Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 376
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amna, the Ganges, and their numerous tributary
ivers. Farther east, they seem to be penetrated
»y several rivers, as the Gonduh, the Arum, the
Teesta, and Cosi, and the Burrampooter. The
geography of the countries to the east of this last
iver is so little known, that it is a question
whether the same mountain range is continued
any farther. It seems agreed that, if it is contin-
ued, its height ceases to be equally great; it is
orobable, however, that a continuation of it ex-
tends along the northern frontier of the provinces
of Quang-si and Quang-tong all the way to the
Chinese sea, declining gradually as it advances to
he east.

The following are the heights of some of the
peaks which have been ascertained :

Dhawalagivri, or the AVhite Mountain,
near the sources of the Gonduk river,
above the level of the sea,    -    -    26,862

.amootri,...... 25,500

Dhaiboon, seen frqm Catmandoo, -    24,768

Another peak seen from the same capital, 24,625
Another near to the preceding,    -    -    23,262

A third in the same vicinity,    -    -    23,052

Peak St. George, -    22,240

Thus the Himmaleh mountains exceed in eleva-
tion the Andes of America; that of Chimborazo,
the highest of the latter, not exceeding 21,470
feet above the sea. Through/this stupendous
chain there are different passes, but all of them la-
borious to travel, and some highly dangerous.
One of the most practicable is that which in its
upper part, follows the bed of the river Sutledge.
To the east of this, there are some practicable
only at a favourable season, and where the trav-
eller still runs the hazard of being caught in a
fall of snow, or otherwise perishing with cold.
Through the whole mountainous tract, and even
before ascending much ahove the inhabited parts,
the traveller is liable to be attacked with an alarm-
ing failure of respiration, from the great rarity of
the air, an affection attributed by the natives to-
various fanciful and sometimes superstitious cau-
ses. Some of the most difficult passes are occa-
sionallv traversed by marauding parties from the
one side of the Himmaleh to carry off the property
of the inhabitants on the other. Such passes ex-
ist between Nepaul and Thibet.or that stripe lying
close to the north side of the Himmaleh which is
inhabited by Bhootees, and may probably come
under the name of Bootan, a name of which we
are not at present able to assign the exact local
extent. Here there are also one or more easier
passes chiefly along the beds of the rivers Gon-
duk, Arum, and Teesta. Hence armies have
crossed from Nepual to attack the territory of Thi-
bet, and a Chinese army has in return invaded
and subjugated Nepaul. The difficulty of access
to these regions, heightens the ardour of the ad-
miring Hindoo, actuated in some degree hy curi-
osity, but much more by superstition, to bathe
himself in the icy streams which give origin to
‘he Ganges or its mighty tributaries ; to contem-
plate the mystic rock, which so closely resembles
the hind quarters of a bullock, and is reputed to
have been the result of a holy transmutation of a
divine being, a scene where it is reckoned a merit
to make a voluntary sacrifice of life, by precipita-
ting the body over the fatal crag. Superstition
has in many instances chosen to cherish its pro-
pensities in localities signalized as the origin of
large and fertilizing rivers. No where is this
carried so far as in this mountainous tract, and it
must be confessed, that in no locality is the sub-
lime character of the scenery so much in unison
with such feelings. In the Hindoc Pantheon
Himmaleh is defined, and is described as the father
of the Ganges, and of her sister Ooma, the spouse
of the destroying power Siva, the favourite object
of propitiatory adoration.

Hinchinbrook Isle, an island on the west coast
of America, in Prince William’s Sound. Lat.
60. 24. N., and long. 142. 35. to 146. 10. W.

Hinchinbrook Isle, one of the New Hebrides, in
the Pacific Ocean. Long. 168. 38. E., lat. 17. 25.
S.

Hinehleij, a town in Leicestershire, Eng. It
has a large church, with a lofty spire ; and had
formerly a castle and walls, traces of which are
still to be seen. Here is a considerable manufac-
ture of common stockings, thread, and worsted
It is seated on an eminence, 12 in. S. W. of Lei-
cester, and 99 N. N. W. of London.

Hinddopen, a town of the Netherlands, in
Friesland, seated on the Zuider Zee 21 m. S. S.
W. of Lewarden.

Hindia, a town of Hindoostan, capital of a
country of the same name, in Candeish ; situate
on the S. hank of the Nerbudda, 90 m. N. N. E.
of Burhampour.

Hindoostan, or India, and by the Aborigines,
called Bharatta, a region of Asia, which com-
prises all the countries between the mountains of
Tartary and Thibet on the N., Bootan, Assam, and
the bay of Bengal, on the E., the Indian Ocean
on the S., and the same ocean and Persia on the
W. But this country must be considered under
the three grand divisions of Hindoostan Proper,
the Deccan, and the Peninsula. Hindooston Pro-
per includes the provinces of Bengal, Bahar, and
all those that lie to the N. of the river Nerbudda;
the principal of which are Agimere, Agra, Alla
habad, Cashmere, Dehli, Guzerat, Lahore, Malwa,
Moultan, Oude, and Sindy. The Deccan has been
extended to the whole region S. of Hindoostan
Proper; but in its most restricted sense, it means
only the countries situate between Hindoostan
Proper and the river Kistna. See
Deccan. The
tract S. of the river Kistna, is generally called the
Peninsula; although its form does not authorize
that appellation : it includes a small part of Gol-
conda, Mysore, and the Carnatic, with Madura,
and other smaller districts; the W. coast being
called that of Malabar, and the E. that of Coro-
mandel. The sheiks possess Lahore, part of Moul-
tan and Delhi; the king of Candahar, Cashmere,
Cabul, Sindy, and part of Moultan ; Berar and
Orissa, Malwa, Candeish, Visiapour, and part of
Agimere and Guzerat, are in the possession of the
Mahrattas ; and the nizam of the Deccan posses-
ses Golconda, part of Dawlatabad and Berar.

The British possessions are Bengal, Bahar, part
of Allahabad, and Orissa, the Northern Circars,
the Jaghire in the Carnatic, the countries north
and south of Calicut, Bombay, and the island of
Salsette. The allies of the British are the Rajahs
of Mysore, Tanjore, Madura, Travancore, Tritch-
inopoly, the nabobs of Oude and Arcot, and the
district of Cochin. The principal rivers are the
Ganges, the Indus, Nerbudda, Puddar, Taptee,
Caggar, Mahanada, Godavery, Kistna. The chief
mountains are the Himmaleh, the western and
eastern Ghauts, and those which divide Bengal
from Ava. The number of inhabitants is upwards
of 100,000,000, of which the greater proportion
are idolaters, and are divided into three great
sects; the first worship the Triad, Brahma,
Vishnu, and Siva; the second are the followers



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Brookes' Universal Gazetteer of the World (1850)


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