in l?2l, 1,861, and of the parish 12,769 more;
there is another parish and town of the same
name in the county of Tyrone. Pop. of the town
415, and of the parish 7,693.
Dromore, p.t. Lancaster Co. Pa.
Dronero/ a town of Piedmont, at the foot of the
Alps, on the river Maira, 15 m. S. S. W. of Sa-
luzzo, and about the same distance W. by N. of
Cuni. It contains 6 churches, and has a fine
bridge across the river. Pop. about 6,500.
Drontheim, the most northerly of the four great
diocesses of Norway, extending from the lat. of
62. 5. to 65. 20. N. being about 80 miles in mean
breadth ; it is intersected by several small streams,
and the coast is indented with numerous inlets
and bays, and flanked with numerous islands;
although a dreary district, the industry of the in-
habitants counteracts in a considerable degree
the inhospitality of its position and climate. It
is divided into 80 parishes containing a population
of about 250,000, having considerably increased
during the last and present century. The chief
town of the same name is seated on a point of
land, formed by a deep inlet, about 40 m. from
the open sea, in the lat. of 63. 26. N. and 10. 22.
ofE. long., 253 m. N. E. of Bergen, about the
same distance due N. of Christiana, and 360 N.
W. of Stockholm. It was the residence of the
ancient kings of Norway, and is now the princi-
pal trading town of the diocese, and exports a
very considerable quantity of fir timber and deals,
some pitch, tar, peltry, &c. It is the residence of
the bishop of the diocese ; the cathedral is a state-
ly edifice; the houses are mostly built of wood,
hut the streets are commodious, and in the sum-
mer season this town is not an unpleasant resi-
dence. Pop. about 9,000.
Drosendorf, a town of Austria, with an ancient
castle, seated on the Toya, on the frontier of Mo-
ravia, 10 ra. N. of Horn.
Drossen, a town of Brandenburg, in the New
Mark, 14 m. S. E. of Custrin.
Drum, the name of two parishes in Ireland, one
in the county of Mayo, and the other in Roscom-
mon ; there are also about thirty other parishes,
and several villages in different parts of Ireland
beginning with Drum, such as Drumara, Druru-
boe, Drumcannon, &c. &c.
Drumsna,, a town of Ireland, in the county of
Leitrim, seated on the E. bank of the Shannon, 4
m. S. E. of Carrick, and 73 from Dublin, it is
rather a neat town. Pop. in 1821, 606.
Drusenheim, a town of France in the depart-
ment of Lower Rhine, seated on the Motter, near
the Rhine, 15 m. N. by E. of Strasburg.
Druses, a community of people in Syria,
which had its origin in a fanatical persecution
of a caliph of Egypt, against the Mahomedans.
About the beginning of the 11th century, the ca-
liph and his prophet (a native of Persia), both met
a violent death, and such of their disciples (the
Druses)'as adhered to their tenets, fled for a refuge
to the mountains of Lebanon,and Antilibanus; from
whence they successively made war against the
Crusaders, the Sultans of Aleppo, the Mamelukes
and Turks ;they were effectually subdued by Am-
lrath III. in 15:8, who imposed a regular tribute
upon them, appointing an emir or chief whom he
invested with executive power, and held him re-
sponsible for the payment of the tribute. This
organization, however, the Druses soon turned
against the Turks, with whom they have since
been involved in repeated conflicts with alter-
nate success; they still maintain a nominal inde-
pendence, occupying ahout 70 miles of coast from
Saide the ancient Sidon, to Gebail or Djebail
Bairut or Berut (which see) being their chief sta-
tion. Their number is estimated at about 120,
000, all the males being trained to arms. Their
language is the Arabic ; and they now appear to
have but little religion of any kind, praying indif
ferently in Christian churches or Turkish mosques.
Dryburg, or Driburg, a town in the Prussian
States, seated near the source of a stream, falling
into the Weser, in the principality of Paderborn;
it is pleasantly located and distinguished for its
baths ; 10 m. E. of the town of Paderborn.
Dryden, p.t. Tomkins Co. N. Y. Pop. 5,206.
Duanesburgh,p.t. Schenectady Co. N. Y. Pop
Dublin, a maritime and fertile county on the
E. coast of Ireland, being about 30 miles in ex-
treme length, and 13 in mean breadth. Its capital
a city of the same name is the capital of all Ire-
land, and in extent of population and architectu-
ral display is the second city of the British domin-
ions in Europe, but in other respects inferior U
either Liverpool, Manchester, Glasgow, or Edin-
burgh. For divisions, extent of superfices, popu-
lation, &c. of the county of Dublin. See Ireland
Dublin City, the capital of Ireland, is seated on
the banks of the river Liffev, at its entrance into
a bay of about 40 square miles in surface. The
city lies up the river, about a mile from the bay,
which is much more remarkable for its pictur-
esque beauty on either side than for its navigable
uses. This bay has been compared, rather idly,
by some person in the first instance, with that of
Naples ; and after him, still more idly, by a thou-
sand others. It forms a vast semicircular basin
about eight miles in diameter, perilous from its
shallows and breakers ; which are, however, coun-
teracted by a long and massive central mole run-
ning into it. with a lighthouse at its extremity,
and two piers on either side at its entrance. A
bold peninsular promontory, called the hill of
Ilowth. shelters it on the north, having a range
of lowlands from its base skirting the sea, luxuri-
antly wooded and varied, exhibiting here and
there, a church, a mansion, or a pretty villa:
whilst, on the south, it is bordered, at a short dis-
tance, by the picturesque and beautiful range of
hills called the Wicklow mountains.
Dublin resembles the cities to be met on the
continent much more than those of England, in
the frequent juxtaposition of magnificence and
meanness. The late Mr. Curran compared it to
a man with a new coat over a dingy under dress
Its square area of about two miles and a half con-
tains more noble edifices, wretched habitations,
and public charities, than will be found within the
same compass elsewhere. It is in form a rectan-
gle, divided by the river into two nearly equal
parts. We will suppose the spectator in the open
space called College-green, on the left bank of the
river and eastern side of the city. Looking east-
ward, he beholds the Bank of Ireland, formerly
the parliament house, on his left; and the Univer-
sity immediately facing him, with a bronze eques-
trian statue of king William between
The Bank of Ireland presents a noble, simple,
and really classic mass of Grecian architecture.
Its principal front is a grand Ionic colonnade, 147
feet long, resting on an elevated plane, reached
by a flight of steps.
The front of the University, at a right angle
with the Bank, is a long and florid Corintian fa-
cade; the central columns surmounted by a pedi