Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 474
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MAK    474    MAL

contiguous to Bohemia and Saxony, comprising
an extent of 3,460 sq. m. with434,000 inhabitants.
The manufactures, though confined to the pro-
ductions of the province, viz. the metals, flax, and
timber, are considerable. Bayreuth is the capi-

Maine-et-Loire, a department of France, bounded
by the departments of Mayenne, Sarthe, and In-
dre-et-Loire, comprising an extent of 4,000 sq. m.
with 404,600 inhabitants. The soil is in general
fertile, producing corn, flax, hemp, fruit, and wine)
and the manufacture of linen is carried on to a
considerable extent. Angers is the capital.

Maine and Tauber, a circle of Baden, comprising
the N. E. portion of the grand duchy, and a small
tract on the Maine, insulated from the rest by part
of Bavaria. Wertheim is the chief town.

Mainland, the principal of the Shetland Isles,
is 60 m. long, and from
6 to 18 broad, and is di-
vided into eight parochial districts. The face of
the country exhibits a prospect of black, craggy
mountains, and marshy plains, interspersed with
some verdant spots, which appear smooth and fer-
tile. The mountains abound with various kinds
of game ; the lofty cliffs, impending over the sea,
are the haunts of eagles, falcons, and ravens; the
deep caverns underneath shelter seals and otters;
and to the winding bays resort the swans, geese,
scaups, and other aquatic birds. The seas abound
with fish, such as the herring, cod, turbot, and
haddock ; lobsters, oysters, muscles, Ac., are also
plentiful; while the rivulets and lakes abound
with salmon, trodt, Ac. The hills are covered
with sheep of a small breed, and of a shaggy ap-
pearance ; but their fleece is very soft, and ex-
tremely fine. Their horses are of a diminutive
size, but remarkably strong and handsome, and
are well known by the name of Shelties. There
is an immense store of peat, but no coal. The in-
habitants are estimated at about 14,000. They
have some manufactures of linen and woolen cloth,
but their chief employment is derived from the
fisheries. Lerwick is the capital.

Mainland, the principal of the Orkney islands.

Maintemm, a town of France, department of
Eure-et-Loire, seated between two mountains on
the river Eure, 11 m. N. by E. of Chartres.

Maire, La, a strait of S. America, between Terra
del Fuego and Staten Land, about 15 m. long, and
as many broad.

Maisa, a town of Hungary, in Little Cumania,
with 4,100 inhabitants. 17 m. S. by W. of Fele-

Maixant, St. a town of France, department of
Deux Sevres, with a trade in corn, and manufac-
tures of stockings, woolen stuffs, Ac. It is
seated on the Sevre Niortoise, 36 m. S. W. of

Majomho, a country on the coast of Guinea, be-
tween Biafara and Gabon, of which little is

Majorca, the principal of the Balearic Isles, 40
m. long and 35 broad, situate in the Mediterrane-
an Sea, between Ivica and Minorca. The whole
coast is lined witli strong towers. The N. W.
part is mountainous ; the rest produces good corn,
olive-trees, fine honey, and delicate wine. Palma
is the capital.

Majumba. See Mayumba.

Makarev, a town of Russia, in the government
of Niznei Novogorod, situate on the Volga, 24 m.
E. N. E. of Niznei Novogorod.

Makarief. or Makareu, a town of Russia, in the
government of Kostroma. It is seated on the
river Unza, 140 m. E. of Kostroma. Long. 44

14. E., lat. 58. 50. N.

Makefield, p.t. Bucks Co. Pa.

Maker, a village in Cornwall, Eng. 7 m. S. E.
of St. Germains, on an eminence, forming the W.
point of the Hamoaze, at Plymouth. On the
heights is a very strong battery ; and the steeple
of the church, called Maker Tower, it is a noted
sea-mark. Long. 4. 10. W.,lat. 50. 21. N.

Malabar, a maritime province of Hindoostan,
lying between 10. and 13. N. lat., now under the
dominion of the British. It consists either of flat
land washed by the sea, or of different ranges of
hills, extending to the foot of the mountains ; and
it is intersected by a number of mountain
streams. Its chief produce is timber, sandal-
wood, cocoa-nut, coir, and black pepper. Its
principal towns are Calicut, Tellicherry, and Can-
anore. The inhabitants are principally Hindoos ;
but there are also Jews, Mahomedans, and Chris-

Malacca, or Malaya, an extensive country of In-
dia, beyond the Ganges, bounded on the N. by
Siam, E. by the ocean, and S. W. by the strait
of Malacca, which separates it from Sumatra. It
is 775 m. in length and 125 in breadth ; and pro-
duces a great many excellent fruits and roots,
pepper, and other spices, with some precious
gums and woods. There is but little corn, and
sheep and oxen are scarce ; but hogs and poultry
are plentiful. The Malays are rather below the
middle stature; their limbs well shaped; their
complexion tawny ; their eyes large; and their

hair long, black, and shining. They are fond oi
navigation, war, plunder, emigration, adventures
and gallantry; talk incessantly of their honor and
bravery, and speak the softest language of Asia ;
yet they are deemed the most treacherous and fe-
rocious people on the face of the globe. The gov-
ernment is vested in a rajah, or sultan, with n
great number of chiefs under him, who generally
pay yery little regard to his authority. Their re
ligion is a mixture of Mahomedism and paganism.
The inland parts are possessed by a savage and
barbarous people.

Malacca, the capital of the above country, situ-
ate on the western coast. The Portuguese had a
factory here, which was taken from them by the
Dutch in 1640; it was subjected to the English
in 1795; restored to the Dutch in 1818 ; but is
now under the authority of Great Britain, and is
one of the principal stations of the London Mis-
sionary Society. It is seated on the strait of its
name, 480 m. S. E. of Acheen. Long. 102. 5
E., lat. 2. 12. N.

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Brookes' Universal Gazetteer of the World (1850)


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