The kingdom of Montezuma
did not equal in extent the eighth part of New
Spain as it now exists. The great towns of the
Aztecs, and their most cultivated lands were met
with in the environs of the capital of Mexico, and
particularly in the delicious valley of Tenochti-
tlan. The kings of Alcolhuacan, of Tlacopan, and
of Mechoacan, were independent princes. Be-
yond the parallel of 20. were the Chichimegs and
Otomites, two wandering and barbarous nations,
whose hordes, though far from numerous, pushed
their incursions as far as Tula, a town situated
near the northern border of the valley of Tenoch-
titlan. It would be just as difficult however
to estimate, with any degree of accuracy, the
number of Montezuma’s subjects, as it would be
to decide respecting the ancient population of
Persia, Carthage, or Greece, or even with
regard to many modern states. History presents
us, on the one hand, with a train of conquerors


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