Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 146
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CAG    146    CAI


were much concerned to hear that tlltey were ad-
vancing upon them ; for these beautiful creatures,
when they spread over the inhabited country in
such migrations, are more dreaded than even the
devouring locust; they eat up entirely both corn
and pasture, and frequently oblige the farmers
to fly with their flocks to other districts. The
incredible numbers wnich sometimes pour in from

the north, during protracted droughts, distress
the farmer inconceivably. Any attempt at nu-
merical computation would be vain; and by try-
ing to come near the truth, the writer would
subject himself in the eyes of those who have no
knowledge of the country, to a suspicion that he
was availing himself of a traveller’s assumed priv-
ilege. Yet it is well known in the interior, that
011 their approach the grazier makes up his mind
to look for pasturage for his flocks elsewhere, and
considers Himself entirely dispossessed of his lands
until heavy rains fall. Every attempt to save the
cultivated fields, if they be not enclosed by high
and thick hedges, proves abortive. Heaps of dry
manure (the fuel of the Sneeuwbergen and other
parts) are placed close to each other round the
fields, and set on fire in the evening, so as to
cause a dense smoke, by which it is hoped the an-
telopes will be deterred from their inroads; but
the dawn of day exposes the inefficacy of the
precaution, by showing the lands, which appeared
proud of their promising verdure the evening be-
fore, covered with thousands, and reaped level
with the ground. Instances have been known of
some of these prodigious droves passing through
riocks of sheep, and numbers of the latter, carried
along with the torrent, being lost to their owner,'
and becoming a prey to the wild beasts. As long
as these droughts last, their inroads and deprada-
tions continue; and the havock committed upon
them is of course great, as they constitute the
lood of all classes; but no sooner do the rains
fall, than they disappear, and in a few days be-
come as scarce on the northern borders as in the
more protected districts of Bruintjes-Hoogte and

Cagayan Sooloo, an eastern island lying off the
north-east point of Borneo, in the lat. of 7. N.
and 118. 36. E. long. It is about 20 m. in
circumference, and governed by a Rajah.

Cagayan, a district, the most northern part of

I.uconia, the chief of the Philippine islands. It
fa a fertile and populous district, in the lat of 19

Cagayan Isles, a group of small islands in the
Mindoro Sea, between Borneo and the Philippines,
in the lat of 9. N. and 121. E. long.












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1 1

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Cagliari, a fortified city and seaport of Sardinia,
capital of the island, and an archbishop’s see, with
a university and a castle. Here are numerous
churches, besides the cathedral, three of which
are collegiate. It stands on the south part of the
island, at the bottom of a gulf of its name, whi'h
farms a iarge and secure harbour, and exports con
siderable quantities of olive-oil and salt. Long.

9. 8. E. lat. 39. 20. N. Pop. about 30,000.

Cagnete, Cunete, or Gunrco, a town of Pern, cap-
ital of a district of the same name, extending
about 24 leagues along the seacoast. It is situate
near the sea, 80 m. S. E. of Lima. Long. 76. 16.
W. lat. 13. )0. S.

Cahawbo, the chief town of Dallas county,
Alabama. It is seated at the junction of a rive*
of the same name with the Alabama River, 91 u
m. S. W. of Washington, and about 180 north of
New Orleans.

Cahir, a town and parish in the south part of
the county of Tipperary, Ireland. The town is
seated on the west bank of the Suir, about six
miles south of Cashel, and 85 S. AV. of Dublin,
and in 1820 contained a population of 3.288, and
the parish 4,310 more.

Cahir, is also the name of a small island off the
south-west coast of the county of Mayo, in the
lat. of 53. 44. N. and 9. 53. W. Long.

Cakokia, p.v. St.Clair Co. 111. on the Mississippi

Caliors, a city of France, capital of the depart
ment of Lot, and a bishop’s see, with a university.
It is seated on a peninsula, made by the river Lot,
and built partly on a craggy rock. There are
three bridges over the river. The cathedral is a*
Gothic structure, and has a large square steeple.
The town has a manufacture of fine cloths and
ratteens, and furnishes excellent wine, of the kind
via de grave. It was taken by assault, in
1580, by Heriry I A’, by means of petards, which
were first employed here. In one of the suburbs
are the remains of a Roman amphitheatre. Ca
hors is 70 m. N. of Toulouse, and 315 S. by AV
of Paris.

Caicos, or Caycns, the southernmost of the Ba
hama Isles. See

Cai-fong, a city of China, capital of the province
of Homan. It is situate on a plain, six miles
from the river Hoang-ho, or Great Yellow River
about 300 m. above its entrance into the sea,
which is higher than the plain, and kept in by
raised dikes that extend above 90 in. AVlien the
city was besieged by the rebels, in 1642, they cut
the dikes of the river, which drowned 300,000 of
the inhabitants. Some of the ruins still remain,
which shows that its present state is far inferior
to its former magnificence. Its jurisdiction com-
prehends four cities of the second class, and 30 of
the third. It fa 350 m. S. S. AV. of Pekin, and
about 850 N. by E. of Canton. Long. 114. 28
E. lat. 34 . 53. N.

Caifa, or Haifa, a seaport of Syria, in Palestine,
defended by a wall and a citadel. It stands on
the south side of the bay of Acre, 8 m. S.
W. of Acre.

Caivmn, or Caymans, three small islands lying
to the N. W. of Jamaica, between it and the south
coast of Cuba. The north-east point of Grand
Caymans fa in lat. 19. 12. N. and 81.26. AV. long.
The inhabitants of Jamaica come hither to eaten

Cairngorm, a mountain of Scotland, at the
south-west extremity of Banffshire, on the border
of Inverness. It rises in a conical form 1,750 feet
above the level of a small lake near its base


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