Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 473
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MAI    473    MAI

Maine, one of the United States, and consti
luting the north-eastern extremity of the Union.
It extends from 43 . 5. to 47. 20. N. lat. and from
66. 49. to 71. 4. W. long, bounded N. and N. W.
by Lower Canada. E. by New Brunswick, S. by
the Atlantic, and W. by New Hampshire, and
containing 30,000 square m. The northern limit,
as fixed by the king ofthe Netherlands, has some-
what reduced the state from its former dimensions.
The northern parts are mountainous, and a part
of the north-western limit is formed by one of the
extremities of the Apalachian chain. Mount
Katahdin or Ktaadn an isolated peak in the
north is 5,385 feet in height , and several other
elevations exceed 4,000. The mountains are cov-
ered with wood, and indeed all the northern re-
gions may be considered as one great forest. Here

imports for 1829, were valued af742,/81 , die ex
ports of domestic produce, 729,106 dollars ; the
total exports 737,832 dollars. The fisheries are
very productive ; the fish annually taken are esti-
mated to be worth nearly half a million of dollars.
The northern parts of the state furnish vast quan-
tities of timber. The trees are felled in the depth
of winter by parties which penetrate into the
.woods in autumn for that purpose, and cut down
the trees after the ground is covered with snow
sufficiently to enable them to drag the timber by
oxen to the rivers where they are rolled upon the
ice. When the rivers, break up in the spring the
logs are floated down to the sea. Where the riv
ers are wide and uninterrupted by falls, the log!
are fastened together in immense rafts.

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is still to be found the moose, a wild animal
which has disappeared from almost every other
part of the United States. The trees are princi-
pally pine, hemlock, spruce and birch. Toward
the sea grow the white and red oak, but these
trees are not abundant. The chief rivers in
Maine are the Penobscot, Kennebec, Androscog-
gin, and Saco which rise among the mountains
and flow southerly into the Atlantic. These
streams have a rapid course and in the upper part
are much broken by falls. The Walloostook Aroos-
took and Allagash, in the north, flows into the
St. Johns. The St. Croix forms a part of the east-
ern boundary. There are many lakes in this
state, the largest of which are the Moosehead,
Chesuncook, and Schoodic. The coast is indent-
ed with a great number of bays and inlets of the
sea. and no state in the Union has so many ex-
cellent harbours. Along the coast are also scat-
ered manv fine islands, a great number of which
are populous and well cultivated. The mineral

Iron and lead in small quan-

dort-'ons are fe


pro


tines have been discovered. Slate and limestone
are abundant: lime is burnt for exportation at
Th -■ mast-:-wn and Camden, and all the New Eng-
land States are supplied from this quarter. The
soil am -nj the mnnntainous parts aDd on the
coast is inferior, but there are many tracts in tli«
interior c-figreat fortuity. AVheat. barley, rve and
potatoes are extensively cultivated. Maize also
receives attention, but does not thrive so well
here as in the other New England States. The
climate is the coldest in the United States ; and
in the spring heavy f:-gs are common. The
summer is hot bet of short continuance.

The inhabitants subsist mostly by agriculture
and maritime
entennize. There are few manu-
factures
in the state except domestic fabrics.
The commerce is chiefly confined to the exporta-
tion coastwise of
lumber, fish. lime, plaster &c.
There is also some
trade to the West Indies. The
shipping in 1827, amonnted to 202.335 tons. The
60

This state is divided into 10 counties. The
capital is Augusta. The legislature consists of a
Senate and House of Representatives, the mem-
bers of which are chosen annually. The Gover-
nor is also elected annually All the elections
are popular, and suffrage is universal. The most
numerous religious sect is that of the Baptists ;
they have 148 ministers ; the Calvinistic congre-
gationalists have 107; the Methodists 56; the
Unitarians
8 ; the Episcopalians 4 ; the Catholics

4. There are also 30 societies of Quakers, 50 cf
Freewill Baptists; 3 of Sandemanians and some
Universalists. There are colleges at Brunswick
and Waterville and theological seminaries at Ban-
gor and Readfield. Common schools are support-
ed bv law and the business of education receives
great attention.

There are some Indians remaining in this state,
chiefly of the Pennobscot tribe. Their settle-
ments are on the Penobscot, and cn Passama-
quoady Bay. The population of Maine-is 399,462.
This state wins originally a part of Massachusetts
with the title ofthe District of Maine. In 1820
it was admitted into the Union as an independent
State.

The most populous part of the state lies along
the coast. The northern part is unsettled. The
largest town is Portland; the other principal
towns are Bath, Hallowed, Gardiner, Bangor,
AViscasset, Thomastown, Eastport, Lubec and
York.

Maine, alarge river of Germany, formed by two
streams called the Red and AA'kite Maine, which
rises among the mountains of Franconia. It joins
the Rhine a little above Mentz.

Maine, Loicer, a circle of the Bavarian states,
contiguous to Baden, Hesse-Cassel, and Ilesse-
Darmstadt, comprising a superficial extent of 3000
sq. m. with 423,000 inhabitants. The principal
products are corn and wine. Wurtzburg is the
capital.

Maine, Upper, a circle of the Bavarian states,
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