Britons against the invaders from Norway, they
in process of time became masters of the country,
and gave it the name of England.
Anglesey, an island and Co. at the N. W. extrem-
ity of Wales. It is separated from Caernarvonshire
by a long and narrow channel called Menai, which
passes from St. Georges Channel, by Caernarvon
and Bangor, to the Irish Sea. That part of the
island which borders this strait is finely wooded,
recalling to the mind its ancient state, when it was
the celebrated seat of the Druids, whose terrific
religious rites were performed in the gloom of the
thickest woods. Rude mounds and heaps of
stone, said to be druidical remains, are still to be
seen; but a little way within, the whole appears
a naked tract, without trees or hedges, watered
by numerous rills, fertile in grass and corn, and
abounding in cattle. This island produces vast
quantities of copper and sulphur (see Parijs) and
in the N. W. part is a quarry of green marble, in-
termixed with asbestos. Beaumaris and Holyhead
are the chief towns.
Angola, the whole extent of territory on the
western coast of S. Africa, from near the equator
to the 13th or 14th deg. of S. lat. comprehending
Loango, Congo, Angola Proper, and Benguela, is
commonly called Angola; but Angpla Proper, or
the kingdom of Angola lies S. of the Congo,
between the lat. of 7 to 9 S. All this part of the
coast of South Africa is well watered and exceed-
ingly capable of yielding abundance, not only
for the subsistence but the luxury of man. It is
divided into numerous petty states and sovereign-
ties, the chiefs of which live in constant collision
with each other ; since the restriction of the traf-
fic in slaves to the S. of the equator, rapine and
cruelty have reigned with uncontrolled sway over
the whole of this fine and extensive district; and
since the period of 1815 and 1816,more than 100,000
of the natives have been annually transported as
slaves, by the French, Spaniards, and Portuguese,
to Martinique, Guadaloupe, Cuba, and the Brazils.
St. Paulo de Loango in lat. about 8. 30. S. is the
principal place on the coast of Angola Proper, at
which the Brazilians more particularly carry on
their operation of slave traffic. Abstracted from
the unsocializing and debasing influence which
the slave-traffic is so strongly calculated to excite
and promote, the inhabitants of this part of South
Africa are much addicted to habits of idleness,
idolatry, and polygamy.
Angola, p.v. Erie Co. N. Y. 291 m. W. Al-
Angora, or Angoirri, the ancient Ancyra, a city
of Asiatic Turkey, in Natolia, and a Greek arch-
bishops see, remarkable for its remains of antiqui-
ty ; such as inscriptions, pillars', ruins of temples,
&c. The castle has a triple inclosure, and the
walls are of white marble and stone, resembling
porphyry. The inhabitants are estimated at 100,
000. Here are bred the finest goats in the world;
the hair being almost like silk, is worked into fine
stuffs. It stands in a lofty situation, 212 m. S. E.
of Constantinople. Long. 32. 50. E. lat. 40. 4. N.
Angouleme, a town of France, capital of the
department of Charente, and the see of a bishop.
It is seated on a mountain surrounded by rocks.
The river Charente runs at the foot of it; and
there are some paper manufactures in its environs.
It is 50 m. W. S. W. of Limoges. Long. 0. 9. E.
lat. 45. 39. N.
Angournois, a late province of France, hounded
on the N. by Poitou, E. by Limosin and Manche,
S. by Perigord, and W. by Saintonge. It is now
distributed among the departments of Charente,
Dordogne, and Deux Sevres.
Angra, the capital of Terceira, one of the Azores.
It is a bishops see and the residence of the gov-
ernor of the Azores. The town is well built, and
populous; and here are royal magazines for all
sorts of naval stores, a cathedral, five churches,
and several monastic houses. It stands on a bay,
between two mountains, on the S. side of the
island. Long. 27. 12. W. lat. 38. 39. N.
Angrogna, a town of Piedmont, on a river of
the'same name, 7 m. W. of Pignerol.
Anguilla, or Snake Island, the most northe rly
of the English Leeward islands in the West In-
dies. It is 30 miles long and 3 broad, winding
somewhat in the manner of a snake, and is 60 m.
N. W. of St. Christopher. Long. 62. 35. W. lat.
18.15 N. One of the Bahama islands is also call-
ed Anguilla. |
Angusshire, or Forfarshire, a maritime county :
on the N. E. coast of Scotland ; bounded on the ■
S. by the Frith of Tay, W. by the county of Perth,
and N. by Kincardineshire. The chief towns are ■
Dundee, Arbroath, Forfar, Montrose, and Brechin.
It is prettily diversified with hill, dale, and water.
Anhalt, a principality of Germany, in Upper
Saxony, 42 m. long and 10 broad ; bounded on
the S. by Mansfield, W. by Halberstadt, E. by the
duchy of Saxony, and N by Magdeburg. It
abounds in corn, and is watered by the Salde and
Mulda. Its ancient castle is gone to decay
Zerbst is the capital.
Anholt, an island of Denmark, in the Cattegat,
surrounded by sand banks so dangerous to seamen,
that on it is a light-house. The English took
possession of it in 1810, and made it a place of ren-
dezvous for the North Sea squadron. Loner. 11.
35. E. lat. 56. 38. N.
Aniane, a town of France, in the department of
Herault, 13. m. W. N. W. of Montpelier. It has
an extensive manufacture of mineral alkali.
Anjengo, a town of Hindoostan, in Travancore,
which has a trade in pepper and calicoes. It
stands at the mouth of a river, 46 m. W. N. W.
of Travancore. Long. 76. 40. E.lat. 8.40. N.
Animaly, a town of Hindoostan, in the province
of Coimbatore, with a fort. It has a trade in
drugs, honey, and wax, collected in the hills to the
south, and is seated on the Alima, 21 m. S. of
Anjou, a late province of France, bounded on the
N.by Maine, W. by Bretagne, S. by Poitou, and
E.by Touraine. It formerly belonged to the sov-
ereigns of England. It now forms the depart-
ment of Mayenne and Loire.
Ann, St. a town of New Brunswick, situate on
the river St. John nearly opposite to Fredericto%
and 80. m. above the city of St John. Also the
name of the chief town of the province of Parana,
in Paraguay, and of a lake in Upper Canada, to
the north of Lake Superior.
Anne Arundel, a county of Maryland, on the
western shore of Chesapeak Bay. Pop. 28,295.
Annapolis is the chief town.
Ann, Cape, a point of land which forms the
north side of Massachusetts Bay. Twin light-
houses on an island at the extremity of this Cape
are in N. lat. 42. 40. W. Long. 70. 38.
Ann, Fort, a town in Washington Co. N. Y. be-
tween the North River and Lake Champlain.
Annaherg, St. a town of Upper Saxony, in Mis-
nia, noted for silver mines and the manufacture
of lace, 17 m. S. of Chemnitz.