Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 107
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BOR    107    BOR

western promontory of the island of Celebes, seat-
ed on the shore of a large bay, where ships may
lie in security, during both the monsoons. The
town has a palisadoed fort, and stands on the
south side of a small but deep river. Long. 120.
32. E. lat. 5. 31. S.

Boogebooge, a town of Hindoostan, capital of the
country of Cutch, 140 m. S. E. of Tatta, and 230
W. by N. of Amedabad. Long. 60. 2. E. lat. 23.

16. N.

Bool. See Bohol.

Boom, a town of Brabant, on the north bank of
the river Nethes, 10 m. S. of Antwerp. Pop.
about 3,500.

i Boone, a frontier country of the state of Ken-
tucky, nearly encircled by the Ohio River, which
aivides the north end from the states of Ohio and
Indiana, opposite to where the Miami River falls
into the Ohio. Pop. 9,012. Burlington, 90 m. N. by
E. of Frankfort, is the chief town.

Boonsboro, p.v. Washington Co. Maryland, 16
m. N. W. Fredricktown.

Boonsborough, a town of Kentucky in Madison
county, seated on Red River, which runs into the
Kentucky, 38 m. E. S. E. of Lexington.

Booneton, v. Morris Co. N. J. 30 m. N. W.

Boonvtile, ph. Oneida Co. N. Y. 116 m. N. W.
'Albany. Pop. 2,746.

Booswih, a town of Hindoostan, in Bengal, 98
m. N. E. of Calcutta.

Bootan, a mountainous country of Hindoostan
Proper, lying between the province of Bengal and
Thibet. It is a feudatory province of Thibet, and
abounds in mountains covered with verdure, and
rich with abundant forest trees; there is scarce-
ly a mountain whose base is not washed by
some torrent, and many of the loftiest bear popu-
lous villages, amid orchards and plantations, on
their summits and on their sides. The southern-
most ridge of the Bootan mountains rises near a
mile and a half above the plains of Bengal, in a
horizontal distance of only 15 miles ; and from the
summit the astonished traveller looks on the plains
below as on an extensive ocean. The I ooteas are
much fairer and more robust than their neighbours
the Bengalees, with broader faces and higher
cheek-bones : their hair is invariably black, and
cut short; their eyes small and black, with long
pointed corners; and their skins remarkably
smooth. The houses are built on props, though
the country is hilly, and ascended by a ladder :
the lower part, closed on all sides, serves for hold-
ing stores, and accommodating hogs, cows, and
other animals. The capital is Tassasudon.

Boothbay, ph. Lincoln Co. Me. between Sheeps-
cut and Damariscotta river. Pop. 2,290.

Bootle, a village in Lancashire, Eng. contiguous
to Liverpool, which it supplies with fine fresh
water, from abundant and never-failing springs
near the sea-shore.

Bopal, a town of Hindoostan, in Malwa, 98 m.
E. of Ougein.

Bopjingen. a town of Suabia, on the river Eger,
19 m. X. W. of Donawert.

Boppart, a town of Germany, seated at the
foot of a mountain, near the Rhine, 8 m. S. of

Borahs, a town of W. Gothland, Sweden, about
10 m. E. of Gottenburg.

Borcholz, a town on the west side of the bishop-
ric of Paderborn, Westphalia, now part of the
Prussian States.

Bord, or Boit, a town of France in the depart-
ment of Correze. It was the birth-place of

Borba, a town of Alemtejo, Portugal, lying be-
tween Estremoz and Vitra-Vicosa.

Bordeaux, a city of France, an episcopal see,
and chief town of the department of the Gironde,
lies on the left bank of the Garonne, in a semicircu-
lar or oval form, corresponding with the curve of
the river which constitutes its port. The date of
its foundation, like those of many other cities, is
lost in the distance of time. It is mentioned by
Strabo and some of the Augustine historians.
The etymology of its Latin name, Burdigala, i?
doubtful, and throws no light upon its founder*.
Under Augustus it was regarded as a great city,
and was further aggrandised and embellished by
him. Adrian made it the metropolis of the
second Aquitaine. In the third century it became
an episcopal see, and in the fourth wins distin-
guished for the cultivation of arts and letters.
The Roman dominion gave way to barbarism and
the Visigoths, who were themselves soon driven
out by the still more barbarous Clovis and his
Franks. Henceforth it was an integral part of
France, and capital of Guienne, with the ex-
ception of the periods during which it was un-
der English dominion. The Saracens ravaged
it in the eight century, and the Normans in the

The long and violent rather than sanguiuary
contests between the French and English, for the
inheritance of Eleanor of Guienne, bore directly
upon Bordeaux, the capital, which, alternately
French and English, and more indebted to the
latter, retained for them a strong partiality for
which it was severely mulcted by Charles VII.
in 1451. From that period it has continued an
integral part of the kingdom of France, partak-
ing, but in a less degree than other cities, the
ti oubles of the Reformation, the League, the Fronde
(during the regency of Anne of Austria), and
the Revolution. Bordeaux sent to the national
assemblies several of the most eloquent and vir-
tuous men of the popular party, called 4 Giron-
dists,’ from the department of which it is the chiet
town. Deprived almost wholly of its foreign
commerce by the wars and decrees of Bonaparte,
it was the first place to open its gates to the

The most striking objects upon approaching
Bordeaux are the port and the stupendous bridge,
projected and partly executed by Bonaparte, over
the Garonne, an arm of the sea rather than a
river. The practicability of such a bridge was
long doubted, from the breadth of the river—nearly
a quarter of a league—and the violence of the
current. The port should be viewed from La
Bastide, a village opposite Bordeaux, on the right
bank: it then presents its magnificent curve
round the corresponding segment of the river ,
Its fagade, uniform and noble ; the quays, crowd-
ed and animated; and the river, covered with
vessels, generally in a state of gentle movement,
heaving with the waves. The town is semicir-
cular : but the port is an elliptic curve, near two
leagues in diameter betw’een its extremities.
Bordeaux, like so many other cities, is divided
into the old and new town, on the right and left.
The 44 course” or avenue of Tourny, leading to
the fauxbourg de Chartrons, is remarkably beau-
tiful. The theatre, in the rue de Chapeau-rouge,
is a noble building, surpassing in its exterior, but
not interior, most other theatres of Europe. Its
peristyle consists of twelve Corinthian columns

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Brookes' Universal Gazetteer of the World (1850)


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