emigrating to Ohio and other parts of the western
This State was settled in 1636 by emigrants
from Massachusetts. See Hartford. The peo-
ple are remarkable for thrift, ingenuity and enter-
prise. and display with peculiar strength many
prominent traits of the New England character.
See JYew England.
Connecticut, the largest river in New England,
rising at the northern extremity of New Hamp-
shire, on the boundary between that state and
Canada. It runs southerly, dividing the states
of New Hampshire and Vermont, after which it
passes through Massachusetts and Connecticut
to the sea at Long Island Sound. Its whole
course is above 400 miles. It is navigated by
sloops to Hartford 50 miles, by steamboats to
SpringSeld in Vermont and by the help of im-
provements in canals, it will soon have a steam-
boat navigation of 200 miles.
The valley of this river is from 5 to 45 miles
in width, and its surface is composed of a suc-
cession of hills, vallies and plains. The interval
lands begin about 12 or 14 miles from its mouth.
These lands are formed by a long and continued
alluvion of the river. The tributary streams of
the Connecticut run everywhere through a soft
and rich soil, considerable quantities of which, par-
ticularly the lighter and finer particles, are from
time to time washed into their channels, by occa-
sional currents, springing from rains, and melted
snows. Wherever the stream moves with an
uniform current, these particles are carried along
with it; but where the current is materially
checked, they are in greater or less quantities
deposited. In this manner, the interval borders
ofthe river are formed. The form of most of
them is elegant; a river, passing through them
becomes almost of course, winding; the earth of
which they are composed is of a uniform texture,
the impressions made by the stream upon the
margin entirely neat, and very comm mly orna-
mented with a fringe of shrubs and trees. Nor
is the surface of these grounds less pleasing;
their terraced form and undulations are eminent-
ly handsome, and their universal fertility makes a
cheerful impression on every eye. A great part
of them is formed into meadows, which are here
more profitable, and everywhere more beautiful
than lands devoted to any other culture; here
they are extended from 5 to 500 acres, and are
everywhere covered with a verdure, peculiarly
rich and vivid. The finest and most abundant
crops of hay are raised upon these intervals.
border are also nearly uniform; hence this border
is almost universally a handsome arch, with a
There are many falls and rapids upon the Con-
necticut, the largest of which is a violent rapid
called Bellows Falls, at a village of that name in
Vermont. A canal passes round this obstruction
on the western side. Most of the other rapids
are also avoided by locks and canals. The scenery
along the hanks of the Connecticut is exceeding-
ly varied and picturesque, and though many other
streams surpass it in grandeur of features, yet for
the variety, elegance and cheerfulness of the
landscape which its borders everywhere exhibit,
it may he regarded as one of the most beautiful
rivers in the world. Its waters afford vast num-
bers of the finest shad, and the taking of these fish
furnishes occupation to many of the inhabitants
• along the river.
Connecticut, lake, N. H. the source of one of
the branches of that river.
Conecuh, a south frontier county of the state of
Alabama, bordering on West Florida. Pop. 7,444.
A river ofthe same name intersects the county,
running south through West Florida into the Bay
of Pensacola. Sparta is the chief town.
Connor, a parish in the county of Antrim, Ire
land, which, in 182.1, contained a population of
7,123. There is a decayed town in the parish, for-
merly k bishops see, now united to Down. It ip
6 m. north of Antrim. Pop. in 1820,239.
Connorsville, p.v. Fayette Co. Ind.
Conquest, ph. Cayuga Co. N. Y. Pop. 1,50~
Conquet, a town of France, in the department of
Finisterre, with a good harbour and road It is
12 m. W. of Brest.
Conselve, a town of Italy, 12 m. S. of Padua.
Pop. about 6,000.
Consiglione, a town of Sicily, in Val di Mazara,
19 m. S. of Palermo.
Constable, p.v. Franklin Co. N. Y. Pop. 693.
Constadt, a town of Silesia, in the principality
of Oels, 23 m. E. of Brieg.
Constance, a fortified citv of Suabia, seated on
the south side of the Rhine, between the upper
and lower lakes of Constance, or the lakes of
Constance and Zell. Though once flourishing in
commerce, and celebrated in history, it now
scarcely contains 4,000 inhabitants. Constance is