Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 139
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duchy of Berg, with manufactures of gun barrels
and woolen stuffs; seated on the Wipper, 18 m.
S. E. of Dusseldorf.

Burgas, a town of European Turkey, in Roma-
nia, 50 m. W. of the coast of the Black Sea, and
116 N. N. W. of Constantinople.

Bur gnu, a town of Suabia, with a castle which
gives name to a marquisate, ceded to Bavaria in
1805, and now forming part of the circle of the
Upper Danube. It is seated on the VIindel,6 m.
E. of Guntzburg, (the capital) and 22 N. N. W.
of Augsburg.

Burgdorf, a town of Switzerland, in the canton
of Bern, with a castle, seated on an eminence, on
the river Emmen, 8 m. N. E. of Bern.

Burgdorf, a town of Lower Saxony, in Lune-
burg, with a castle, on the river Awe, 15 m. S. of
Zell.

Burgh, a village in Cumberland, Eng. 5 miles
AV. N. AV. of Carlisle. Near it is a column, erect-
ed to denote the spot where Edward I. died, when
preparing for an expedition against Scotland.

Burghaun, a town of Germany, in the princi-
pality of Fulda, on the river Haun, 8 m. N. N. E.
of Fulda.

Burghausen, properly Biirhhausen, (which see.)

Burglmgeiifel, a town of Bavaria, in the princi-
pality of Neuburg, seated on the river Nab, 16 m.
N. AAT. of Ratisbon.

Burgos, a city of Spain, capital of Old Castile,
and an archbishop's see. it lias an antique castle.,
once tne abode of the kings of Castile ; and the
cathedral is one of the most magnificent Gothic
fabrics in Europe. The squares, public buildings,
and fountains, are fine. In l?5l2 the allied army,
under Wellington, entered Burgos, after the bat-
tle of Salamanca, and besieged the castle near
three months, during which they made several at-
tempts to carry it by assault, but in vain; and
the allies were ultimately obliged to raise the
siege and retire into Portugal, but it surrendered
the following year without resistance. It is seat
ed partly on a mountain, and partly on the river
Aranzon, 95 m. E. by S. of Leon, and 117 N. of
Madrid. Pop. about 9,000.

Burgu, or Berdoa, a territory of Zahara, in the
desert of Libya, to the south of Augila and east
of Fezzan. The capital is of the same name, 250
m. S. S. W. of Augila, and 430 E. S. E. of Mour-
zook. Long. 21. 40. E. lat. 26. 10. N.

Burgundy, or Bourgogne, a late province of
France, 112 miles long, and 75 broad; bounded
on the east by Franclie Comte, west by Bour-
bonnois and Nivernois, south by Lyonois, and
north by Champagne. It is fertile in corn; fruits,
and excellent wines, and is now formed into the
three departments of Cote d’Or, Saoneand Loire,
and Yonne.

Burhnmpour, a town of Hindoostan, caoita) * f
Candeish. and, at one period, of the deccan also.
It lias a great trade in fine cotton for veils, shawls,
dice. In the war with the Mahrattas in 1803 it
surrendered to the British. It is situate in a de-
lightful country, on the river Tapty, 225 m. E.
hy N. of Surat. Long. 70. 19. E. lat. 21. 25. N.

Buriann. a tmvn of Tuscany, in the Siennese,
near the lake Castigleno, 10 m. S. S. E. of Massa.

Burich. See Buderir.h.

Burka, a fortified seaport of Arabia, on the east
coast, in the province of Oman, 45 m. W- N. W.
of Mascat.

Bu.rias, one of the Philippine islands lying with-
in the S. E. promontory of Luzon.

Burke, a western county of North Carolina,

bounded on the west by the Blue Ridge of the
Alleghany mountains, which divides it from Bun
comb. The Great Catawba River rises from
about twenty sources, at the foot of the mountains,
within this county. Pop. 17,727. Morgantown,
205 m. W. of Raleigh, is the chief town.”

Burke, a frontier county in Georgia, bounded
on the N. £. by the Savannah River, which di-
vides it from South Carolina. It is bounded on
the south by the Great Ogeechee. Pop. 11,833.
Waynesborough, in the centre of the county, 104
m. E. of Milledgeville and 75 N. W of Savannah,
is the chief town.

Burke, p.t. Caledonia Co. Vt. 86 m. N. E
Montpelier. Pop. 800.

Bur ken, a town of Germany, in the territory of
Mentz, 27 m. E. of Heidelberg.

Bnrkhausen, a town of Bavaria, witli an old
fortified castle on a mountain. It is the seat of a
regency, and stands on the river Salza, near its
confluence witli the Inn, 27 m. N. N. AV. of
Salzburg.

Burlington, a town of England. See Brid-
lington.

Burlington, p.t. Chittenden Co. Vt. on Lake
Champlain, is a beautiful town situated at the
bottom of a small bay. It has considerable com-
merce and manufactures and a population of
3,526. Here is the University of Vermont, which
has a President and 4 Professors and Tutors.
The library however is small. The number of
students is 36. There are 2 vacations in January
and August of 12 weeks. Commencement is in
August.

Burlington, p.t. Middlesex Co. Mass. 10 m. N.
AV. Boston. Pop. 486.

Burlington, p.t. Hartford Co. Conn. Pop. 1.301.

Burlington, p.t. Otsego Co. N. Y. 05 m. VV.
Albany. Pop. 2,459.

Burlington, a county of New Jersey, the S. E.
point of which jets upon the Atlantic Ocean, at
little Egg Harbour, and the N. AV. end is
bounded by the Delaware River. Pop. 31,061).
Chief town Mount Holly.

Burlington, city, in the Co. of the same name,
N. J. stands on the Delaware opposite Bristol, 20
m. above Philad. It ds handsnmeL' situated,
mostly on an island communicating with the
main land by several bridges and causeways.
There are 8 other towns of this name in Pa.,
Ohio, Ind., and Ken.

Burnham, a town in Norfolk, Eng. It stands
near the sea, on the river Burn, in which is a
small harbour. Around it are five villages of the
same name, with an addition; and that of Burn-
ham Thorp is the birthplace of the celebrated ad-
miral lord Nelson, whose father was the rector.
Burnham is 29 m. N. AV. of Norwich, and 117 N.
E.of London.

Burnham, a town in Essex, ling. at the mouth
of the river Crouch, which is here called Burn-
ham Water. The Walfieet and Burnham oysters
are the product of the creeks am! pits of this
river. Burnham is 11 m. S. E. of Malden. Pop.
1,371.

Burning Springs, the name given to certain
springs in the western part of the State of New
York, chiefly in the towns of Bristol, Middlesex
and Canandaigua. Tiiey emit gas which may be
set on fire. At Bristol the gas rises from the clefts
of the slate rocks on the margin of a brook, and
here it burns continually with a steady flame
Where it rises through the water it is formed into
bubbles and flashes when the flame is applied














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Brookes' Universal Gazetteer of the World (1850)


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